1932

Abstract

Apart from some notable exceptions, education is regrettably understudied in comparative politics. This paucity stems from both a dearth of reliable data on schooling and the fact that education raises analytical issues that fall outside the typical domain of political scientists. In light of education's crucial role in everything from citizen attitudes to earnings to economic growth, we recommend that political scientists pay more attention to education. In particular, comparative researchers should shift from an almost exclusive focus on average levels of schooling to explaining the causes and consequences of educational inequality. To that end, we provide a broad comparative framework for analyzing the politics of education. In our formulation, skill-biased technological change and factor endowments condition the extent to which firms demand human capital. The supply of skills is a function of the interests and institutions that link voters and politicians. We conclude by positing theoretical and empirical puzzles for future research.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-080911-131426
2014-05-11
2024-06-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/polisci/17/1/annurev-polisci-080911-131426.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-080911-131426&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Abdulkadiroğlu A, Pathak PA, Roth AE. 2009. Strategy-proofness versus efficiency in matching with indifferences: redesigning the NYC high school match. Am. Econ. Rev. 99:51954–78 [Google Scholar]
  2. Acemoglu D, Robinson JA. 2006. Economic Origins of Dictatorship and Democracy New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  3. Ahn T, Vigdor J. 2013. The impact of No Child Left Behind's accountability sanctions on school performance: regression discontinuity evidence from North Carolina Work. pap., Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke Univ. [Google Scholar]
  4. Altonji JG, Bharadwaj P, Lange F. 2008. The anemic response of skill investment to skill premium growth. VoxEU.org. http://www.voxeu.org/article/anemic-response-skill-investment-skill-premium-growth [Google Scholar]
  5. Ansell BW. 2008. University challenges: explaining institutional change in higher education. World Polit. 60:2189–230 [Google Scholar]
  6. Ansell BW. 2010. From the Ballot to the Blackboard: The Redistributive Political Economy of Education New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  7. Ansell BW, Lindvall J. 2013. The political origins of primary education systems: ideology, institutions, and interdenominational conflict in an era of nation-building. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 107:3505–22 [Google Scholar]
  8. Autor DH, Katz LF, Krueger AB. 1998. Computing inequality: Have computers changed the labor market?. Q. J. Econ. 113:41169–213 [Google Scholar]
  9. Avery C, Kane TJ. 2004. Student perceptions of college opportunities: the Boston COACH program. College Choices: The Economics of Where to Go, When to Go, and How to Pay for It CM Hoxby 355–94 Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  10. Banerjee AV, Cole S, Duflo E, Linden L. 2007. Remedying education: evidence from two randomized experiments in India. Q. J. Econ. 122:31235–64 [Google Scholar]
  11. Barro RJ. 1999. Determinants of democracy. J. Polit. Econ. 107:6158–83 [Google Scholar]
  12. Becker GS, Tomes N. 1979. An equilibrium theory of the distribution of income and intergenerational mobility. J. Polit. Econ. 87:61153–89 [Google Scholar]
  13. Benabou R, Ok EA. 2001. Social mobility and the demand for redistribution: the POUM hypothesis. Q. J. Econ. 116:2447–87 [Google Scholar]
  14. Benhabib J, Spiegel MM. 2005. Human capital and technology diffusion. Handbook of Economic Growth P Aghion, SN Durlauf 935–65 Amsterdam: Elsevier [Google Scholar]
  15. Berman E, Bound J, Machin S. 1998. Implications of skill-biased technological change: international evidence. Q. J. Econ. 113:41245–79 [Google Scholar]
  16. Bhopal K, Maylor U. 2014. Educational Inequalities: Difference and Diversity in Schools and Higher Education. New York: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  17. Biddle BJ, Berliner DC. 2002. A research synthesis/unequal school funding in the United States. Educ. Leadersh. 59:848–59 [Google Scholar]
  18. Boix C. 1997. Political parties and the supply side of the economy: the provision of physical and human capital in advanced economies, 1960–90. Am. J. Polit. Sci. 41:3814–45 [Google Scholar]
  19. Boix C. 2003. Democracy and Redistribution Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  20. Boix C, Miller M, Rosato S. 2012. A complete data set of political regimes, 1800–2007. Comp. Polit. Stud. 46:121523–54 [Google Scholar]
  21. Bourguignon F, Verdier T. 2000. Oligarchy, democracy, inequality and growth. J. Dev. Econ. 62:2285–313 [Google Scholar]
