1932

Abstract

In the paradigm of three generations, neutrino mixing is described by three angles and a -violating phase. With the recent observation of electron antineutrino disappearance at baselines of 1 to 2 km from groups of reactors, the smallest neutrino mixing angle, , has been unambiguously determined. The rather large value of enables the pursuit of violation and mass hierarchy in the neutrino sector. This review summarizes the progress of measurements of and highlights future prospects.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025705
2015-10-19
2024-04-23
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nucl/65/1/annurev-nucl-102313-025705.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025705&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Pauli W Jr. 1.  Address to group on radioactivity Presented at Reg. Meet. Radioact. Group, Tübingen, Ger., Dec 4 1930.
  2. Cowan CL Jr.. 2.  et al. Science 124:104 1956.
  3. Danby G. 3.  et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 9:36 1962.
  4. Perl ML. 4.  et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 35:1489 1975.
  5. Kodama K. 5.  et al. (DONUT Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 504:218 2001.
  6. Schael S. 6.  et al. Phys. Rep. 427:257 2006.
  7. Pontecorvo B. 7.  Sov. Phys. JETP 6:429 1958. Pontecorvo B Sov. Phys. JETP 7:172 1958.
  8. Maki Z, Nakagawa M, Sakata S. 8.  Prog. Theor. Phys. 28:870 1962.
  9. Pontecorvo B. 9.  Sov. Phys. JETP 26:984 1968.
  10. Bilenky SM, Pontecorvo B. 10.  Nuovo Cim. Lett. 17:569 1976. Bilenky SM, Pontecorvo B Phys. Rep. 41:225 1978.
  11. Wolfenstein L. 11.  Phys. Rev. D 17:2369 1978. Mikheev SP, Smirnov AY Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 42:913 1985. Barger VD, Whisnant K, Pakvas S, Phillips RJN Phys. Rev. D 22:2718 1980.
  12. Arafune J, Koike M, Sato J. 12.  Phys. Rev. D 56:3093 1997.
  13. Itow Y. 13.  et al. arXiv:hep-ex/0106019 2001.
  14. Davis R Jr, Harmer DS, Hoffman KC. 14.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 20:1205 1968. Cleveland BT et al. Astrophys. J. 496:505 1988.
  15. Hirata KS. 15.  et al. (Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 63:16 1989. Fukuda Y, et al. (Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 77:1683 1996.
  16. Abazov AI. 16.  et al. (SAGE Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 67:3332 1991. Abdurashitov JN, et al. (SAGE Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 328:234 1994. Abdurashitov JN, et al. (SAGE Collab.) Phys. Rev. C 80:015807 2009.
  17. Hampel W. 17.  et al. (GALLAX Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 447:127 1999. Altmann M et al. (GNO Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 616:174 2005.
  18. Fukuda Y. 18.  et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 81:1158 1998. Abe K et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 83:052010 2011.
  19. Bellini G. 19.  et al. (Borexino Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 108:051302 2012. Bellini G, et al. (Borexino Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 89:112007 2014.
  20. Ahmad QR. 20.  et al. (SNO Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 87:071301 2001. Ahmad QR, et al. (SNO Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 89:011301 2002.
  21. Eguchi K. 21.  et al. (KamLAND Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 90:021802 2003. Araki T, et al. (KamLAND Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 94:081801 2005.
  22. Hirata KS. 22.  et al. (Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 280:146 1992.
  23. Fukuda Y. 23.  et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 81:1562 1998.
  24. Aliu E. 24.  et al. (K2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 94:081802 2005. Ahn MH et al. (K2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 74:072003 2006. Yamamoto S, et al. (K2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 96:181801 2006.
  25. Michael DG. 25.  et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 97:191801 2006. Adamson P, et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 101:131802 2008. Adamson P, et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 82:051102 2010.
  26. Olive KA. 26.  et al. (Part. Data Group) Chin. Phys. C 38:090001 2014.
  27. Ashie Y. 27.  et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 93:101801 2004. Ashie Y et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 71:112005 2005. Wendell R, et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 81:092004 2010.
  28. Abe K. 28.  et al. (T2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 111:211803 2013.
  29. Adamson P. 29.  et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:181802 2011. Adamson P et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 110:251801 2013.
  30. Apollonio M. 30.  et al. (CHOOZ Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 466:415 1999. Apollonio M, et al. (CHOOZ Collab.) Eur. Phys. J. C 27:331 2003.
  31. Boehm F. 31.  et al. (Palo Verde Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 84:3764 2000. Boehm F, et al. (Palo Verde Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 64:112002 2010.
