1932

Abstract

The possibility of fundamental theories with very many ground states, each with different physical parameters, changes the way that we approach the major questions of particle physics. Most importantly, it raises the possibility that these different parameters could be realized in different domains in the larger universe. In this review, I survey the motivations for the multiverse and the impact of the idea of the multiverse on the search for new physics beyond the Standard Model.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102115-044644
2016-10-19
2024-04-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nucl/66/1/annurev-nucl-102115-044644.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102115-044644&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Kepler J. 1.  Mysterium Cosmographicum Tübingen, Ger: 1596.
  2. Donoghue JF, Golowich E, Holstein BR. 2.  Dynamics of the Standard Model Cambridge, UK/New York: Cambridge Univ. Press., 2nd ed.. 2014.
  3. Langacker P. 3.  The Standard Model and Beyond. Series in High Energy Physics, Cosmology, and Gravitation Boca Raton, FL: CRC/Taylor & Francis 2010.
  4. Quigg C. 4.  Gauge Theories of the Strong, Weak, and Electromagnetic Interactions Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ. Press., 2nd. 2013.
  5. Schwartz MD. 5.  Quantum Field Theory and the Standard Model Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press 2013.
  6. Agrawal V, Barr SM, Donoghue JF, Seckel D. 6.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 80:1822 1998.
  7. Agrawal V, Barr SM, Donoghue JF, Seckel D. 7.  Phys. Rev. D 57:5480 1998.
  8. Langacker P. 8.  Scholarpedia 7:11419 http://www.scholarpedia.org/article/Grand_unification 2012.
  9. Linde A. 9.  arXiv:1512.01203 [hep-th] 2015.
  10. Carr BJ. 10.  Universe or Multiverse? Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press 2007.
  11. Donoghue JF. 11.  See Ref. 10 231 2007.
  12. Schellekens AN. 12.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 85:1491 2013.
  13. Hogan CJ. 13.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 72:1149 2000.
  14. Cahn RN. 14.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 68:951 1996.
  15. Damour T, Donoghue JF. 15.  Phys. Rev. D 78:014014 2008.
  16. Jaffe RL, Jenkins A, Kimchi I. 16.  Phys. Rev. D 79:065014 2009.
  17. Golowich E. 17.  arXiv:0803.3329 [hep-ph] 2008.
  18. Barr SM, Khan A. 18.  Phys. Rev. D 76:045002 2007.
  19. Jeltema TE, Sher M. 19.  Phys. Rev. D 61:017301 2000.
  20. Donoghue JF. 20.  Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 16S1C:902 2001.
  21. Meißner UG. 21.  Sci. Bull. 60:43 2015.
  22. Epelbaum E. 22.  et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110:112502 2013.
  23. Hall LJ, Pinner D, Ruderman JT. 23.  J. High Energy Phys. 1412:134 2014.
  24. Yoo J, Scherrer RJ. 24.  Phys. Rev. D 67:043517 2003.
  25. Weinberg S. 25.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 61:1 1989.
  26. Weinberg S. 26.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 59:2607 1987.
  27. Martel H, Shapiro PR, Weinberg S. 27.  Astrophys. J. 492:29 1998.
  28. Tegmark M, Rees MJ. 28.  Astrophys. J. 499:526 1998.
  29. Linde AD. 29.  Phys. Scr. T 36:30 1991.
  30. Garriga J, Vilenkin A. 30.  Phys. Rev. D 61:083502 2000.
  31. Garriga J, Vilenkin A. 31.  Phys. Rev. D 64:023517 2001.
  32. Donoghue JF. 32.  J. High Energy Phys. 0008:022 2000.
  33. Banks T, Dine M, Motl L. 33.  J. High Energy Phys. 0101:031 2001.
  34. Bjorken JD. 34.  Phys. Rev. D 64:085008 2001.
  35. Barrow J, Tipler F. 35.  The Anthropic Cosmological Principle Oxford, UK: Clarendon 1986.
  36. Olive KA. 36.  et al. (Part. Data Group) Chin. Phys. C 38:090001 2014.
  37. Borsanyi S. 37.  et al. Science 347:1452 2015.
  38. Harnik R, Kribs GD, Perez G. 38.  Phys. Rev. D 74:035006 2006.
  39. Clavelli L, White RE. 39.  arXiv:hep–ph/0609050 2006.
  40. Gasser J, Leutwyler H. 40.  Nucl. Phys. B 250:465 1985.
  41. Tegmark M, Vilenkin A, Pogosian L. 41.  Phys. Rev. D 71:103523 2005.
  42. Freivogel B. 42.  J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 1003:021 2010.
  43. Hellerman S, Walcher J. 43.  Phys. Rev. D 72:123520 2005.
  44. Bousso R, Hall LJ, Nomura Y. 44.  Phys. Rev. D 80:063510 2009.
  45. Bousso R, Hall L. 45.  Phys. Rev. D 88:063503 2013.
  46. Tegmark M. 46.  Class. Quantum Gravity 14:L69 1997.
  47. 'tHooft G. 47.  NATO Sci. B 59:135 1980.
