In this review, we describe experimental studies on structures and dynamics of molecules on clean liquid surfaces in a vacuum. These studies use clean-surface preparations in combination with highly sensitive laser-, photoelectron-, and mass-spectroscopic techniques. In particular, we refer to our recent studies on solvation structures and reactions on various solution surfaces using liquid beam–multiphoton ionization–mass spectrometry. These include () aggregation of solute molecules on solution surfaces such as formation of solute pairs, clusters, and islands; and () chemical reactions induced by photoexcitation and -ionization, such as a nucleophilic reaction of phenyl ketones, polymerization of halo-anilines, and reduction of cations by solvated electrons.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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