Some of the significant advances in time-resolved multifrequency electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) methods are reviewed, with the explicit focus on studies of light-driven processes and photoreactions in real time. Prominent examples are excited state electron transfer reactions with transient charge-separated radical pairs playing a central role. Paramagnetic intermediates and products are key functional states; thus EPR is the method of choice for their characterization. Photogenerated spin polarization and coherences as process-inherent features add the practical advantage of compensation in the trade-off between sensitivity and time resolution. Additionally, they provide detailed structural and dynamic information on the photoreactive system. Significance and specificity of the results achieved for charge separation in photosynthetic reaction centers and donor-acceptor model complexes indicate highly promising perspectives in photochemical research.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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