1932

Abstract

With the first observation of a binary neutron star merger through gravitational waves and light, GW170817, compact binary mergers have now taken the center stage in nuclear astrophysics. They are thought to be one of the main astrophysical sites of production of r-process elements, and merger observations have become a fundamental tool to constrain the properties of matter. Here, we review our current understanding of the dynamics of neutron star mergers in general and of GW170817 in particular. We discuss the physical processes governing the inspiral, merger, and postmerger evolution, and we highlight the connections between these processes, the dynamics, and the multimessenger observables. Finally, we discuss open questions and issues in the field and the need to address them through a combination of better theoretical models and new observations.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-013120-114541
2020-10-19
2024-04-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nucl/70/1/annurev-nucl-013120-114541.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-013120-114541&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. 1. 
    Abbott BP et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 119:161101 2017.
  2. 2. 
    Abbott BP et al. Phys. Rev. X 9:011001 2019.
  3. 3. 
    Abbott BP et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 848:L12 2017.
  4. 4. 
    Abbott BP et al. Living Rev. Rel. 21:3 2018.
  5. 5. 
    Hinderer T, Lackey BD, Lang RN, Read JS Phys. Rev. D 81:123016 2010.
  6. 6. 
    Damour T, Nagar A, Villain L Phys. Rev. D 85:123007 2012.
  7. 7. 
    Del Pozzo W et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111:071101 2013.
  8. 8. 
    Sekiguchi Y, Kiuchi K, Kyutoku K, Shibata M Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:211101 2011.
  9. 9. 
    Radice D et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 842:L10 2017.
  10. 10. 
    Most ER et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:061101 2019.
  11. 11. 
    Bauswein A et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:061102 2019.
  12. 12. 
    Cowan JJ et al. arXiv:1901.01410 [astro-ph.HE] 2019.
  13. 13. 
    Bejger M et al. Astron. Astrophys. 431:297 2005.
  14. 14. 
    Sekiguchi Y, Kiuchi K, Kyutoku K, Shibata M Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:051102 2011.
  15. 15. 
    Wanajo S et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 789:L39 2014.
  16. 16. 
    Foucart F et al. Phys. Rev. D 93:044019 2016.
  17. 17. 
    Palenzuela C et al. Phys. Rev. D 92:044045 2015.
  18. 18. 
    Sekiguchi Y et al. Phys. Rev. D 93:124046 2016.
  19. 19. 
    Kiuchi K, Kyutoku K, Sekiguchi Y, Shibata M Phys. Rev. D 97:124039 2018.
  20. 20. 
    Radice D Astrophys. J. Lett. 838:L2 2017.
  21. 21. 
    Fujibayashi S et al. Astrophys. J. 860:64 2018.
  22. 22. 
    Shibata M Numerical Relativity Singapore: World Scientific 2016.
  23. 23. 
    Kumar P, Zhang B Phys. Rep. 561:1 2014.
  24. 24. 
    Fernández R, Metzger BD Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 66:23 2016.
  25. 25. 
    Metzger BD Living Rev. Rel. 23:1 2020.
  26. 26. 
    Shibata M, Hotokezaka K Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 69:41 2019.
  27. 27. 
    Blanchet L Living Rev. Rel. 17:2 2014.
  28. 28. 
    Buonanno A, Damour T Phys. Rev. D 59:084006 1999.
  29. 29. 
    Damour T, Nagar A Phys. Rev. D 81:084016 2010.
  30. 30. 
    Damour T Fundam. Theor. Phys. 177:111 2014.
  31. 31. 
    Damour T 1983. Gravitational radiation and the motion of compact bodies. Gravitational Radiation N Deruelle, T Piran59–144 Amsterdam: North-Holland
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 32. 
    Damour T, Soffel M, Xu C Phys. Rev. D 45:1017 1992.
  33. 33. 
    Damour T, Nagar A Phys. Rev. D 80:084035 2009.
  34. 34. 
    Hinderer T Astrophys. J. 677:1216 2008.
  35. 35. 
    Binnington T, Poisson E Phys. Rev. D 80:084018 2009.
