1932

Abstract

Gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria use a variety of enzymatic pathways to degrade mRNAs. Although several recent reviews have outlined these pathways, much less attention has been paid to the regulation of mRNA decay. The functional half-life of a particular mRNA, which affects how much protein is synthesized from it, is determined by a combination of multiple factors. These include, but are not necessarily limited to, () stability elements at either the 5′ or the 3′ terminus, () posttranscriptional modifications, () ribosome density on individual mRNAs, () small regulatory RNA (sRNA) interactions with mRNAs, () regulatory proteins that alter ribonuclease binding affinities, () the presence or absence of endonucleolytic cleavage sites, () control of intracellular ribonuclease levels, and () physical location within the cell. Changes in physiological conditions associated with environmental alterations can significantly alter the impact of these factors in the decay of a particular mRNA.

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2016-09-08
2024-06-13
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