1932

Abstract

The monolithic misrepresentation of Asian American (AsAm) populations has maintained assumptions that AsAm people are not burdened by health disparities and social and economic inequities. However, the story is more nuanced. We critically review AsAm health research to present knowledge of AsAm health profiles from the past two decades and present findings and opportunities across three topical domains: () general descriptive knowledge, () factors affecting health care uptake, and () effective interventions. Much of the literature emphasized underutilization of health care services; low knowledge and awareness among AsAms about health-related risk factors, prevention, diagnosis, and treatment; inadequate efforts by health systems to improve language access, provider–patient communication, and trust; and the critical roles of community- and faith-based organizations and leaders in health promotion initiatives. Future opportunities for AsAm health research will require adoption of and significant investment in community-engaged research infrastructure to increase representation, funding, and research innovation for AsAm communities.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-060222-023852
2024-05-20
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/publhealth/45/1/annurev-publhealth-060222-023852.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-060222-023852&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. 1.
    Abesamis CJ, Fruh S, Hall H, Lemley T, Zlomke KR. 2016.. Cardiovascular health of Filipinos in the United States: a review of the literature. . J. Transcult. Nurs. 27::51828
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  2. 2.
    Ali SH, Misra S, Parekh N, Murphy B, DiClemente RJ. 2020.. Preventing type 2 diabetes among South Asian Americans through community-based lifestyle interventions: a systematic review. . Prev. Med. Rep. 20::101182 2. Provides a systematic review on community-based lifestyle interventions targeting type 2 diabetes mellitus among South Asian Americans.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  3. 3.
    Alvidrez J, Castille D, Laude-Sharp M, Rosario A, Tabor D. 2019.. The National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities research framework. . Am. J. Public Health 109::S1620
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  4. 4.
    Anand S, Cao E, Kimura R, Guo W, Bassi N. 2023.. Asian American vaccination, testing, and other healthcare knowledge & behaviors during COVID-19, a systematic review. . Pathog. Glob. Health 117::12033
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  5. 5.
    Anderson GL, Chan KCG, Floyd JS, Kaplan RC. 2023.. Hawaiian, Asian American, and Pacific Islander (HAAPI) coordinating center. Proj. Award 1U24HL169645-01 , Fred Hutchinson Cancer Cent., Seattle, WA:. https://reporter.nih.gov/search/pgWDUQZqNkKx1L6OdjD9-w/project-details/10724999
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 6.
    Ardeshna DR, Bob-Manuel T, Nanda A, Sharma A, Skelton WP IV, et al. 2018.. Asian-Indians: a review of coronary artery disease in this understudied cohort in the United States. . Ann. Transl. Med. 6:(1):12
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  7. 7.
    Asian Am./Pacific Isl. Philanthropy. 2021.. Seeking to soar: foundation funding for Asian American and Pacific Islander communities. Rep. , Asian Am./Pac. Isl. Philanthr., n.p.: https://aapip.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/07/seeking_to_soar_foundation_funding_for_aapi_communities_1.pdf
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 8.
    Azhar S, Farina A, Alvarez ARG, Klumpner S. 2022.. Asian in the time of COVID-19: creating a social work agenda for Asian American and Pacific Islander communities. . Soc. Work 67::5868
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  9. 9.
    Bhattacharya G. 2004.. Health care seeking for HIV/AIDS among South Asians in the United States. . Health Soc. Work 29::10615
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  10. 10.
    Brooks MV, Leake A, Parsons C, Pham V. 2012.. A review of the literature: evaluating dietary intake of Filipino Americans at risk for type 2 diabetes. . Nurs. Forum 47::2733
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  11. 11.
    Budiman A, Ruiz NG. 2021.. Key facts about Asian Americans, a diverse and growing population. . Pew Research Center, April 29. https://www.pewresearch.org/short-reads/2021/04/29/key-facts-about-asian-americans/
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 12.
