1932

Abstract

This review discusses the status of string physics where the string tension is around the TeV scale. It covers model-building basics for perturbative strings, based on D-brane configurations. The effective low-energy physics description of such string constructions is analyzed: how anomaly cancellation is implemented, how fast proton decay is avoided, and how D-brane models lead to additional ′ particles. This review also discusses direct search bounds for strings at the TeV scale, as well as theoretical issues with model building related to flavor physics and axions.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025342
2014-10-19
2024-04-15
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nucl/64/1/annurev-nucl-102313-025342.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025342&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Aad G. 1.  et al. (ATLAS Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 716:1 2012.
  2. Chatrchyan S. 2.  et al. (CMS Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 716:30 2012.
  3. Weinberg S. 3.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 19:1264 1967.
  4. Akerib DS. 4.  et al. (LUX Collab.) arXiv:1310.8214 [astro-ph.CO] 2013.
  5. ’t Hooft G. 5.  NATO Adv. Study Inst. B 59:135 1980.
  6. Weinberg S. 6.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 59:2607 1987.
  7. Douglas MR. 7.  J. High Energy Phys. 0305:046 2003.
  8. Lykken JD. 8.  Phys. Rev. D 54:3693 1996.
  9. Giddings SB, Thomas SD. 9.  Phys. Rev. D 65:056010 2002.
  10. Dimopoulos S, Landsberg GL. 10.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 87:161602 2001.
  11. Green MB, Schwarz JH. 11.  Phys. Lett. B 149:117 1984.
  12. Witten E. 12.  Nucl. Phys. B 443:85 1995.
  13. Maldacena JM. 13.  Adv. Theor. Math. Phys. 2:231 1998.
  14. Caceres E, Kaplunovsky VS, Mandelberg IM. 14.  Nucl. Phys. B 493:73 1997.
  15. Polchinski J. 15.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 75:4724 1995.
  16. Dai J, Leigh RG, Polchinski J. 16.  Mod. Phys. Lett. A 4:2073 1989.
  17. Polchinski J. 17.  String Theory 1 An Introduction to the Bosonic String. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press402 1998.
  18. Polchinski J. 18.  String Theory 2 Superstring Theory and Beyond. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press531 1998.
  19. Polyakov AM. 19.  Phys. Lett. B 103:207 1981.
  20. Friedan D, Martinec EJ, Shenker SH. 20.  Nucl. Phys. B 271:93 1986.
  21. Witten E. 21.  arXiv:1209.5461 [hep-th] 2012.
  22. Leigh RG. 22.  Mod. Phys. Lett. A 4:2767 1989.
  23. Dixon LJ, Harvey JA, Vafa C, Witten E. 23.  Nucl. Phys. B 261:678 1985.
  24. Ooguri H, Oz Y, Yin Z. 24.  Nucl. Phys. B 477:407 1996.
  25. Witten E. 25.  Nucl. Phys. B 268:253 1986.
  26. Johnson CV. 26.  D-Branes Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press548 2003.
  27. Katz SH, Klemm A, Vafa C. 27.  Nucl. Phys. B 497:173 1997.
  28. Arkani-Hamed N, Dimopoulos S, Dvali GR. 28.  Phys. Lett. B 429:263 1998.
  29. Antoniadis I, Arkani-Hamed N, Dimopoulos S, Dvali GR. 29.  Phys. Lett. B 436:257 1998.
  30. Mirabelli EA, Perelstein M, Peskin ME. 30.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 82:2236 1999.
  31. Shenker SH. 31.  The Large N Expansion in Quantum Field Theory and Statistical Physics E Brezin, SR Wadia 809 Salem, MA: World Sci 1993. Shenker SH Proc. Random Surf. Quantum Gravity191 Piscataway, NJ: Rutgers Univ. Press 1990. [Google Scholar]
  32. Horowitz GT, Strominger A. 32.  Nucl. Phys. B 360:197 1991.
  33. ’t Hooft G. 33.  Nucl. Phys. B 72:461 1974.
