Nutrition, Diet, and Disease

"Good nutrition is essential to keeping current and future generations healthy across the lifespan. A healthy diet helps children grow and develop properly and reduces their risk of chronic diseases. Adults who eat a healthy diet live longer and have a lower risk of obesity, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and certain cancers."–Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

New discoveries in health research happen every day, but one clear message remains consistent; optimal nutrition is imperative to human health. Research shows that an unhealthy diet is one of the major risk factors for a range of chronic diseases, including diabetes, cancer, cardiovascular diseases, and other conditions linked to obesity World Health Organization, 2022).

While poor nutrition can lead to life-threatening physical disease, it also can negatively contribute to secondary issues. An unhealthy diet can alter the microbiome in the gut, thereby impacting the gut-brain connection and affecting mental health and wellbeing.

Annual Reviews has curated this new review article collection that broadly explores nutrition and diet, particularly focusing on their connection to diseases such as cancer and obesity and overall health. The reviews span multiple fields of study including food science, biology, and physiology, in the following five categories:

  • Food and behavior for improved health
  • The microbiome and gut health
  • Nutrition's link to disease
  • The business of nutrition
  • The complexities of obesity

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Food and Behavior For Improved Health

The Importance of Food Processing and Eating Behavior in Promoting Healthy and Sustainable Diets

Ciarán G. Forde and Eric A. Decker, Annual Review of Nutrition

Plant-Based Proteins: The Good, Bad, and Ugly

William R. Aimutis, Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

Sleep and Diet: Mounting Evidence of a Cyclical Relationship

Faris M. Zuraikat, Rebecca A. Wood, Rocío Barragán, and Marie-Pierre St-Onge, Annual Review of Nutrition

Cardiometabolic Benefits of Intermittent Fasting

Krista A. Varady, Sofia Cienfuegos, Mark Ezpeleta, and Kelsey Gabel, Annual Review of Nutrition

Can We Say What Diet Is Best for Health?

D.L. Katz and S. Meller, Annual Review of Public Health

Plants, Diet, and Health

Cathie Martin, Yang Zhang, Chiara Tonelli, and Katia Petroni, Annual Review of Plant Biology

Precision (Personalized) Nutrition: Understanding Metabolic Heterogeneity

Steven H. Zeisel, Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

The Microbiome and Gut Health

The Gut Microbiome: Connecting Diet, Glucose Homeostasis, and Disease

Elizabeth J. Howard, Tony K.T. Lam, and Frank A. Duca, Annual Review of Medicine

The Gut Microbiome and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases

Yue Shan, Mirae Lee, and Eugene B. Chang, Annual Review of Medicine

The Influence of the Western Diet on Microbiota and Gastrointestinal Immunity

Vanessa Las Heras, Silvia Melgar, John MacSharry, and Cormac G.M. Gahan, Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

A Crucial Role for Diet in the Relationship Between Gut Microbiota and Cardiometabolic Disease

Ilias Attaye, Sara-Joan Pinto-Sietsma, Hilde Herrema, and Max Nieuwdorp Annual Review of Medicine

Nutrition's Link to Disease

The Lard Works in Mysterious Ways: Ceramides in Nutrition-Linked Chronic Disease

Rebeka J. Nicholson, Marie K. Norris, Annelise M. Poss, William L. Holland, and Scott A. Summers, Annual Review of Nutrition

The Role of Diet in Cancer Prevention and Chemotherapy Efficacy

Steven D. Mittelman, Annual Review of Nutrition

The Role of Nutrition for the Aging Population: Implications for Cognition and Alzheimer's Disease

Rebecca Power, Alfonso Prado-Cabrero, Ríona Mulcahy, Alan Howard, and John M. Nolan, Annual Review of Food Science and Technology

Diet, Nutrition, and Cancer Epigenetics

Carmen Sapienza and Jean-Pierre Issa, Annual Review of Nutrition

The Business of Nutrition

The Influence of Front-of-Package Nutrition Labeling on Consumer Behavior and Product Reformulation

Christina A. Roberto, Shu Wen Ng, Montserrat Ganderats-Fuentes, David Hammond, Simon Barquera, Alejandra Jauregui, and Lindsey Smith Taillie, Annual Review of Nutrition

Beyond Calories: The New Economics of Nutrition

Amelia B. Finaret and William A. Masters, Annual Review of Resource Economics

The Complexities of Obesity

Adipose Tissue Fibrosis in Obesity: Etiology and Challenges

Geneviève Marcelin, Emmanuel L. Gautier, and Karine Clément, Annual Review of Physiology

Advancing Health Equity Efforts to Reduce Obesity: Changing the Course

Shiriki K. Kumanyika, Annual Review of Nutrition

Endoscopic Approaches to Obesity Management

Russell D. Dolan and Allison R. Schulman, Annual Review of Medicine

Myeloid-Derived Suppressor Cells: Facilitators of Cancer and Obesity-Induced Cancer

Suzanne Ostrand-Rosenberg, Annual Review of Cancer Biology

Early Childhood Obesity: A Developmental Perspective

Megan H. Pesch and Julie C. Lumeng, Annual Review of Developmental Psychology

Developmental Origins of Common Disease: Epigenetic Contributions to Obesity

Maya Kappil, Robert O. Wright, and Alison P. Sanders, Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics

Annual Reviews is a nonprofit publisher with a mission to synthesize and integrate knowledge for the progress of science and the benefit of society. We currently publish 51 highly cited journals in the Biomedical, Life, Physical, and Social Sciences, including Economics.

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