1932

Abstract

This article provides a review of recent literature in economics on the effect of mass media on politics. The focus is on the welfare effects of mass media. I also discuss the likely implications of existing behavioral theories of media effects, developed outside of economics.

Keyword(s): biaseconomic policyframingprimingvoting
Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-economics-080213-041101
2015-08-02
2024-06-20
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/economics/7/1/annurev-economics-080213-041101.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-economics-080213-041101&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Adena M, Enikolopov R, Petrova M, Santarosa V. 2013. Radio and the rise of the Nazis in prewar Germany. Unpublished manuscript, New Econ. Sch., Moscow
  2. Anderson SP, McLaren J. 2012. Media mergers and media bias with rational consumers. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc. 10:831–59 [Google Scholar]
  3. Arnold RD. 2004. Congress, the Press, and Political Accountability Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  4. Banerjee AV, Kumar S, Pande R, Su F. 2011. Do informed voters make better choices? Experimental evidence from urban India. Unpublished manuscript, Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA
  5. Baron D. 2006. Persistent media bias. J. Public Econ. 90:1–36 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bennett WL, Lawrence RG, Livingston S. 2008. When the Press Fails: Political Power and the News Media from Iraq to Katrina Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  7. Berelson B, Lazarsfeld P, McPhee WN. 1954. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  8. Bergan D, Gerber AS, Karlan D. 2009. Does the media matter? A field experiment measuring the effect of newspapers on voting behavior and political opinions. Am. Econ. J. Appl. Econ 1:235–52 [Google Scholar]
  9. Bernhardt D, Krasa S, Polborn M. 2008. Political polarization and the electoral effects of media bias. J. Public Econ. 98:1092–104 [Google Scholar]
  10. Besley T, Burgess R. 2002. The political economy of government responsiveness: theory and evidence from India. Q. J. Econ. 117:1415–51 [Google Scholar]
  11. Besley T, Prat A. 2006. Handcuffs for the grabbing hand? The role of the media in political accountability. Am. Econ. Rev. 96:720–36 [Google Scholar]
  12. Brunetti A, Weder B. 2003. A free press is bad news for corruption. J. Public Econ. 87:1801–24 [Google Scholar]
  13. Cage J. 2014. Media competition, information provision and political participation. Unpublished manuscript, Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA
  14. Chan J, Suen W. 2008. A spatial theory of news consumption and electoral competition. Rev. Econ. Stud. 75:699–728 [Google Scholar]
  15. Chiang C-F, Knight B. 2011. Media bias and influence: evidence from newspaper endorsements. Rev. Econ. Stud. 78:795–820 [Google Scholar]
  16. Chong D, Druckman JN. 2007. Framing theory. Annu. Rev. Polit. Sci. 10:103–26 [Google Scholar]
  17. Corneo G. 2006. Media capture in a democracy: the role of wealth concentration. J. Public Econ. 90:37–58 [Google Scholar]
  18. Dearing JW, Rogers EM. 1996. Agenda Setting Thousands Oaks, CA: Sage [Google Scholar]
  19. DellaVigna S, Kaplan E. 2007. The Fox News effect: media bias and voting. Q. J. Econ. 122:1187–234 [Google Scholar]
  20. Di Tella R, Franceschelli I. 2009. Government advertising and media coverage of corruption scandals. NBER Work. Pap. 15402
  21. Djankov S, McLiesh C, Nenova T, Shleifer A. 2003. Who owns the media?. J. Law Econ. 46:341–81 [Google Scholar]
  22. Downs A. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy New York: HarperCollins [Google Scholar]
  23. Drèze J, Sen A. 1989. The Political Economy of Hunger Vol. 1 Oxford, UK: Clarendon [Google Scholar]
  24. Duggan J, Martinelli C. 2011. A spatial theory of media slant and voter choice. Rev. Econ. Stud. 78:640–66 [Google Scholar]
  25. Durante R, Knight B. 2012. Partisan control, media bias, and viewer responses: evidence from Berlusconi’s Italy. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc. 10:451–81 [Google Scholar]