  36. 36. 
    Ho WCG, Lai D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 308:153 1999.
  37. 37. 
    Pons JA et al. Phys. Rev. D 65:104021 2002.
  38. 38. 
    Steinhoff J, Hinderer T, Buonanno A, Taracchini A Phys. Rev. D 94:104028 2016.
  39. 39. 
    Bernuzzi S, Nagar A, Thierfelder M, Brugmann B Phys. Rev. D 86:044030 2012.
  40. 40. 
    Damour T, Jaranowski P, Schäfer G Phys. Rev. D 91:084024 2015.
  41. 41. 
    Bini D, Damour T, Faye G Phys. Rev. D 85:124034 2012.
  42. 42. 
    Damour T, Iyer BR, Nagar A Phys. Rev. D 79:064004 2009.
  43. 43. 
    Banihashemi B, Vines J arXiv:1805.07266 [gr-qc] 2018.
  44. 44. 
    Baiotti L et al. Phys. Rev. D 84:024017 2011.
  45. 45. 
    Bernuzzi S, Nagar A, Dietrich T, Damour T Phys. Rev. Lett. 114:161103 2015.
  46. 46. 
    Dietrich T, Hinderer T Phys. Rev. D 95:124006 2017.
  47. 47. 
    Akcay S et al. Phys. Rev. D 99:044051 2019.
  48. 48. 
    Nagar A et al. Phys. Rev. D 98:104052 2018.
  49. 49. 
    Nagar A et al. Phys. Rev. D 99:044007 2019.
  50. 50. 
    Hinderer T et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116:181101 2016.
  51. 51. 
    Poisson E Phys. Rev. D 57:5287 1998.
  52. 52. 
    Pani P, Gualtieri L, Maselli A, Ferrari V Phys. Rev. D 92:024010 2015.
  53. 53. 
    Dietrich T, Bernuzzi S, Tichy W Phys. Rev. D 96:121501 2017.
  54. 54. 
    Kawaguchi K et al. Phys. Rev. D 97:044044 2018.
  55. 55. 
    Bernuzzi S, Dietrich T Phys. Rev. D 94:064062 2016.
  56. 56. 
    Breschi M et al. Phys. Rev. D 100:104029 2019.
  57. 57. 
    Bernuzzi S, Dietrich T, Nagar A Phys. Rev. Lett. 115:091101 2015.
  58. 58. 
    Chatziioannou K et al. Phys. Rev. D 96:124035 2017.
  59. 59. 
    Easter PJ et al. Phys. Rev. D 100:043005 2019.
  60. 60. 
    Cutler C, Flanagan EE Phys. Rev. D 49:2658 1994.
  61. 61. 
    Zappa F et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 120:111101 2018.
  62. 62. 
    Abbott BP et al. Phys. Rev. X 9:031040 2019.
  63. 63. 
    Radice D, Perego A, Zappa F, Bernuzzi S Astrophys. J. Lett. 852:L29 2018.
  64. 64. 
    Radice D, Dai L Eur. Phys. J. A 55:50 2019.
  65. 65. 
    De S Phys. Rev. Lett. 121:091102 (2018). Erratum. Phys. Rev. Lett. 121:259902 2018.
  66. 66. 
    Abbott BP et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 121:161101 2018.
  67. 67. 
    Agathos M et al. Phys. Rev. D 101:044006 2020.
  68. 68. 
    Abbott BP et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 851:L16 2017.
  69. 69. 
    Abbott BP et al. Astrophys. J. 875:160 2019.
  70. 70. 
    Lai D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 270:611 1994.
  71. 71. 
    Perego A, Bernuzzi S, Radice D Eur. Phys. J. A 55:124 2019.
  72. 72. 
    Kastaun W, Ciolfi R, Giacomazzo B Phys. Rev. D 94:044060 2016.
  73. 73. 
    Radice D, Perego A, Bernuzzi S, Zhang B Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 481:3670 2018.
  74. 74. 
    Duez MD, Liu YT, Shapiro SL, Shibata M Phys. Rev. D 73:104015 2006.