    Castrucci BC, Auerbach J. 2019.. Meeting individual social needs falls short of addressing social determinants of health. . Health Aff. Blog, Jan. 16. https://www.healthaffairs.org/content/forefront/meeting-individual-social-needs-falls-short-addressing-social-determinants-health
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 13.
    Chae DH, Yip T, Martz CD, Chung K, Richeson JA, et al. 2021.. Vicarious racism and vigilance during the COVID-19 pandemic: mental health implications among Asian and Black Americans. . Public Health Rep. 136::50817
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  14. 14.
    Chandanabhumma PP, Narasimhan S. 2020.. Towards health equity and social justice: an applied framework of decolonization in health promotion. . Health Promot. Int. 35::83140
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  15. 15.
    Chandra RM, Arora L, Mehta UM, Asnaani A, Radhakrishnan R. 2016.. Asian Indians in America: the influence of values and culture on mental health. . Asian J. Psychiatry 22::2029
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  16. 16.
    Chen JA, Zhang E, Liu CH. 2020.. Potential impact of COVID-19-related racial discrimination on the health of Asian Americans. . Am. J. Public Health 110::162427
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  17. 17.
    Chen M-L, Hu J. 2014.. Health disparities in Chinese Americans with hypertension: a review. . Int. J. Nurs. Sci. 1:(3):31822
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 18.
    Chen MS Jr. 2005.. Cancer health disparities among Asian Americans: what we do and what we need to do. . Cancer 104::2895902
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  19. 19.
    Chen MS Jr., Lee RJ, Madan RA, Ta Park V, Shinagawa SM, et al. 2022.. Charting a path towards Asian American cancer health equity: a way forward. . J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 114:(6):79299
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  20. 20.
    Cheng H-L, Youngju Kim H. 2018.. Racial and sexual objectification of Asian American women: associations with trauma symptomatology, body image concerns, and disordered eating. . Women Ther. 41::23760
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  21. 21.
    Cheung R, Nelson W, Advincula L, Young Cureton V, Canham DL. 2005.. Understanding the culture of Chinese children and families. . J. Sch. Nurs. 21:(1):39
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  22. 22.
    Choi S, Rankin S, Stewart A, Oka R. 2008.. Effects of acculturation on smoking behavior in Asian Americans: a meta-analysis. . J. Cardiovasc. Nurs. 23:(1):6773
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  23. 23.
    Coronado G, Chio-Lauri J, Dela Cruz R, Roman YM. 2022.. Health disparities of cardiometabolic disorders among Filipino Americans: implications for health equity and community-based genetic research. . J. Racial Ethn. Health Disparities 9::256067
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  24. 24.
    Dai CL, Sharma M, Haider T, Sunchu H. 2021.. Fruit and vegetable consumption behavior among Asian Americans: a thematic analysis. . J. Prim. Care Community Health 12::2150132720984776
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  25. 25.
    Dep. Health Hum. Serv. 2022.. New epidemiological cohort study among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AsA-NHPI): clinical/community field centers (UG3/UH3 – clinical trial not allowed). Funding Oppor. Announc. RFA-HL-23-015 , Natl. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD:. https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HL-23-015.html
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 26.
    Dep. Health Hum. Serv. 2022.. New epidemiological cohort study among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders (AsA-NHPI): coordinating center (U24 - clinical trial not allowed). Funding Oppor. Announc. RFA-HL-23-016 , Natl. Inst. Health, Bethesda, MD:. https://grants.nih.gov/grants/guide/rfa-files/RFA-HL-23-016.html
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 27.
    Diep CS, Foster MJ, McKyer ELJ, Goodson P, Guidry JJ, Liew J. 2015.. What are Asian-American youth consuming? A systematic literature review. . J. Immigr. Minor. Health 17::591604
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  28. 28.
