The expression of nuclear protein-coding genes is controlled by dynamic mechanisms ranging from DNA methylation, chromatin modification, and gene transcription to mRNA maturation, turnover, and translation and the posttranslational control of protein function. A genome-scale assessment of the spatiotemporal regulation of gene expression is essential for a comprehensive understanding of gene regulatory networks. However, there are major obstacles to the precise evaluation of gene regulation in multicellular plant organs; these include the monitoring of regulatory processes at levels other than steady-state transcript abundance, resolution of gene regulation in individual cells or cell types, and effective assessment of transient gene activity manifested during development or in response to external cues. This review surveys the advantages and applications of microgenomics technologies that enable panoramic quantitation of cell-type-specific expression in plants, focusing on the importance of querying gene activity at multiple steps in the continuum, from histone modification to selective translation.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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