1932

Abstract

Two important types of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) have been identified: anti-proteinase 3 and anti-myeloperoxidase antibodies. In the appropriate clinical setting, the presence of either is virtually diagnostic of the subset of vasculitis that includes Wegener's granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis (microscopic polyarteritis), the Churg-Strauss syndrome, idiopathic pauci-immune necrotizing and crescentic glomerulonephritis, and related and overlapping forms of these vasculitidies. The finding of ANCA throughout this group identifies these syndromes as belonging to a single category or spectrum of disease.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.med.47.1.303
1996-02-01
2024-06-20
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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