1932

Abstract

Searches for dark matter–induced recoils have made impressive advances in the last few years. Yet the field is confronted by several outstanding problems. First, the inevitable background of solar neutrinos will soon inhibit the conclusive identification of many dark matter models. Second, and more fundamentally, current experiments have no practical way of confirming a detected signal's Galactic origin. The concept of directional detection addresses both of these issues while offering opportunities to study novel dark matter– and neutrino-related physics. The concept remains experimentally challenging, but gas time projection chambers are an increasingly attractive option and, when properly configured, would allow directional measurements of both nuclear and electron recoils. In this review, we reassess the required detector performance and survey relevant technologies. Fortuitously, the highly segmented detectors required to achieve good directionality also enable several fundamental and applied physics measurements. We comment on near-term challenges and how the field could be advanced.

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2021-09-21
2024-06-22
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