    Ðoàn LN, Takata Y, Sakuma K-LK, Irvin VL. 2019.. Trends in clinical research including Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander participants funded by the US National Institutes of Health, 1992 to 2018. . JAMA Netw. Open 2::e197432 28. Includes a portfolio review of Asian American clinical research funded by the National Institutes of Health.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  29. 29.
    Domingo J-LB, Gavero G, Braun KL. 2018.. Strategies to increase Filipino American participation in cardiovascular health promotion: a systematic review. . Prev. Chronic Dis. 15::E59
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  30. 30.
    Eng MY, Luczak SE, Wall TL. 2007.. ALDH2, ADH1B, and ADH1C genotypes in Asians: a literature review. . Alcohol Res. Health 30::2227
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 31.
    Fong TW, Tsuang J. 2007.. Asian-Americans, addictions, and barriers to treatment. . Psychiatry 4::5159
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 32.
    Gee GC, Morey BN, Bacong AM, Doan TT, Penaia CS. 2022.. Considerations of racism and data equity among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders in the context of COVID-19. . Curr. Epidemiol. Rep. 9::7786
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  33. 33.
    Gee GC, Ro A, Shariff-Marco S, Chae D. 2009.. Racial discrimination and health among Asian Americans: evidence, assessment, and directions for future research. . Epidemiol. Rev. 31:(1):13051 33. Provides a review on racial discrimination and health among Asian Americans.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  34. 34.
    Gotay CC, Reid MS, Dawson MY, Wang S. 2015.. Acculturation and smoking in North Americans of Chinese ancestry: a systematic review. . Can. J. Public Health 106::e33340
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  35. 35.
    Gujral UP, Kanaya AM. 2021.. Epidemiology of diabetes among South Asians in the United States: lessons from the MASALA study. . Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1495::2439
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  36. 36.
    Guo M, Stensland M. 2018.. A systematic review of correlates of depression among older Chinese and Korean immigrants: what we know and do not know. . Aging Ment. Health 22::153547
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  37. 37.
    Hall YN, Hsu C-Y. 2006.. New insights into the epidemiology of chronic kidney disease in US Asians and Pacific Islanders. . Curr. Opin. Nephrol. Hypertens. 15:(3):26469
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  38. 38.
    Ho EY, Chesla CA, Chun KM. 2012.. Health communication with Chinese Americans about type 2 diabetes. . Diabetes Educ. 38:(1):6776
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  39. 39.
    Holland AT, Palaniappan LP. 2012.. Problems with the collection and interpretation of Asian-American health data: omission, aggregation, and extrapolation. . Ann. Epidemiol. 22::397405 39. Reviews data collection, analysis, and reporting errors that harm Asian American communities.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  40. 40.
    Hsu WC, Boyko EJ, Fujimoto WY, Kanaya A, Karmally W, et al. 2012.. Pathophysiologic differences among Asians, Native Hawaiians, and other Pacific Islanders and treatment implications. . Diabetes Care 35:(5):118998
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  41. 41.
    Huang Y-C, Garcia AA. 2020.. Culturally-tailored interventions for chronic disease self-management among Chinese Americans: a systematic review. . Ethn. Health 25::46584
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  42. 42.
    Hwang W-C. 2021.. Demystifying and addressing internalized racism and oppression among Asian Americans. . Am. Psychol. 76::596610
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  43. 43.
    Islam NS, Khan S, Kwon S, Jang D, Ro M, Trinh-Shevrin C. 2010.. Methodological issues in the collection, analysis, and reporting of granular data in Asian American populations: historical challenges and potential solutions. . J. Health Care Poor Underserved 21::135481 43. Discusses methodological issues and solutions to addressing the collection, analysis, and reporting of disaggregated Asian data.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  44. 44.
    Jo S, Han S-Y, Walters CA. 2021.. Factors associated with the HPV vaccination among Korean Americans and Koreans: a systematic review. . Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 19:(1):51
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  45. 45.
