1932

Abstract

Abstract

β-arrestins have recently emerged as key regulators of directed cell migration or chemotaxis. Given their traditional role as mediators of receptor desensitization, one theory is that β-arrestins contribute to cell polarity during chemotaxis by quenching the signal at the trailing edge of the cell. A second theory is that they scaffold signaling molecules involved in cytoskeletal reorganization to promote localized actin assembly events leading to the formation of a leading edge. This review addresses both models. It discusses studies demonstrating the involvement of β-arrestins in chemotaxis both in vivo and in vitro as well as recent evidence that β-arrestins directly bind and regulate proteins involved in actin reorganization.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.physiol.69.022405.154804
2007-03-17
2024-06-22
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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