  26. Dyck A, Moss D, Zingales L. 2008. Media versus special interests. NBER Work. Pap. 14360
  27. Edmond C. 2013. Information manipulation, coordination, and regime change. Rev. Econ. Stud. 80:1422–58 [Google Scholar]
  28. Egorov G, Guriev S, Sonin K. 2009. Why resource-poor dictators allow freer media: a theory and evidence from panel data. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 103:645–68 [Google Scholar]
  29. Eisensee T, Strömberg D. 2007. News floods, news droughts, and U.S. disaster relief. Q. J. Econ. 122:693–728 [Google Scholar]
  30. Enikolopov R, Petrova M, Zhuravskaya EV. 2009. Media and political persuasion: evidence from Russia. Am. Econ. Rev. 101:3253–85 [Google Scholar]
  31. Entman RM. 1993. Framing: toward clarification of a fractured paradigm. J. Commun. 43:451–58 [Google Scholar]
  32. Ferraz C, Finan F. 2008. Exposing corrupt politicians: the effects of Brazil’s publicly released audits on electoral outcomes. Q. J. Econ. 123:703–45 [Google Scholar]
  33. Fu K-W, Chan C-H, Chau M. 2013. Assessing censorship on microblogs in China: discriminatory keyword analysis and the real-name registration policy. IEEE Internet Comput. 17:42–50 [Google Scholar]
  34. Gentzkow M, Glaeser EL, Goldin C. 2006. The rise of the fourth estate: how newspapers became informative and why it mattered. Corruption and Reform: Lessons from America’s Economic History Glaeser EL, Goldin C. 187–230 Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  35. Gentzkow M, Shapiro JM. 2006. Media bias and reputation. J. Polit. Econ. 114:280–316 [Google Scholar]
  36. Gentzkow M, Shapiro JM. 2010. What drives media slant? Evidence from US daily newspapers. Econometrica 78:35–71 [Google Scholar]
  37. Gentzkow M, Shapiro JM, Sinkinson M. 2011. The effect of newspaper entry and exit on electoral politics. Am. Econ. Rev. 101:2980–3018 [Google Scholar]
  38. George L, Waldfogel J. 2003. Who affects whom in daily newspaper markets?. J. Polit. Econ. 111:765–84 [Google Scholar]
  39. Gerber AS, Gimpel JG, Green DP, Shaw DR. 2011. How large and long-lasting are the persuasive effects of televised campaign ads? Results from a randomized field experiment. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 105:135–50 [Google Scholar]
  40. Gerber AS, Karlan D, Bergan D. 2009. Does the media matter? A field experiment measuring the effect of newspapers on voting behavior and political opinions. Am. Econ. J. Appl. Econ. 1:235–52 [Google Scholar]
  41. Goffman E. 1974. Frame Analysis: An Essay on the Organization of Experience Boston, MA: Northeastern Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  42. Groseclose T, Milyo J. 2005. A measure of media bias. Q. J. Econ. 120:1191–237 [Google Scholar]
  43. Hamilton JT. 2005. The Market and the Media New York: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  44. Hart A, Middleton JA. 2014. Priming under fire: reverse causality and the classic media priming hypothesis. J. Polit. 76:581–92 [Google Scholar]
  45. Ho DE, Quinn KM. 2008. Measuring explicit political positions of media. Q. J. Polit. Sci. 3:353–77 [Google Scholar]
  46. Holmström B, Milgrom P. 1991. Multitask principal-agent analyses: incentive contracts, asset ownership, and job design. J. Law Econ. Organ. 7:24–52 [Google Scholar]
  47. Hovland CI, Lumsdaine AA, Sheffield FD. 1949. Experiments in Mass Communication Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  48. Iyengar S, Kinder DR. 1987. News That Matters: Television and American Opinion Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  49. Kahneman D, Tversky A. 1984. Choices, values, and frames. Am. Psychol. 39:341–50 [Google Scholar]
  50. Keefer P, Khemani S. 2005. Democracy, public expenditures, and the poor: understanding political incentives for providing public services. World Bank Res. Obs. 20:1–27 [Google Scholar]
  51. King G, Pan J, Roberts ME. 2013. How censorship in China allows government criticism but silences collective expression. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 107:326–43 [Google Scholar]
