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Abstract

Currently, 8.5% of the US population meets criteria for alcohol use disorders, with a total cost to the US economy estimated at $234 billion per year. Alcohol and tobacco use share a high degree of comorbidity and interact across many levels of analysis. This review begins by highlighting alcohol and tobacco comorbidity and presenting evidence that tobacco increases the risk for alcohol misuse and likely has a causal role in this relationship. We then discuss how knowledge of alcohol and tobacco interactions can be used to reduce alcohol use, focusing on whether () smoking status can be used as a clinical indicator for alcohol misuse, () tobacco policies reduce alcohol use, and () nicotinic-based medications can be used to treat alcohol use disorders.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050212-185549
2013-03-28
2024-06-19
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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050212-185549
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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