Cellular quality control systems sense and mediate homeostatic responses to prevent the buildup of aberrant macromolecules, which arise from errors during biosynthesis, damage by environmental insults, or imbalances in enzymatic and metabolic activity. Lipids are structurally diverse macromolecules that have many important cellular functions, ranging from structural roles in membranes to functions as signaling and energy-storage molecules. As with other macromolecules, lipids can be damaged (e.g., oxidized), and cells require quality control systems to ensure that nonfunctional and potentially toxic lipids do not accumulate. Ferroptosis is a form of cell death that results from the failure of lipid quality control and the consequent accumulation of oxidatively damaged phospholipids. In this review, we describe a framework for lipid quality control, using ferroptosis as an illustrative example to highlight concepts related to lipid damage, membrane remodeling, and suppression or detoxification of lipid damage via preemptive and damage-repair lipid quality control pathways.

Expected final online publication date for the , Volume 93 is June 2024. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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