  52. Klapper JT. 1960. The Effects of Mass Communication Glencoe, IL: Free [Google Scholar]
  53. Krosnick JA, Kinder DR. 1990. Altering the foundations of popular support for the president through priming: Reagan and the Iran-Contra affair. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 84:495–512 [Google Scholar]
  54. Larreguy HA, Marshall J, Snyder JM Jr. 2014. Revealing malfeasance: how local media facilitates electoral sanctioning of mayors in Mexico. NBER Work. Pap. 20697
  55. Lazarsfeld PF, Berelson B, Gaudet H. 1944. The People’s Choice: How the Voter Makes Up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign New York: Columbia Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  56. Lenz G. 2009. Learning and opinion change, not priming: reconsidering the priming hypothesis. Am. J. Pol. Sci. 53:821–37 [Google Scholar]
  57. Lim C, Snyder JM Jr., Strömberg D. 2015. The judge, the politician, and the press: newspaper coverage and criminal sentencing across electoral systems. Am. Econ. J. Appl. Econ In press [Google Scholar]
  58. Lohmann S. 1998. An information rationale for the power of special interests. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 92:809–27 [Google Scholar]
  59. Lorentzen P. 2014. China’s strategic censorship. Am. J. Pol. Sci. 58:402–14 [Google Scholar]
  60. McCombs M. 2004. Setting the Agenda: The Mass Media and Public Opinion Cambridge, UK: Polity [Google Scholar]
  61. McCombs ME, Shaw DL. 1972. The agenda-setting function of mass media. Public Opin. Q. 36:176–87 [Google Scholar]
  62. McFaul M. 2005. Transitions from postcommunism. J. Democr. 16:35–19 [Google Scholar]
  63. McMillan J, Zoido P. 2004. How to subvert democracy: Montesinos in Peru. J. Econ. Perspect. 18:469–92 [Google Scholar]
  64. Miner L. 2012. The unintended consequences of Internet diffusion: evidence from Malaysia. Work. Pap., New Econ. Sch., Moscow
  65. Mondak JJ. 1995. Newspapers and political awareness. Am. J. Pol. Sci. 39:513–27 [Google Scholar]
  66. Morris S, Shin HS. 2002. Social value of public information. Am. Econ. Rev. 92:1521–34 [Google Scholar]
  67. Mullainathan S. 2002. A memory-based model of bounded rationality. Q. J. Econ. 117:735–74 [Google Scholar]
  68. Mullainathan S, Shleifer A. 2005. The market for news. Am. Econ. Rev. 95:1031–53 [Google Scholar]
  69. Nelson TE, Clawson RA, Oxley ZM. 1997. Media framing of a civil liberties conflict and its effect on tolerance. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 91:567–83 [Google Scholar]
  70. Nelson TE, Oxley ZM. 1999. Issue framing effects on belief importance and opinion. J. Polit. 61:1040–67 [Google Scholar]
  71. Neuman WR, Just MR, Crigler AN. 1992. Common Knowledge: News and the Construction of Political Meaning Chicago: Univ. Chicago Press [Google Scholar]
  72. Norris P, Sanders D. 2003. Message or medium? Campaign learning during the 2001 British general election. Polit. Commun. 20:233–62 [Google Scholar]
  73. Oberholzer-Gee F, Waldfogel J. 2009. Media markets and localism: Does local news en español boost Hispanic voter turnout?. Am. Econ. Rev. 99:2120–28 [Google Scholar]
  74. Olson M. 1965. The Logic of Collective Action Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  75. Petrova M. 2008. Inequality and media capture. J. Public Econ. 92:183–212 [Google Scholar]
  76. Petrova M. 2011. Newspapers and parties: how advertising revenues created an independent press. Am. Polit. Sci. Rev. 105:790–808 [Google Scholar]
  77. Prat A. 2014. Media power. Work. Pap., Columbia Univ., New York
  78. Prat A, Strömberg D. 2013. The Political Economy of Mass Media Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  79. Puglisi R, Snyder JM Jr. 2008. Media coverage of political scandals. NBER Work. Pap. 14598
  80. Puglisi R, Snyder JM Jr. 2015. The balanced US press. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc 13:2240–64 [Google Scholar]
  81. Qian N, Yanagizawa D. 2009. The strategic determinants of US human rights reporting: evidence from the Cold War. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc. 7:446–57 [Google Scholar]
