1932

Abstract

The violation of symmetry between matter and antimatter in the neutral and meson systems is well established, with a high degree of consistency between all available experimental measurements and with the Standard Model of particle physics. On the basis of the up-to-now-unbroken symmetry, the violation of symmetry strongly suggests that the behavior of these particles under weak interactions must also be asymmetric under time reversal . Many searches for violation have been performed and proposed using different observables and experimental approaches. These include -odd observables, such as triple products in weak decays, and genuine observables, such as permanent electric dipole moments of nondegenerate stationary states and the breaking of the reciprocity relation. We discuss the conceptual basis of the required exchange of initial and final states with unstable particles, using quantum entanglement and the decay as a filtering measurement, for the case of neutral and mesons. Using this method, the BaBar experiment at SLAC has clearly observed violation in mesons.

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2015-10-19
2024-06-20
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