  34. Randall L, Sundrum R. 34.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 83:3370 1999.
  35. Randall L, Sundrum R. 35.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 83:4690 1999.
  36. Farhi E, Susskind L. 36.  Phys. Rep. 74:277 1981.
  37. Lane K. 37.  arXiv:hep–ph/0202255 2002.
  38. Berkooz M, Douglas MR, Leigh RG. 38.  Nucl. Phys. B 480:265 1996.
  39. Leigh RG, Rozali M. 39.  Phys. Rev. D 59:026004 1999.
  40. Ibáñez LE, Rabadan R, Uranga AM. 40.  Nucl. Phys. B 542:112 1999.
  41. Aldazabal G, Badagnani D, Ibáñez LE, Uranga AM. 41.  J. High Energy Phys. 9906:031 1999.
  42. Candelas P, Horowitz GT, Strominger A, Witten E. 42.  Nucl. Phys. B 258:46 1985.
  43. Georgi H, Glashow SL. 43.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 32:438 1974.
  44. Klebanov IR, Witten E. 44.  Nucl. Phys. B 664:3 2003.
  45. Nath P, Fileviez Perez P. 45.  Phys. Rep. 441:191 2007.
  46. Blumenhagen R, Cvetič M, Langacker P, Shiu G. 46.  Annu. Rev. Nucl. Part. Sci. 55:71 2005.
  47. Blumenhagen R, Kors B, Lüst D, Stieberger S. 47.  Phys. Rep. 445:1 2007.
  48. Marchesano F. 48.  Fortschr. Phys. 55:491 2007.
  49. Cremades D, Ibáñez LE, Marchesano F. 49.  J. High Energy Phys. 0307:038 2003.
  50. Cvetič M, Shiu G, Uranga AM. 50.  Nucl. Phys. B 615:3 2001.
  51. DeWolfe O, Giryavets A, Kachru S, Taylor W. 51.  J. High Energy Phys. 0507:066 2005.
  52. Grana M. 52.  Phys. Rep. 423:91 2006.
  53. Douglas MR, Kachru S. 53.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 79:733 2007.
  54. Strominger A, Yau S-T, Zaslow E. 54.  Nucl. Phys. B 479:243 1996.
  55. Douglas MR, Moore GW. 55.  arXiv:hep–th/9603167 1996.
  56. Hanany A, He Y-H. 56.  J. High Energy Phys. 9902:013 1999.
  57. Aldazabal G, Ibáñez LE, Quevedo F, Uranga AM. 57.  J. High Energy Phys. 0008:002 2000.
  58. Berenstein D, Jejjala V, Leigh RG. 58.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 88:071602 2002.
  59. Vafa C. 59.  Nucl. Phys. B 273:592 1986.
  60. Douglas MR. 60.  arXiv:hep–th/9807235 1998.
  61. Douglas MR, Fiol B. 61.  J. High Energy Phys. 0509:053 2005.
  62. Berenstein D, Leigh RG. 62.  J. High Energy Phys. 0001:038 2000.
  63. Klebanov IR, Witten E. 63.  Nucl. Phys. B 536:199 1998.
  64. Leigh RG, Strassler MJ. 64.  Nucl. Phys. B 447:95 1995.
  65. Klebanov IR, Strassler MJ. 65.  J. High Energy Phys. 0008:052 2000.
  66. Gopakumar R, Vafa C. 66.  Adv. Theor. Math. Phys. 3:1415 1999.
  67. Verlinde H, Wijnholt M. 67.  J. High Energy Phys. 0701:106 2007.
  68. Camara PG, Ibáñez LE, Uranga AM. 68.  Nucl. Phys. B 689:195 2004.
  69. Berenstein D. 69.  arXiv:hep–th/0603103 2006.
  70. Kiritsis E, Lennek M, Schellekens B. 70.  Nucl. Phys. B 829:298 2010.
  71. Anastasopoulos P, Leontaris GK, Richter R, Schellekens AN. 71.  J. High Energy Phys. 1012:011 2010.
  72. Vafa C. 72.  Nucl. Phys. B 469:403 1996.
  73. Heckman JJ, Shao J, Vafa C. 73.  J. High Energy Phys. 1009:020 2010.
  74. Maharana A, Palti E. 74.  Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 28:1330005 2013.
  75. Frampton PH, Mohapatra RN, Suh S. 75.  Phys. Lett. B 520:331 2001.