    Jun J, Nan X. 2018.. Determinants of cancer screening disparities among Asian Americans: a systematic review of public health surveys. . J. Cancer Educ. 33::75768 45. Examines Asian American breast, cervical, and colon cancer screening from large-scale public health surveys.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  46. 46.
    Kanaya AM, Hsing AW, Panapasa SV, Kandula NR, Araneta MRG, et al. 2022.. Knowledge gaps, challenges, and opportunities in health and prevention research for Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders: a report from the 2021 National Institutes of Health workshop. . Ann. Intern. Med. 175::57489 46. Provides a report on a national workshop on current research and opportunities for Asian American prevention research.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  47. 47.
    Kandula N, Ahmed M, Dodani S, Gupta L, Hore P, et al. 2019.. Cardiovascular disease & cancer risk among South Asians: impact of sociocultural influences on lifestyle and behavior. . J. Immigr. Minor. Health 21::1525
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  48. 48.
    Keeffe EB. 2011.. Access to care and optimal treatment of chronic hepatitis B in Asian Americans: an evolving agenda. . Dig. Dis. Sci. 56:(11):31068
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  49. 49.
    Kenji Iwamoto D, Kaya A, Grivel M, Clinton L. 2016.. Under-researched demographics: heavy episodic drinking and alcohol-related problems among Asian Americans. . Alcohol Res. 38::1725
    [Google Scholar]
  50. 50.
    Kim B, Aronowitz T. 2019.. Invisible Minority: HIV Prevention Health Policy for the Asian American Population. . Policy Politics Nurs. Pract. 20::419
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  51. 51.
    Kim C, Schmuhl M. 2020.. Understanding Intimate Partner Violence in the Asian Communities in America: A Systematic Review. . Trauma Violence Abuse 21::77987
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  52. 52.
    Kim HJ, Park E, Storr CL, Tran K, Juon HS. 2015.. Depression among Asian-American adults in the community: Systematic review and meta-analysis. . PLOS ONE 10:(6)
    [Google Scholar]
  53. 53.
    Kim SB, Lee YJ. 2022.. Factors Associated with Mental Health Help-Seeking Among Asian Americans: a Systematic Review. . J. Racial Ethn. Health Disparities 9::127697
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  54. 54.
    Kim SS, Ziedonis D, Chen K. 2007.. Tobacco use and dependence in Asian American and Pacific Islander adolescents: a review of the literature. . J. Ethn. Subst. Abuse 6::11342
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  55. 55.
    Kim SS, Ziedonis D, Chen KW. 2007.. Tobacco use and dependence in Asian Americans: a review of the literature. . Nicotine Tobacco Res. 9:(2):16984
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  56. 56.
    Kim-Prieto C, Kim GS, Crane LS, Lowe SM, Le PL, Dinh KT. 2018.. Legacies of war: Asian American women and war trauma. . Women Ther. 41::20318
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  57. 57.
    King GL, McNeely MJ, Thorpe LE, Mau MLM, Ko J, et al. 2012.. Understanding and addressing unique needs of diabetes in Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders. . Diabetes Care 35:(5):118188
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  58. 58.
    La IS, Lee MC, Hinderer KA, Chi I, Liu R, et al. 2021.. Palliative care for the Asian American adult population: a scoping review. . Am. J. Hosp. Palliat. Care 38::65870
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  59. 59.
    Lai MH. 2009.. Toward an integrative and collaborative approach to Asian American and Pacific Islander youth violence research, practice, and policy. . Aggress. Violent Behav. 14:(6):45460
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  60. 60.
    Lee HY, Vang S. 2010.. Barriers to cancer screening in Hmong Americans: the influence of health care accessibility, culture, and cancer literacy. . J. Community Health 35::30214
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  61. 61.
    Lee JJ, Zhou Y. 2019.. Facilitators and barriers to HIV testing among Asians in the United States: a systematic review. . AIDS Care 31::14152
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  62. 62.