  22. Brown DS, Hunter W. 1999. Democracy and social spending in Latin America, 1980–2. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 93:4779–90 [Google Scholar]
  23. Brown DS, Hunter W. 2004. Democracy and human capital formation: education spending in Latin America, 1980 to 1997. Comp. Polit. Stud. 37:7842–64 [Google Scholar]
  24. Busemeyer MR. 2007. Determinants of public education spending in 21 OECD democracies, 1980–2001. J. Eur. Public Policy 14:4582–610 [Google Scholar]
  25. Busemeyer MR. 2009a. Asset specificity, institutional complementarities and the variety of skill regimes in coordinated market economies. Socio-Econ. Rev. 7:3375–406 [Google Scholar]
  26. Busemeyer MR. 2009b. Social Democrats and the new partisan politics of public investment in education. J. Eur. Public Policy 16:1107–26 [Google Scholar]
  27. Busemeyer MR. 2012. Inequality and the political economy of education: an analysis of individual preferences in OECD countries. J. Eur. Social Policy 22:3219–40 [Google Scholar]
  28. Busemeyer MR. 2013. Education funding and individual preferences for redistribution. Eur. Sociol. Rev. 29:21–12 [Google Scholar]
  29. Busemeyer MR, Franzmann ST, Garritzmann JL. 2013. Who owns education? Cleavage structures in the partisan competition over educational expansion. West Eur. Polit. 36:3521–46 [Google Scholar]
  30. Busemeyer MR, Jensen C. 2012. The impact of economic coordination and educational institutions on individual-level preferences for academic and vocational education. Socio-Econ. Rev. 10:3525–47 [Google Scholar]
  31. Busemeyer MR, Trampusch C. 2011a. Review article: comparative political science and the study of education. Br. J. Polit. Sci. 41:2413–43 [Google Scholar]
  32. Busemeyer MR, Trampusch C. 2011b. The Political Economy of Collective Skill Formation Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  33. Card D. 2001. Estimating the return to schooling: progress on some persistent econometric problems. Econometrica 69:51127–60 [Google Scholar]
  34. Castelló-Climent A. 2008. On the distribution of education and democracy. J. Dev. Econ. 87:2179–90 [Google Scholar]
  35. Cattaneo MA, Wolter SC. 2009. Are the elderly a threat to educational expenditures?. Eur. J. Polit. Econ. 25:2225–36 [Google Scholar]
  36. Chiappori P-A, Iyigun M, Weiss Y. 2009. Investment in schooling and the marriage market. Am. Econ. Rev. 99:51689–713 [Google Scholar]
  37. Chusseau N, Hellier J. 2012. Education, intergenerational mobility, and inequality. Soc. Stud. Econ. Inequal. Work. Pap. No 2012–261 [Google Scholar]
  38. Coleman JS. 1988. Social capital in the creation of human capital. Am. J. Sociol. 94:95–120 [Google Scholar]
  39. Corak M. 2012. Social mobility and social institutions in comparison: Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, the United States Presented at Carnegie Found. Semin. Soc. Mobility, May 21–22, London. http://milescorak.files.wordpress.com/2012/05/social_mobility_summit_v3.pdf [Google Scholar]
  40. Corak M. 2013. Income inequality, equality of opportunity, and intergenerational mobility. J. Econ. Perspect. 27:379–102 [Google Scholar]
  41. Costinot A, Donaldson D. 2012. Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage: old idea, new evidence. Am. Econ. Rev. 102:(3453–58 [Google Scholar]
  42. Davies JB, Zhang J, Zeng J. 2005. Intergenerational mobility under private versus public education. Scand. J. Econ. 107:3399–417 [Google Scholar]
  43. Duflo E, Hanna R, Ryan SP. 2012. Incentives work: getting teachers to come to school. Am. Econ. Rev. 102:41241–78 [Google Scholar]
  44. Edlefson C. 2006. Politics of education. Encyclopedia of Educational Leadership and Administration FW English 2772–76 Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage [Google Scholar]
  45. Education for All 2009. What they are saying Educ. for All Glob. Monit. Rep. http://www.unesco.org/new/en/education/themes/leading-the-international-agenda/efareport/specials/what-they-are-saying [Google Scholar]
  46. Engelbrecht H-J. 2003. Human capital and economic growth: cross-section evidence for OECD countries. Econ. Rec. 79:40–51 [Google Scholar]
  47. Engerman SL, Sokoloff KL. 1994. Factor endowments, institutions, and differential paths of growth among new world economies: a view from economic historians of the United States Natl. Bur. Econ. Res. Hist. Work. Pap. No 66 [Google Scholar]
  48. EPE Research Center 2013. High school graduation rate approaching milestone, reaches highest point in 40 years. http://www.edweek.org/media/diplomascount2013_release.pdf
  49. Epple D, Romano RE. 1998. Competition between private and public schools, vouchers, and peer-group effects. Am. Econ. Rev. 88:133–62 [Google Scholar]
  50. Estevez-Abe M, Iversen T, Soskice D. 2001. Social protection and the formation of skills: a reinterpretation of the welfare state. Hall & Soskice 2001 145–83
  51. Evans D, Kremer M, Ngatia M. 2009. The impact of distributing school uniforms on children's education in Kenya. Poverty Action Lab. work. pap.
