We describe the development of mathematical models of ice sheets, focusing on underlying physics and the minimal components that successful models must contain. Our review describes the basic fluid dynamical ice-flow models currently in use; points out numerous poorly understood thermomechanical feedbacks in ice flow; and describes the current, often poorly constrained, state of models for ice-sheet sliding and subglacial drainage, as well as their role in ice-stream dynamics. We conclude with a survey of marine ice-sheet models, outlining recent developments of self-consistent free-boundary models and ongoing research into three-dimensional marine ice sheets.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error