Five species of have been found to infect humans, , and . The most common of these in North America are and the agents of trench fever, bacillary angiomatosis, and parenchymal peliosis, and in the case of cat-scratch disease. is endemic in Peru and Ecuador, where it causes oroya fever or Carrion's disease. New methods of diagnosing infections have resulted in increased recognition of the many manifestations of these infections. Early recognition is crucial, as these are potentially fatal opportunistic infections that usually respond rapidly to appropriate antimicrobial therapy.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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