  52. Fischel WA. 2001. The Homevoter Hypothesis Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  53. Galiani S, Gertler P, Schargrodsky E. 2008. School decentralization: helping the good get better, but leaving the poor behind. J. Public Econ. 92:10–112106–20 [Google Scholar]
  54. Galor O. 2012. The demographic transition: causes and consequences. Cliometrica 6:11–28 [Google Scholar]
  55. Galor O, Moav O. 2000. Ability-biased technological transition, wage inequality, and economic growth. Q. J. Econ. 115:2469–97 [Google Scholar]
  56. Galston WA. 2001. Political knowledge, political engagement, and civic education. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci. 4:1217–34 [Google Scholar]
  57. Gandhi J, Lust-Okar E. 2009. Elections under authoritarianism. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci. 12:1403–22 [Google Scholar]
  58. Glaeser E, Ponzetto G, Shleifer A. 2007. Why does democracy need education?. J. Econ. Growth 12:277–99 [Google Scholar]
  59. Goldberg PK, Pavcnik N. 2007. Distributional effects of globalization in developing countries. J. Econ. Lit. 45:139–82 [Google Scholar]
  60. Goldin C, Katz LF. 2008. The Race Between Education and Technology Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  61. Goldthorpe JH. 1987. Social Mobility and Class Structure in Modern Britain Oxford, UK: Clarendon [Google Scholar]
  62. Golub SS, Hsieh C-T. 2000. Classical Ricardian theory of comparative advantage revisited. Rev. Int. Econ. 8:2221–34 [Google Scholar]
  63. Goos M, Manning A. 2007. Lousy and lovely jobs: the rising polarization of work in Britain. Rev. Econ. Stat. 89:1118–33 [Google Scholar]
  64. Guryan J, Hurst E, Kearney M. 2008. Parental education and parental time with children. J. Econ. Perspect. 22:323–46 [Google Scholar]
  65. Hall PA, Soskice D. 2001. Varieties of Capitalism: The Institutional Foundations of Comparative Advantage Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  66. Hanushek EA. 2010. How well do we understand achievement gaps?. Focus 27:25–12 [Google Scholar]
  67. Hanushek EA, Kimko DD. 2000. Schooling, labor-force quality, and the growth of nations. Am. Econ. Rev. 90:51184–208 [Google Scholar]
  68. Harrison A, Hanson G. 1999. Who gains from trade reform? Some remaining puzzles. J. Dev. Econ. 59:1125–54 [Google Scholar]
  69. Heckman J, Kautz TD. 2012. Hard evidence on soft skills Natl. Bur. Econ. Res. Work. Pap. No. 18121 [Google Scholar]
  70. Heckman J, Pagés C. 2003. Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean Cambridge, MA: Natl. Bur. Econ. Res. [Google Scholar]
  71. Hendricks L. 2011. The skill composition of U.S. cities. Int. Econ. Rev. 52:11–32 [Google Scholar]
  72. Henig JR. 2013. The End of Exceptionalism in American Education: The Changing Politics of School Reform Cambridge, MA: Harvard Educ. [Google Scholar]
  73. Hess FM. 1999. Spinning Wheels: The Politics of Urban School Reform Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  74. Holsinger DB, Jacob WJ. 2009. Inequality in Education: Comparative and International Perspectives New York: Springer [Google Scholar]
  75. Howell WG. 2005. Besieged: School Boards and the Future of Education Politics Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  76. Iversen T. 2005. Capitalism, Democracy, and Welfare New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  77. Iversen T, Soskice D. 2010. Real exchange rates and competitiveness: the political economy of skill formation, wage compression, and electoral systems. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 104:03601–23 [Google Scholar]
  78. Iversen T, Stephens JD. 2008. Partisan politics, the welfare state, and three worlds of human capital formation. Comp. Polit. Stud. 41:4–5600–37 [Google Scholar]
  79. Jakobi AP, Martens K, Wolf KD. 2010. Education in Political Science: Discovering a Neglected Field London: Routledge [Google Scholar]
