Antecedents of personality disorder in childhood and adolescence have been a neglected area in official taxonomies of mental disorders such as the or the different editions of the . An evolving research field, however, underscores the importance of antecedents for understanding psychopathology and personality pathology in adulthood. The current article summarizes the history, updates reviews, and incorporates new research findings into an integrative scheme for conceptualizing personality pathology in childhood and adolescence. Implications of this model for assessment, future research, and intervention are discussed.


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