  75. 75. 
    Kiuchi K et al. Phys. Rev. D 92:124034 2015.
  76. 76. 
    Bucciantini N, Metzger BD, Thompson TA, Quataert E Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 419:1537 2012.
  77. 77. 
    Ruiz M, Lang RN, Paschalidis V, Shapiro SL Astrophys. J. Lett. 824:L6 2016.
  78. 78. 
    Metzger BD, Thompson TA, Quataert E Astrophys. J. 856:101 2018.
  79. 79. 
    Fernández R et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 482:3373 2019.
  80. 80. 
    Shibata M, Kiuchi K Phys. Rev. D 95:123003 2017.
  81. 81. 
    Hotokezaka K et al. Phys. Rev. D 88:044026 2013.
  82. 82. 
    Miller JM et al. Phys. Rev. D 100:023008 2019.
  83. 83. 
    Eichler D, Livio M, Piran T, Schramm DN Nature 340:126 1989.
  84. 84. 
    Rosswog S, Liebendoerfer M Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 342:673 2003.
  85. 85. 
    Perego A et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 443:3134 2014.
  86. 86. 
    Beloborodov AM AIP Conf. Proc. 1054:51 2008.
  87. 87. 
    Endrizzi A et al. Eur. Phys. J. A 56:15 2020.
  88. 88. 
    Zhu YL, Perego A, McLaughlin GC Phys. Rev. D 94:105006 2016.
  89. 89. 
    Tian JY, Patwardhan AV, Fuller GM Phys. Rev. D 96:043001 2017.
  90. 90. 
    Wu MR, Tamborra I, Just O, Janka HT Phys. Rev. D 96:123015 2017.
  91. 91. 
    Volpe C Int. J. Mod. Phys. E 24:1541009 2015.
  92. 92. 
    Richers SA, McLaughlin GC, Kneller JP, Vlasenko A Phys. Rev. D 99:123014 2019.
  93. 93. 
    Hebeler K, Lattimer JM, Pethick CJ, Schwenk A Astrophys. J. 773:11 2013.
  94. 94. 
    Oertel M, Hempel M, Klähn T, Typel S Rev. Mod. Phys. 89:015007 2017.
  95. 95. 
    Vidana I et al. EPL 94:11002 2011.
  96. 96. 
    Fore B, Reddy S arXiv:1911.02632 [astro-ph.HE] 2019.
  97. 97. 
    Busza W, Rajagopal K, van der Schee W Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 68:339 2018.
  98. 98. 
    Shibata M, Taniguchi K, Uryu K Phys. Rev. D 71:084021 2005.
  99. 99. 
    Shibata M, Taniguchi K Phys. Rev. D 73:064027 2006.
  100. 100. 
    Hotokezaka K et al. Phys. Rev. D 83:124008 2011.
  101. 101. 
    Bauswein A, Baumgarte TW, Janka HT Phys. Rev. Lett. 111:131101 2013.
  102. 102. 
    Bauswein A, Just O, Janka HT, Stergioulas N Astrophys. J. Lett. 850:L34 2017.
  103. 103. 
    Köppel S, Bovard L, Rezzolla L Astrophys. J. Lett. 872:L16 2019.
  104. 104. 
    Margalit B, Metzger BD Astrophys. J. Lett. 850:L19 2017.
  105. 105. 
    Kiuchi K, Kyutoku K, Shibata M, Taniguchi K Astrophys. J. 876:L31 2019.
  106. 106. 
    Baumgarte TW, Shapiro SL, Shibata M Astrophys. J. Lett. 528:L29 2000.
  107. 107. 
    Rosswog S, Davies MB Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 334:481 2002.
  108. 108. 
    Bernuzzi S et al. Phys. Rev. D 94:024023 2016.
  109. 109. 
    Kaplan JD et al. Astrophys. J. 790:19 2014.
  110. 110. 
    Zhang B, Meszaros P Astrophys. J. Lett. 552:L35 2001.
  111. 111. 
    Lasky PD et al. Phys. Rev. D 89:047302 2014.
  112. 112. 