  32. Yamamoto S. 32.  et al. (K2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 96:181801 2006.
  33. Adamson P. 33.  et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 82:051102 2010.
  34. Wendell R. 34.  et al. (Super-Kamiokande Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 81:092004 2010.
  35. Aharmim B. 35.  et al. (SNO Collab.) Phys. Rev. C 81:055504 2010.
  36. Gando A. 36.  et al. (KamLAND Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 83:052002 2011.
  37. Abe K. 37.  et al. (T2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:041801 2011.
  38. Adamson P. 38.  et al. (MINOS Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 107:181802 2011.
  39. Abe Y. 39.  et al. (Double Chooz Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 108:131801 2012.
  40. Fogli GL. 40.  et al. Phys. Rev. D 84:053007 2011.
  41. Schwetz T. 41.  et al. New J. Phys. 13:109401 2011.
  42. An FP. 42.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 108:171803 2012.
  43. Ahn JK. 43.  et al. (RENO Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 108:191802 2012.
  44. Abe K. 44.  et al. (T2K Collab.) Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 659:106 2011. [Google Scholar]
  45. Abe K. 45.  et al. (T2K Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:061802 2014.
  46. Kopeikin V, Mikaelyan LA, Sinev VV. 46.  Phys. At. Nucl. 67:1892 2004.
  47. Djurcic Z. 47.  et al. J. Phys. G 36:045002 2009.
  48. Mueller TA. 48.  et al. Phys. Rev. C 83:054615 2011. Huber P Phys. Rev. C 84:024617 2011.
  49. Hayes A. 49.  et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:202501 2014.
  50. Schreckenbach K. 50.  et al. Phys. Lett. B 160:325 1985. Von Feilitzsch F, Hahn AA, Schreckenbach K Phys. Lett. B 118:162 1982. Hahn AA et al. Phys. Lett. B 218:365 1989. Haag N et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:122501 2014.
  51. Carter RE. 51.  et al. Phys. Rev. 113:280 1959.
  52. Vogel P. 52.  et al. Phys. Rev. C 24:1543 1981. Vogel P Phys. Rev. C 76:025504 2007.
  53. Dwyer D, Langford TJ. 53.  Phys. Rev. Lett. 114:012502 2015.
  54. Vogel P. 54.  Phys. Rev. D 29:1918 1984. Vogel P, Beacom JF Phys. Rev. D 60:053003 1999.
  55. Bemporad C, Gratta G, Vogel P. 55.  Rev. Mod. Phys. 74:297 2002.
  56. Yeh M, Garnov A, Hahn RL. 56.  Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 578:329 2007. Park JS, et al. (RENO Collab.) Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 707:45 2013.
  57. Beriguete W. 57.  et al. Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 763:82 2014.
  58. Mikaelyan LA, Sinev VV. 58.  Phys. At. Nucl. 63:1002 2000.
  59. Dwyer D. 59.  Precision measurement of neutrino oscillation parameters with KamLAND PhD thesis, Dep. Phys., Univ. Calif., Berkeley. 205 2007.
  60. An FP. 60.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 685:78 2012.
  61. Band HR. 61.  et al. J. Instrum. 8:T11006 2013. An FP et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Nucl. Instrum. Methods A 773:8 2015.
  62. An FP. 62.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Chin. Phys. C 37:011001 2013.
  63. An FP. 63.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:061801 2014.
  64. An FP. 64.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 90:071101R 2014.
  65. An FP. 65.  et al. (Daya Bay Collab.) arXiv:1505.03456 [hep-ex] 2015.
  66. Abe Y. 66.  et al. (Double Chooz Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 86:052008 2012.
  67. Abe Y. 67.  et al. (Double Chooz Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 723:66 2013.
  68. de Kerret H. 68.  Results from Double Chooz Presented at Presented at Int. Conf. Neutrino Phys. Astrophys., 26th, Boston, 2–7 June 2014.
  69. Abe Y. 69.  et al. (Double Chooz Collab.) Phys. Rev. D 87:011102R 2013.
  70. Abe Y. 70.  et al. (Double Chooz Collab.) Phys. Lett. B 735:51 2014.
  71. Seo S-H. 71.  New results from RENO Presented at Int. Workshop Neutrino Telesc., 15th, Venice, Italy, 11–15 March (2013); Seo S-H. Recent results from RENO. Presented at Int. Conf. Top. Astropart. Undergr. Phys., 13th, Asilomar, Calif. 8–13 Sep. 2013.
  72. Seo S-H. 72.  Results from RENO Presented at Int. Conf. Neutrino Phys. Astrophys., 26th, Boston, 2–7 June 2014.
  73. Kim S-B. 73.  New results from RENO and prospects with RENO-50 Presented at Neutrino Oscillation Workshop, Otranto, Italy, 7–14 Sep. 2014.
  74. Zhong W. 74.  Measurement of reactor antineutrino flux and spectrum at Daya Bay Presented at the 37th Int. Conf. High Energy Phys., Valencia, Spain, 2–9 July 2014.
  75. Kettell S. 75.  et al. arXiv1307.7419 [hep-ex] 2013.
  76. Ayres DS. 76.  et al. arXivhep–ex/0503053 2005.
  77. Abe K. 77.  et al. (Hyper-Kamiokande Work. Group) arXiv1309.0184 [hep-ex] 2013.
  78. Agostino L. 78.  et al. (MEMPHYS Collab.) J. Cosmol. Astropart. Phys. 01:024 2013.
  79. Aartsen A. 79.  et al. (PINGU Collab.) arXiv1306.5846 [astro-ph] 2013.
  80. Adams C. 80.  et al. (LBNE Collab.) arXiv1307.7335 [hep-ex] 2013.
  81. Thakore T. 81.  et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1305:058 2013.
  82. Beringer J. 82.  et al. (Part. Data Group) Phys. Rev. D 86:010001 2012.
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025705
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102313-025705
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error