1932

Abstract

Planthoppers are serious rice pests in Asia. Their population resurgence was first reported in the early 1960s, caused mainly by insecticides that indiscriminately killed beneficial arthropods and target pests. The subsequent resurgence involved two mechanisms, the loss of beneficial insects and insecticide-enhanced planthopper reproduction. In this review, we identify two forms of resurgence, acute and chronic. Acute resurgence is caused by traditional insecticides with rapid resurgence in the F generation. Chronic resurgence follows application of modern pesticides, including fungicides and herbicides, with low natural enemy toxicity, coupled with stimulated planthopper reproduction. The chemical-driven syndrome of changes leads to later resurgence in the F or later generations. Chronic resurgence poses new threats to global rice production. We review findings on the physiological and molecular mechanisms of chronic planthopper resurgence and suggest research directions that may help manage these new threats.

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2020-01-07
2024-06-12
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