    Lee RJ, Madan RA, Kim J, Posadas EM, Yu EY. 2021.. Disparities in cancer care and the Asian American population. . Oncologist 26::45360
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  63. 63.
    Lee SD, Kellow NJ, Choi TST, Huggins CE. 2021.. Assessment of dietary acculturation in East Asian populations: a scoping review. . Adv. Nutr. 12::86586
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  64. 64.
    Lee S-Y. 2015.. Cultural factors associated with breast and cervical cancer screening in Korean American women in the US: an integrative literature review. . Asian Nurs. Res. 9:(2):8190
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  65. 65.
    Li J, Chhoa D, Palaniappan L, Hays KJ, Pressman A, Wang NE. 2023.. Disparities in COVID-19 testing and outcomes among Asian American and Pacific Islanders: an observational study in a large health care system. . BMC Public Health 23::251
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  66. 66.
    Li-Geng T, Kilham J, McLeod KM. 2020.. Cultural influences on dietary self-management of type 2 diabetes in East Asian Americans: a mixed-methods systematic review. . Health Equity 4::3142
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  67. 67.
    Lim S, Chong S, Min D, Mohaimin S, Roberts T, et al. 2021.. Alzheimer's disease screening tools for Asian Americans: a scoping review. . J. Appl. Gerontol. 40::138998
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  68. 68.
    Lim S, Mohaimin S, Min D, Roberts T, Sohn Y-J, et al. 2020.. Alzheimer's disease and its related dementias among Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific Islanders: a scoping review. . J. Alzheimers Dis. 77::52337
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  69. 69.
    Lim S, Park O, Mohaimin S, Lee C, Lee S, et al. 2023.. Non-partner sexual violence among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander adults: a scoping review. . Trauma Violence Abuse 24::181831
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  70. 70.
    Link BG, Phelan J. 1995.. Social conditions as fundamental causes of disease. . J. Health Soc. Behav. 1995::8094
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  71. 71.
    Lo Y. 2010.. The impact of the acculturation process on Asian American youth's psychological well-being. . J. Child Adolesc. Psychiatr. Nurs. 23::8491
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  72. 72.
    Lockhart JS, Oberleitner MG, Nolfi DA. 2020.. The Asian immigrant cancer survivor experience in the United States: a scoping review of the literature. . Cancer Nurs. 43::17799
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  73. 73.
    Lor M. 2018.. Systematic review: health promotion and disease prevention among Hmong adults in the USA. . J. Racial Ethn. Health Disparities 5::63861
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  74. 74.
    Lu W, Diep CS, McKyer LJ. 2015.. Risk factors for childhood obesity among Asian Americans: a systematic review of literature and recommendations for health care research. . J. Health Care Poor Underserved 26::17190
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  75. 75.
    Lui PP, Zamboanga BL. 2018.. Acculturation and alcohol use among Asian Americans: a meta-analytic review. . Psychol. Addict. Behav. 32:(2):17386
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  76. 76.
    Lumpkin JR, Perla R, Onie R, Seligson R. 2021.. What we need to be healthy—and how to talk about it. . Health Aff. Blog, May 3. https://www.healthaffairs.org/content/forefront/we-need-healthy-and-talk
    [Google Scholar]
  77. 77.
    McGarity-Palmer R, Saw A, Yellow Horse AJ, Yi SS, Tsoh J, Takeuchi D. 2023.. Profiles of a COVID-19 syndemic: anti-Asian racism, economic challenges, and mental and physical health. . J. Racial Ethn. Health Disparities. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40615-023-01519-3
    [Google Scholar]
  78. 78.
    Millner U, Maru M, Ismail A, Chakrabarti U. 2021.. Decolonizing mental health practice: reconstructing an Asian-centric framework through a social justice lens. . Asian Am. J. Psychol. 12::33345
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  79. 79.
    Min LY, Islam RB, Gandrakota N, Shah MK. 2022.. The social determinants of health associated with cardiometabolic diseases among Asian American subgroups: a systematic review. . BMC Health Serv. Res. 22::257
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  80. 80.
