1932

Abstract

Immunoglobulin G4–related disease (IgG4-RD) is a systemic immune-mediated fibroinflammatory disease. Since its discovery nearly two decades ago, our understanding of its pathophysiology and clinical manifestations has grown substantially. Early diagnosis and treatment of this elusive disease can prevent substantial organ damage from end-stage fibrosis, emphasizing the need for prompt recognition and accurate characterization of IgG4-RD. The classification criteria endorsed by the American College of Rheumatology and the European Alliance of Associations for Rheumatology in 2019 provide a framework for establishing the diagnosis in the clinical setting. This process involves recognizing the typical manifestations of the disease and incorporating clinical, radiological, serological, and histopathological information as well as excluding disease mimickers. Glucocorticoids and rituximab are effective at inducing remission in IgG4-RD in most patients, but the optimal approach to long-term management of IgG4-RD remains an area of active clinical research.

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2022-01-27
2024-06-14
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