  80. Jensen C. 2011. Capitalist systems, deindustrialization, and the politics of public education. Comp. Polit. Stud. 44:4412–35 [Google Scholar]
  81. Kane TJ. 1996. College cost, borrowing constraints and the timing of college entry. East. Econ. J. 22:2181–94 [Google Scholar]
  82. Kaufman RR, Segura-Ubiergo A. 2001. Globalization, domestic politics, and social spending in Latin America: a time-series cross-section analysis, 1973–97. World Polit. 53:4553–87 [Google Scholar]
  83. Keefer P, Khemani S. 2003. Democracy, public expenditures, and the poor World Bank work. pap. [Google Scholar]
  84. Kijima Y. 2006. Why did wage inequality increase? Evidence from urban India 1983–99. J. Dev. Econ. 81:197–117 [Google Scholar]
  85. Kosack S. 2012. The Education of Nations: How the Political Organization of the Poor, Not Democracy, Led Governments to Invest in Mass Education Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  86. Krugman PR. 2000. Technology, trade and factor prices. J. Int. Econ. 50:151–71 [Google Scholar]
  87. Lake DA, Baum MA. 2001. The invisible hand of democracy: political control and the provision of public services. Comp. Polit. Stud. 34:6587–621 [Google Scholar]
  88. Leamer EE, Collins SM. 1998. In search of Stolper-Samuelson linkages between international trade and lower wages. Imports, Exports, and the American Worker Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  89. Leamer EE, Maul H, Rodriguez S, Schott PK. 1999. Does natural resource abundance increase Latin American income inequality?. J. Dev. Econ. 59:13–42 [Google Scholar]
  90. Lindert P. 2003. Voice and growth: Was Churchill right?. J. Econ. Hist. 63:2315–50 [Google Scholar]
  91. Loveless T. 2000. Conflicting Missions? Teachers Unions and Educational Reform Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  92. Lynch J. 2006. Age in the Welfare State: The Origins of Social Spending on Pensioners, Workers and Children New York: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  93. Mankiw NG, Romer D, Weil DN. 1992. A contribution to the empirics of economic growth. Q. J. Econ. 107:2407–37 [Google Scholar]
  94. McGuinn P, Hess FM. 2005. Freedom from ignorance? The Great Society and the evolution of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965.. The Great Society and the High Tide of Liberalism SM Milkis, JM Mileur 289–319 Amherst, MA: Univ. Mass. Press [Google Scholar]
  95. McLanahan S, Percheski C. 2008. Family structure and the reproduction of inequalities. Annu. Rev. Sociol. 34:1257–76 [Google Scholar]
  96. Moe TM. 2011. Special Interest: Teachers Unions and America's Public Schools Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  97. Murillo MV. 1999. Recovering political dynamics: teachers' unions and the decentralization of education in Argentina and Mexico. J. Interam. Stud. World Aff. 41:131–57 [Google Scholar]
  98. Oates WE. 1972. Fiscal Federalism New York: Harcourt [Google Scholar]
  99. Obinger H, Leibfried S, Castles FG. 2005. Federalism and the Welfare State: New World and European Experiences Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  100. Østby G, Urdal H. 2011. Education and civil conflict: a review of the quantitative Commissioned for Education for All Global Monitoring Report, “The Hidden Crisis: Armed Conflict and Education.” http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0019/001907/190777e.pdf [Google Scholar]
  101. Peterson PE, West MR. 2003. No Child Left Behind? The Politics and Practice of School Accountability Washington, DC: Brookings Inst. [Google Scholar]
  102. Portes PR. 2005. Dismantling Educational Inequality: A Cultural-historical Approach to Closing the Achievement Gap. New York: Peter Lang [Google Scholar]