  76. Beringer J. 76.  et al. (Part. Data Group.) Phys. Rev. D 86:010001 2012.
  77. Ibáñez LE, Quevedo F. 77.  J. High Energy Phys. 9910:001 1999.
  78. Blumenhagen R, Cvetič M, Weigand T. 78.  Nucl. Phys. B 771:113 2007.
  79. Ibáñez LE, Uranga AM. 79.  J. High Energy Phys. 0703:052 2007.
  80. Cvetič M, Richter R, Weigand T. 80.  Phys. Rev. D 76:086002 2007.
  81. Cvetič M, Halverson J. 81.  arXiv:1101.2907 [hep-th] 2011.
  82. Florea B, Kachru S, McGreevy J, Saulina N. 82.  J. High Energy Phys. 0705:024 2007.
  83. Ghilencea DM, Ibáñez LE, Irges N, Quevedo F. 83.  J. High Energy Phys. 0208:016 2002.
  84. Han T, Lewis I, Liu Z. 84.  J. High Energy Phys. 1012:085 2010.
  85. Berenstein D, Pinansky S. 85.  Phys. Rev. D 75:095009 2007.
  86. Berenstein D, Martinez R, Ochoa F, Pinansky S. 86.  Phys. Rev. D 79:095005 2009.
  87. Cvetič M, Halverson J, Langacker P. 87.  J. High Energy Phys. 1111:058 2011.
  88. Anchordoqui LA. 88.  et al. Phys. Rev. D 85:086003 2012.
  89. Anastasopoulos P. 89.  et al. Phys. Rev. D 78:085014 2008.
  90. Kumar J, Rajaraman A, Wells JD. 90.  Phys. Rev. D 77:066011 2008.
  91. Langacker P. 91.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 81:1199 2009.
  92. Coriano C, Irges N, Kiritsis E. 92.  Nucl. Phys. B 746:77 2006.
  93. Ibáñez LE, Marchesano F, Rabadan R. 93.  J. High Energy Phys. 0111:002 2001.
  94. Berenstein D, Perkins E. 94.  Phys. Rev. D 82:107701 2010.
  95. Berenstein D, Perkins E. 95.  Phys. Rev. D 86:026005 2012.
  96. Turner MS. 96.  Phys. Rep. 197:67 1990.
  97. Coriano C, Irges N. 97.  arXiv:hep–ph/0612128 2006.
  98. Svrček P, Witten E. 98.  J. High Energy Phys. 0606:051 2006.
  99. Antoniadis I, Kiritsis E, Rizos J, Tomaras TN. 99.  Nucl. Phys. B 660:81 2003.
  100. Cvetič M, Langacker P. 100.  Phys. Rev. D 78:066012 2008.
  101. Cvetič M, Halverson J, Langacker P, Richter R. 101.  J. High Energy Phys. 1010:094 2010.
  102. Cvetič M, Halverson J, Piragua H. 102.  J. High Energy Phys. 1302:005 2013.
  103. Cullen S, Perelstein M, Peskin ME. 103.  Phys. Rev. D 62:055012 2000.
  104. Burikham P, Figy T, Han T. 104.  Phys. Rev. D 71:016005 2005. Burikham P, Figy T, Han T. Erratum Phys. Rev. D 71:019905 2005.
  105. Anchordoqui LA, Goldberg H, Nawata S, Taylor TR. 105.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 100:171603 2008.
  106. Anchordoqui LA, Goldberg H, Nawata S, Taylor TR. 106.  Phys. Rev. D 78:016005 2008.
  107. Lüst D, Stieberger S, Taylor TR. 107.  Nucl. Phys. B 808:1 2009.
  108. Anchordoqui LA. 108.  et al. Nucl. Phys. B 821:181 2009.
  109. Chatrchyan S. 109.  et al. (CMS Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 704:123 2011.
  110. Aad G. 110.  et al. (ATLAS Collab.) J. High Energy Phys. 1301:029 2013.
  111. Lüst D, Taylor TR. 111.  arXiv:1308.1619 [hep-ph] 2013.
  112. Lüst D, Schlotterer O, Stieberger S, Taylor TR. 112.  Nucl. Phys. B 828:139 2010.
  113. Friess JJ, Han T, Hooper D. 113.  Phys. Lett. B 547:31 2002.
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025342
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025342
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error