    Fan YZ, Wu XF, Wei DM Phys. Rev. D 88:067304 2013.
  113. 113. 
    Ravi V, Lasky PD Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 441:2433 2014.
  114. 114. 
    Oganesyan G et al. arXiv:1904.08786 [astro-ph.HE] 2019.
  115. 115. 
    Breu C, Rezzolla L Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 459:646 2016.
  116. 116. 
    Ai S et al. Astrophys. J. 860:57 2018.
  117. 117. 
    Li SZ, Liu LD, Yu YW, Zhang B Astrophys. J. Lett. 861:L12 2018.
  118. 118. 
    Piro L et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 483:1912 2019.
  119. 119. 
    Hajela A et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 886:L17 2019.
  120. 120. 
    Rosswog S et al. Astron. Astrophys. 341:499 1999.
  121. 121. 
    Hotokezaka K et al. Phys. Rev. D 87:024001 2013.
  122. 122. 
    Bauswein A, Goriely S, Janka HT Astrophys. J. 773:78 2013.
  123. 123. 
    Radice D et al. Astrophys. J. 869:130 2018.
  124. 124. 
    Lee WH, Ramirez-Ruiz E López-Cámara D. Astrophys. J. Lett. 699:L93 2009.
  125. 125. 
    Siegel DM, Metzger BD Phys. Rev. Lett. 119:231102 2017.
  126. 126. 
    Berger E Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 52:43 2014.
  127. 127. 
    Blandford RD, Znajek RL Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 179:433 1977.
  128. 128. 
    Abbott BP et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 848:L13 2017.
  129. 129. 
    Lazzati D et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 120:241103 2018.
  130. 130. 
    Xie X, Zrake J, MacFadyen A Astrophys. J. 863:58 2018.
  131. 131. 
    Murase K, Nagataki S Phys. Rev. Lett. 97:051101 2006.
  132. 132. 
    Fang K, Metzger BD Astrophys. J. 849:153 2017.
  133. 133. 
    Bauswein A, Janka HT Phys. Rev. Lett. 108:011101 2012.
  134. 134. 
    Rezzolla L, Takami K Phys. Rev. D 93:124051 2016.
  135. 135. 
    Dietrich T et al. Phys. Rev. D 95:024029 2017.
  136. 136. 
    Dietrich T, Bernuzzi S, Ujevic M, Tichy W Phys. Rev. D 95:044045 2017.
  137. 137. 
    Tsang KW, Dietrich T, Van Den Broeck C Phys. Rev. D 100:044047 2019.
  138. 138. 
    Lippuner J, Roberts LF Astrophys. J. 815:82 2015.
  139. 139. 
    Tanaka M, Hotokezaka K Astrophys. J. 775:113 2013.
  140. 140. 
    Kasen D, Badnell NR, Barnes J Astrophys. J. 774:25 2013.
  141. 141. 
    Radice D et al. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 460:3255 2016.
  142. 142. 
    Nedora V et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 886:L30 2019.
  143. 143. 
    Fahlman S, Fernández R Astrophys. J. Lett. 869:L3 2018.
  144. 144. 
    Villar VA et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 851:L21 2017.
  145. 145. 
    Waxman E, Ofek EO, Kushnir D, Gal-Yam A Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 481:3423 2018.
  146. 146. 
    Nicholl M et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 848:L18 2017.
  147. 147. 
    Perego A, Radice D, Bernuzzi S Astrophys. J. Lett. 850:L37 2017.
  148. 148. 
    Kawaguchi K, Shibata M, Tanaka M Astrophys. J. Lett. 865:L21 2018.
  149. 149. 
    Radice D et al. Astrophys. J. Lett. 869:L35 2018.
  150. 150. 
    Metzger BD, Bauswein A, Goriely S, Kasen D Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 446:1115 2015.
  151. 151. 
    Hotokezaka K et al. Astrophys. J. 867:95 2018.
  152. 152. 
    Nakar E, Piran T Nature 478:82 2011.
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-013120-114541
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-013120-114541
Loading

Data & Media loading...

Supplemental Material

Supplementary Data

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error