1932

Abstract

We describe the development of mathematical models of ice sheets, focusing on underlying physics and the minimal components that successful models must contain. Our review describes the basic fluid dynamical ice-flow models currently in use; points out numerous poorly understood thermomechanical feedbacks in ice flow; and describes the current, often poorly constrained, state of models for ice-sheet sliding and subglacial drainage, as well as their role in ice-stream dynamics. We conclude with a survey of marine ice-sheet models, outlining recent developments of self-consistent free-boundary models and ongoing research into three-dimensional marine ice sheets.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-fluid-011212-140632
2013-01-03
2024-06-20
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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