  82. Qin B, Wu Y, Strömberg D. 2014. The determinants of media bias in China. Unpublished manuscript, Stockholm Univ.
  83. Reinikka R, Svensson J. 2005. Fighting corruption to improve schooling: evidence from a newspaper campaign in Uganda. J. Eur. Econ. Assoc. 3:259–67 [Google Scholar]
  84. Schacter D. 1996. Searching for Memory: The Brain, the Mind and the Past New York: Basic [Google Scholar]
  85. Scheufele DA. 1999. Framing as a theory of media effects. J. Commun. 49:1103–22 [Google Scholar]
  86. Scheufele DA, Tewksbury D. 2007. Framing, agenda setting, and priming: the evolution of three media effects models. J. Commun. 57:19–20 [Google Scholar]
  87. Siegelman P, Waldfogel J. 2001. Race and radio: preference externalities, minority ownership, and the provision of programming to minorities. Adv. Appl. Microecon. 10:73–107 [Google Scholar]
  88. Sims CA. 1998. Stickiness. Carnegie-Rochester Conf. Ser. Public Policy 49:317–56 [Google Scholar]
  89. Sims CA. 2003. Implications of rational inattention. J. Monet. Econ. 50:665–90 [Google Scholar]
  90. Sniderman PM, Brody RA, Tetlock PE. 1991. Reasoning and Choice: Explorations in Political Psychology Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  91. Snyder JM Jr., Strömberg D. 2010. Press coverage and political accountability. J. Polit. Econ. 118:355–408 [Google Scholar]
  92. Strömberg D. 1999. The political economy of public spending. PhD Diss., Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ
  93. Strömberg D. 2001. Mass media and public policy. Eur. Econ. Rev. 45:652–63 [Google Scholar]
  94. Strömberg D. 2004a. Mass media competition, political competition, and public policy. Rev. Econ. Stud. 71:265–84 [Google Scholar]
  95. Strömberg D. 2004b. Radio’s impact on public spending. Q. J. Econ. 119:189–221 [Google Scholar]
  96. Strömberg D. 2015. Media coverage and political accountability: theory and evidence. Unpublished manuscript, Stockholm Univ.
  97. Suen W. 2004. The self-perpetuation of biased beliefs. Econ. J. 114:377–96 [Google Scholar]
  98. Svensson J. 2005. Eight questions about corruption. J. Econ. Perspect. 19:319–42 [Google Scholar]
  99. Wilson A. 2014. Bounded memory and biases in information processing. Unpublished manuscript, Univ. Wisconsin–Madison
  100. Yanagizawa-Drott D. 2012. Propaganda and conflict: theory and evidence from the Rwandan Genocide. Unpublished manuscript, Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA
  101. Zaller J. 1992. The Nature and Origins of Mass Opinion Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  102. Zaller J. 1999. A theory of media politics. Unpublished manuscript, Univ. Calif., Los Angeles
  103. Zhu T, Phipps D, Pridgen A, Crandall JR, Wallach DS. 2013. The velocity of censorship: high-fidelity detection of microblog post deletions. arXiv:1303.0597 [cs.CY]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-economics-080213-041101
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-economics-080213-041101
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error