  103. Poterba JM. 1997. Demographic structure and the political economy of public education. J. Policy Anal. Manag. 16:148–66 [Google Scholar]
  104. Rajan RG. 2006. The persistence of underdevelopment: constituencies and competitive rent preservation Work. pap., Booth School of Business, Univ. Chicago [Google Scholar]
  105. Rauh C, Kirchner A, Kappe R. 2011. Political parties and higher education spending: Who favours redistribution?. West Eur. Polit. 34:61185–206 [Google Scholar]
  106. Rodden J. 2004. Comparative federalism and decentralization: on meaning and measurement. Comp. Polit. 36:4481–500 [Google Scholar]
  107. Rodden J. 2011. The long shadow of the industrial revolution: political geography and the representation of the Left Unpublished manuscript, Stanford Univ. [Google Scholar]
  108. Ross M. 2006. Is democracy good for the poor?. Am. J. Polit. Sci. 50:4860–74 [Google Scholar]
  109. Ross CE, Broh BA. 2000. The roles of self-esteem and the sense of personal control in the academic achievement process. Sociol. Educ. 73:4270 [Google Scholar]
  110. Rouse CE. 2004. Low-income students and college attendance: an exploration of income expectations. Soc. Sci. Q. 85:51299–317 [Google Scholar]
  111. Sauer P, Zagler M. 2012. Economic growth and the quantity and distribution of education: a survey. J. Econ. Surv. 26:5933–51 [Google Scholar]
  112. Schneider BR, Soskice D. 2011. The low skill trap: Latin America in the global economy. Work. pap., Dep. Polit. Sci., Duke Univ. [Google Scholar]
  113. Solon G. 2002. Cross-country differences in intergenerational earnings mobility. J. Econ. Perspect. 16:359–66 [Google Scholar]
  114. Stasavage D. 2005. Democracy and education spending in Africa. Am. J. Polit. Sci. 49:2343–58 [Google Scholar]
  115. Sun Y. 1999. The contextual effects of community social capital on academic performance. Soc. Sci. Res. 28:4403–26 [Google Scholar]
  116. Svolik MW. 2012. The Politics of Authoritarian Rule Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  117. Thelen K. 2004. How Institutions Evolve: The Political Economy of Skills in Germany, Britain, the United States, and Japan Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  118. Thomas V, Wang Y, Fan X. 2001. Measuring education inequality: Gini coefficients of education World Bank Policy Res. Work. Pap. No. 2525 [Google Scholar]
  119. Thyne CL. 2006. ABC's, 123's, and the Golden Rule: the pacifying effect of education on civil war, 1980–1999. Int. Stud. Q. 50:4733–54 [Google Scholar]
  120. Tiebout CM. 1956. A pure theory of local expenditures. J. Polit. Econ. 64:5416–24 [Google Scholar]
  121. Udry C. 2006. Child labor. Understanding Poverty AV Banerjee, R Benabou, D Mookherjee 243–58 Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  122. Van Der Gaag J, Adams A. 2010. Where is the Learning? Measuring Schooling Efforts in Developing Countries Washington, DC: Brookings Cent. Univ. Educ. [Google Scholar]
  123. Volden C. 2005. Intergovernmental political competition in American federalism. Am. J. Polit. Sci. 49:2327–42 [Google Scholar]
  124. Wibbels E. 2012. Development, trade and social insurance Unpublished manuscript, Duke Univ. [Google Scholar]
  125. Wolf F. 2009. The division of labour in education funding: a cross-national comparison of public and private education expenditure in 28 OECD countries. Acta Polit. 44:150–73 [Google Scholar]
  126. Wolff EN, Baumol WJ, Saini AN. 2014. A comparative analysis of education costs and outcomes: the United States vs. other OECD countries. Econ. Educ. Rev. 391–21 [Google Scholar]
  127. World Bank 2013. World development indicators http://data.worldbank.org/data-catalog/world-development-indicators [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-080911-131426
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-polisci-080911-131426
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error