    Mukherjea A, Ali S, Smith JA. 2020.. A human rights perspective on palliative care: unraveling disparities and determinants among Asian American populations. . Topics Lang. Disord. 40::27896
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  81. 81.
    Mukherjea A, Modayil MV. 2013.. Culturally specific tobacco use and South Asians in the United States: a review of the literature and promising strategies for intervention. . Health Promot. Pract. 14::48s60s
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  82. 82.
    Nadimpalli SB, Hutchinson MK. 2012.. An integrative review of relationships between discrimination and Asian American health. . J. Nurs. Scholarsh. 44::12735
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  83. 83.
    Nam S. 2013.. Obesity and Asian Americans in the United States: systematic literature review. . Osong Public Health Res. Perspect. 4:(4):18793
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  84. 84.
    Narayan KMV, Aviles-Santa L, Oza-Frank R, Pandey M, Curb JD, et al. 2010.. Report of a National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute workshop: heterogeneity in cardiometabolic risk in Asian Americans in the U.S. opportunities for research. . J. Am. Coll. Cardiol. 55:(10):96673 84. Provides a report from an expert workshop on cardiovascular disease in Asian Americans.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  85. 85.
    Nguyen EV. 2003.. Cancer in Asian American males: epidemiology, causes, prevention, and early detection. . Asian Am. Pac. Isl. J. Health 10:(2):8699
    [Google Scholar]
  86. 86.
    Nguyen H-AT, Zheng A, Gugel A, Kistin CJ. 2021.. Asians and Asian subgroups are underrepresented in medical research studies published in high-impact generalist journals. . J. Immigr. Minor. Health 23::64649
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  87. 87.
    Nguyen KH, Lew KP, Trivedi AN. 2022.. Trends in collection of disaggregated Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander data: opportunities in federal health surveys. . Am. J. Public Health 112::142935 87. Reviews the collection of disaggregated Asian American data in national population health surveys.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  88. 88.
    Nguyen TT, Taylor V, Chen MS Jr., Bastani R, Maxwell AE, McPhee SJ. 2007.. Hepatitis B awareness, knowledge, and screening among Asian Americans. . J. Cancer Educ. 22::26672
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  89. 89.
    Okazaki S. 2002.. Influences of culture on Asian Americans’ sexuality. . J. Sex Res. 39:(1):3441
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  90. 90.
    Page MJ, McKenzie JE, Bossuyt PM, Boutron I, Hoffmann TC, et al. 2021.. The PRISMA 2020 statement: an updated guideline for reporting systematic reviews. . BMJ 372::n71
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  91. 91.
    Palaniappan L, Garg A, Enas E, Lewis H, Bari S, et al. 2018.. South Asian cardiovascular disease & cancer risk: genetics & pathophysiology. . J. Community Health 43::110014
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  92. 92.
    Palaniappan LP, Araneta MRG, Assimes TL, Barrett-Connor EL, Carnethon MR, et al. 2010.. Call to action: Cardiovascular disease in Asian Americans: a science advisory from the American Heart Association. . Circulation 122:(12):124252
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  93. 93.
    Park S-Y, Bernstein KS. 2008.. Depression and Korean American immigrants. . Arch. Psychiatr. Nurs. 22::1219
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  94. 94.
    Patel M, Phillips-Caesar E, Boutin-Foster C. 2012.. Barriers to lifestyle behavioral change in migrant South Asian populations. . J. Immigr. Minor. Health 14:(5):77485
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  95. 95.
    Phillips KT, Okamoto SK, Johnson DL, Rosario MH, Manglallan KS, Pokhrel P. 2021.. Correlates of tobacco use among Asian and Pacific Islander youth and young adults in the U.S.: a systematic review of the literature. . Exp. Clin. Psychopharmacol. 29:(5):44055
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  96. 96.
