The history of baculoviruses in insect control and the current status of recombinant baculovirus (recBV) insecticides in the laboratory and the field are briefly outlined. A conceptual model for impact evaluation is described that distinguishes between scientific impact evaluation and regulatory risk assessment. Its components are identified and reviewed in the light of existing ecological theory and experimental study under the categories of impact identification, exposure identification, and impact evaluation. Impact identification aims to identify species and populations sensitive to direct or indirect impacts by a recBV. Exposure identification examines how susceptible populations may be exposed to a recBV. Impact evaluation combines these data to predict the potential for recBV impacts in the environment.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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