  48. Dine M. 48.  Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 65:43 2015.
  49. Sundrum R. 49.  Phys. Rev. D 69:044014 2004.
  50. Shaposhnikov M, Zenhausern D. 50.  Phys. Lett. B 671:62 2009.
  51. Lynn BW, Starkman GD, Freese K, Podolsky DI. 51.  arXiv:1112.2150 [hep-ph] 2011.
  52. Lynn BW, Starkman GD. 52.  arXiv:1509.06198 [hep-ph] 2015.
  53. Aoki H, Iso S. 53.  Phys. Rev. D 86:013001 2012.
  54. Donoghue JF, Dutta K, Ross A, Tegmark M. 54.  Phys. Rev. D 81:073003 2010.
  55. Hall LJ, Nomura Y. 55.  Phys. Rev. D 78:035001 2008.
  56. Donoghue JF. 56.  Phys. Rev. D 69:106012 2004.
  57. Banks T, Dine M, Gorbatov E. 57.  J. High Energy Phys. 0408:058 2004.
  58. Ubaldi L. 58.  Phys. Rev. D 81:025011 2010.
  59. Peccei RD, Quinn HR. 59.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 38:1440 1977.
  60. Wilczek F. 60.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 40:279 1978.
  61. Weinberg S. 61.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 40:223 1978.
  62. Hertzberg MP, Tegmark M, Wilczek F. 62.  Phys. Rev. D 78:083507 2008.
  63. Wilczek F. 63.  Class. Quantum Gravity 30:193001 2013.
  64. D'Eramo F, Hall LJ, Pappadopulo D. 64.  J. High Energy Phys. 1411:108 2014.
  65. Douglas MR. 65.  J. High Energy Phys. 0305:046 2003.
  66. Ashok S, Douglas MR. 66.  J. High Energy Phys. 0401:060 2004.
  67. Denef F, Douglas MR. 67.  J. High Energy Phys. 0405:072 2004.
  68. Bousso R, Polchinski J. 68.  J. High Energy Phys. 0006:006 2000.
  69. Susskind L. 69.  See Ref. 10 247 2007.
  70. Brown JD, Teitelboim C. 70.  Nucl. Phys. B 297:787 1988.
  71. Brown JD, Teitelboim C. 71.  Phys. Lett. B 195:177 1987.
  72. Dvali GR, Vilenkin A. 72.  Phys. Rev. D 64:063509 2001.
  73. Dvali GR, Vilenkin A. 73.  Phys. Rev. D 70:063501 2004.
  74. Escoda C, Gomez-Reino M, Quevedo F. 74.  J. High Energy Phys. 0311:065 2003.
  75. Linde AD. 75.  Phys. Lett. B 100:37 1981.
  76. Linde AD. 76.  Nucl. Phys. B 216:421 1983.
  77. Garriga J. 77.  Phys. Rev. D 49:6327 1994.
  78. Donoghue JF. 78.  Phys. Rev. D 57:5499 1998.
  79. Donoghue JF, Dutta K, Ross A. 79.  Phys. Rev. D 73:113002 2006.
  80. Gell-Mann M, Ramond P, Slansky R. 80.  Conf. Proc. C 790927:315 1979.
  81. Hall LJ, Salem MP, Watari T. 81.  Phys. Rev. D 76:093001 2007.
  82. Aldazabal G. 82.  et al. J. High Energy Phys. 0102:047 2001.
  83. Ibáñez LE, Marchesano F, Rabadan R. 83.  J. High Energy Phys. 0111:002 2001.
  84. Cremades D, Ibáñez LE, Marchesano F. 84.  J. High Energy Phys. 0307:038 2003.
  85. Kleban M, Levi TS, Sigurdson K. 85.  Phys. Rev. D 87:041301 2013.
  86. Chang S, Kleban M, Levi TS. 86.  J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 0904:025 2009.
  87. Webb JK. 87.  et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:191101 2011.
  88. Berengut JC. 88.  et al. Phys. Rev. D 83:123506 2011.
  89. Uzan JP. 89.  Living Rev. Relativ. 14:2 2011.
  90. Barrow JD, Magueijo J, Sandvik HB. 90.  Phys. Rev. D 66:043515 2002.
  91. Damour T, Donoghue JF. 91.  Class. Quantum Gravity 28:162001 2011.
  92. Donoghue JF. 92.  J. High Energy Phys. 0303:052 2003.
  93. Donoghue EP, Donoghue JF. 93.  Phys. Rev. D 71:043002 2005.
  94. Arkani-Hamed N, Dimopoulos S. 94.  J. High Energy Phys. 0506:073 2005.
  95. Giudice GF, Romanino A. 95.  Nucl. Phys. B 699:65 2004.
  96. Arkani-Hamed N, Dimopoulos S, Kachru S. 96.  arXiv:hep–th/0501082 2005.
  97. Vilenkin A. 97.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 74:846 1995.
  98. Garriga J, Vilenkin A. 98.  Phys. Rev. D 64:023507 2001.
  99. Freivogel B. 99.  Class. Quantum Gravity 28:204007 2011.
  100. Bousso R, Freivogel B, Leichenauer S, Rosenhaus V. 100.  Phys. Rev. D 82:125032 2010.
  101. Garriga J, Vilenkin A. 101.  J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 1305:037 2013.
  102. 102. Voltaire Candide, ou l'Optimisme. Paris: Sirène 1759.
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102115-044644
Loading
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error