    Ponce NA, Shimkhada R, Adkins-Jackson PB. 2023.. Making communities more visible: equity-centered data to achieve health equity. . Milbank Q. 101::30232 96. Provides a commentary on advancing data equity in racialized and minoritized groups.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  97. 97.
    Quach T, Ðoàn LN, Liou J, Ponce NA. 2021.. A rapid assessment of the impact of COVID-19 on Asian Americans: cross-sectional survey study. . JMIR Public Health Surveill. 7::e23976
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  98. 98.
    Riley AR. 2020.. Advancing the study of health inequality: fundamental causes as systems of exposure. . SSM Popul. Health 10::100555
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  99. 99.
    Sabado-Liwag MD, Manalo-Pedro E, Taggueg R Jr., Bacong AM, Adia A, et al. 2022.. Addressing the interlocking impact of colonialism and racism on Filipinx/a/o American health inequities. . Health Aff. 41::28995 99. Discusses how racism and colonialism have perpetuated Filipinx/a/o American inequities.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  100. 100.
    Sanchez F, Gaw A. 2007.. Mental health care of Filipino Americans. . Psychiatr. Serv. 58:(6):81015
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  101. 101.
    Sen S, Nguyen HD, Kim SY, Aguilar J. 2017.. HIV knowledge, risk behavior, stigma, and their impact on HIV testing among Asian American and Pacific Islanders: a review of literature. . Soc. Work Public Health 32::1129
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  102. 102.
    Shariff AI, Kumar N, Yancy WS Jr., Corsino L. 2020.. Type 2 diabetes and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in South Asians: a unique population with a growing challenge. . Curr. Diabetes Rep. 20::4
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  103. 103.
    Sharma N, Shaligram D, Yoon GH. 2020.. Engaging South Asian youth and families: a clinical review. . Int. J. Soc. Psychiatry 66::58492
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  104. 104.
    Shi M, Gette JA, Gissandaner TD, Cooke JT, Littlefield AK. 2022.. E-cigarette use among Asian Americans: a systematic review. . J. Ethn. Subst. Abuse 21::116598
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  105. 105.
    Shimkhada R, Scheitler AJ, Ponce NA. 2021.. Capturing racial/ethnic diversity in population-based surveys: data disaggregation of health data for Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islanders (AANHPIs). . Popul. Res. Policy Rev. 40::81102 105. Reviews disaggregated data collection methods in US population-based surveys and interviews with survey administrators.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  106. 106.
    Shin C-N, Keller C, Sim J. 2018.. Cultural factors relevant to Korean Americans in health research: a systematic review. . J. Community Health 43::42132
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  107. 107.
    Staimez LR, Weber MB, Narayan KMV, Oza-Frank R. 2013.. A systematic review of overweight, obesity, and type 2 diabetes among Asian American subgroups. . Curr. Diabetes Rev. 9::31231
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  108. 108.
    Sue S, Yan Cheng JK, Saad CS, Chu JP. 2012.. Asian American mental health: a call to action. . Am. Psychol. 67::53244
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  109. 109.
    Suk S, Kozachik SL, Cotter VT. 2021.. Integrating culturally competent advance care planning for Korean immigrants: an integrative review. . Am. J. Hosp. Palliat. Care 38::67887
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  110. 110.
    Sun F, Wang K, Shen Y, Gao X, Prieto LR. 2023.. Dementia literacy and worry among older Chinese Americans in Arizona: a comparison between 2013 and 2017. . Int. Psychogeriatr. 35::4353
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  111. 111.
    Ta Park VM, Ly Q, von Oppenfeld J, Lee Y, Joo Y, et al. 2023.. A scoping review of dementia caregiving for Korean Americans and recommendations for future research. . Clin. Gerontologist 46::22339
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  112. 112.
    Tosh AK, Simmons PS. 2007.. Sexual activity and other risk-taking behaviors among Asian-American adolescents. . J. Pediatr. Adolesc. Gynecol. 20::2934
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  113. 113.
