Heart transplantation in children with complex congenital heart disease or cardiomyopathies has become an effective form of therapy for patients with no other surgical options. Because pediatric pulmonary transplantation is a relatively new procedure, long-term follow-up data are not yet available. However, the intermediate-term results of pediatric lung transplantation appear similar to those for heart and lung transplantation. Children represent a particularly difficult patient group for transplant of thoracic organs, and recipients must be selected carefully. Additionally, physicians must pay close attention to multiple medical conditions relating to the underlying disease process in order to achieve optimal results.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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