1932

Abstract

The concept of exploiting the specific binding properties of monoclonal antibodies as a mechanism for selective delivery of cytotoxic agents to tumor cells is an attractive solution to the challenge of increasing the therapeutic index of cell-killing agents for treating cancer. All three parts of an antibody–drug conjugate (ADC)—the antibody, the cytotoxic payload, and the linker chemistry that joins them together—as well as the biologic properties of the cell-surface target antigen are important in designing an effective anticancer agent. The approval of brentuximab vedotin in 2011 for treating relapsed Hodgkin's lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and the approval of ado-trastuzumab emtansine in 2013 for treating HER2-positive metastatic breast cancer, have sparked vigorous research in the field, with >65 ADCs currently in clinical evaluation. This review highlights the ADCs that are approved for marketing, in pivotal clinical trials, or in at least phase II clinical development for treating both hematologic malignancies and solid tumors.

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2018-01-29
2024-04-24
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