    Vargas P. 2017.. A systematic literature review of the relationship between acculturation and diet among Filipino Americans: implications to health and future research. . J. Nurs. Pract. Appl. Rev. Res. 7::5865
    [Google Scholar]
  114. 114.
    Volgman AS, Palaniappan LS, Aggarwal NT, Gupta M, Khandelwal A, et al. 2018.. Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease in South Asians in the United States: epidemiology, risk factors, and treatments: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association. . Circulation 138::e134
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  115. 115.
    Wang M, Kviz FJ, Miller AM. 2012.. The mediating role of parent-child bonding to prevent adolescent alcohol abuse among Asian American families. . J. Immigr. Minor. Health 14:(5):83140
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  116. 116.
    Wang VH-C, Foster V, Yi SS. 2022.. Are recommended dietary patterns equitable?. Public Health Nutr. 25::46470
    [Google Scholar]
  117. 117.
    Watson RE, Karnchanasorn R, Gossain VV. 2009.. Hypertension in Asian/Pacific Island Americans. . J. Clin. Hypertens. 11::14852
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  118. 118.
    Weil JM, Lee HH. 2004.. Cultural considerations in understanding family violence among Asian American Pacific Islander families. . J. Community Health Nurs. 21:(4):21727
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  119. 119.
    Weng SS, Wolfe WT III. 2016.. Asian American health inequities: an exploration of cultural and language incongruity and discrimination in accessing and utilizing the healthcare system. . Int. Public Health J. 8::15567
    [Google Scholar]
  120. 120.
    Wu E. 2023.. Health equity research: a clarion call to focus on racism, not race. . Am. J. Public Health 113::6046
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  121. 121.
    Wu L-T, Blazer DG. 2015.. Substance use disorders and co-morbidities among Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders. . Psychol. Med. 45::48194
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  122. 122.
    Wyatt LC, Ung T, Park R, Kwon SC, Trinh-Shevrin C. 2015.. Risk factors of suicide and depression among Asian American, Native Hawaiian, and Pacific Islander youth: a systematic literature review. . J. Health Care Poor Underserved 26::191237
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  123. 123.
    Yang JP, Do QA, Nhan ER, Chen JA. 2023.. A mixed-methods study of race-based stress and trauma affecting Asian Americans during COVID. . Clin. Psychol. Sci. https://doi.org/10.1177/21677026231180810
    [Google Scholar]
  124. 124.
    Yi SS, Ðoàn LN, Choi JK, Wong JA, Russo R, et al. 2021.. With no data, there's no equity: addressing the lack of data on COVID-19 for Asian American communities. . eClinicalMedicine 41::101165
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  125. 125.
    Yi SS, Kwon SC, Suss R, Ðoàn LN, John I, et al. 2022.. The mutually reinforcing cycle of poor data quality and racialized stereotypes that shapes Asian American health. . Health Aff. 41::296303 125. Discusses the impact of model minority, healthy immigrant, and perpetual foreigner stereotypes on Asian health research.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  126. 126.
    Yom S, Lor M. 2022.. Advancing health disparities research: the need to include Asian American subgroup populations. . J. Racial Ethn. Health Disparities 9::224882 126. Reviews trends in representation of Asian American ethnic groups in health research.
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  127. 127.
    Zhai F, Gao Q. 2009.. Child maltreatment among Asian Americans: characteristics and explanatory framework. . Child Maltreat. 14::20724
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  128. 128.
    Zhang J, Wang Z. 2008.. Factors associated with smoking in Asian American adults: a systematic review. . Nicotine Tob. Res. 10:(5):791801
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
  129. 129.
    Zhou N, Cheah CSL. 2015.. Ecological risk model of childhood obesity in Chinese immigrant children. . Appetite 90::99107
    [Crossref] [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-060222-023852
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-publhealth-060222-023852
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplemental Material

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error