1932

Abstract

In recent years charm physics has undergone a renaissance, which has been catalyzed by an unexpected and impressive set of experimental results from the factories, the Tevatron, and LHCb. The existence of oscillations is now well established, and the recent discovery of violation in 0 decays has further renewed interest in the charm sector. In this article, we review the current status of charm-mixing and -violation measurements and assess their agreement with theoretical predictions within the Standard Model and beyond. We look forward to the great improvements in experimental precision that can be expected over the coming two decades and to the prospects for corresponding advances in theoretical understanding.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102419-124613
2021-09-21
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nucl/71/1/annurev-nucl-102419-124613.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102419-124613&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. 1. 
    Glashow SL, Iliopoulos J, Maiani L Phys. Rev. D 2:1285 1970.
    [Google Scholar]
  2. 2. 
    Aubert JJ et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 33:1404 1974.
    [Google Scholar]
  3. 3. 
    Augustin JE et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 33:1406 1974.
    [Google Scholar]
  4. 4. 
    Buras A Gauge Theories of Weak Decays Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  5. 5. 
    Cabibbo N Phys. Rev. Lett. 10:531 1963.
    [Google Scholar]
  6. 6. 
    Kobayashi M, Maskawa T Prog. Theor. Phys. 49:652 1973.
    [Google Scholar]
  7. 7. 
    Buchalla G, Buras AJ, Lautenbacher ME Rev. Mod. Phys. 68:1125 1996.
    [Google Scholar]
  8. 8. 
    Charles J et al. Eur. Phys. J. C 41:1 2005.
    [Google Scholar]
  9. 9. 
    Bona M et al. J. High Energy Phys 0610:081 2006.
    [Google Scholar]
  10. 10. 
    Ko B et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:111801 (2014). Erratum. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:139903 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  11. 11. 
    Lees J et al. Phys. Rev. D 93:112014 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  12. 12. 
    Peng T et al. Phys. Rev. D 89:091103 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  13. 13. 
    Aaltonen TA et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 111:231802 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  14. 14. 
    Aaltonen T et al. Phys. Rev. D 86:032007 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  15. 15. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. D 97:031101 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  16. 16. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Lett. B 740:158 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  17. 17. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:231802 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  18. 18. 
    Kou E et al. Prog. Theor. Exp. Phys. 2019:123C01 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  19. 19. 
    Bediaga I et al. arXiv:1808.08865 [hep-ex] 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  20. 20. 
    Aaij R et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1603:159 (2016). Erratum. J. High Energy Phys. 1609:13 (2016). Erratum. J. High Energy Phys. 1705:74 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  21. 21. 
    Ablikim M et al. Chin. Phys. C 44:040001 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  22. 22. 
    Ablikim M et al. Phys. Rev. D 101:112002 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  23. 23. 
    Luo Q et al. Progress of conceptual study for the accelerators of a 2-7GeV super tau charm facility at China. Proceedings of the 10th International Particle Accelerator Conference ed. M Boland, H Tanaka, D Button, R Dowd, VRW Schaa, E Tan, pp. 643–45. Geneva: JACoW Publ. 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. 24. 
    Eidelman S Nucl. Part. Phys. Proc. 260:238 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  25. 25. 
    Abada A et al. Eur. Phys. J. C 79:474 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  26. 26. 
    Ahdida CC et al. SPS Beam Dump Facility comprehensive design study Tech. Rep. CERN-PBC-REPORT-2018-001, CERN, Geneva 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  27. 27. 
    Ellis RK et al. (Eur. Strategy Part. Phys. Prep. Group) arXiv:1910.11775 [hep-ex] 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. 28. 
    Nierste U arXiv:0904.1869 [hep-ph] 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  29. 29. 
    Jubb T, Kirk M, Lenz A, Tetlalmatzi-Xolocotzi G Nucl. Phys. B 915:431 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  30. 30. 
    Kagan AL, Sokoloff MD Phys. Rev. D 80:076008 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. 31. 
    Kagan AL, Silvestrini L arXiv:2001.07207 [hep-ph] 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. 32. 
    Bergmann S et al. Phys. Lett. B 486:418 2000.
    [Google Scholar]
  33. 33. 
    Nir Y CP violation in meson decays. Particle Physics Beyond the Standard Model 84 Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2005 ed. D Kazakov, S Lavignac, J Dalibard, pp. 79–145. Amsterdam, Netherlands: Elsevier 2006.
    [Google Scholar]
  34. 34. 
    Khoze VA, Shifman MA Sov. Phys. Usp. 26:387 1983.
    [Google Scholar]
  35. 35. 
    Shifman MA, Voloshin M Sov. J. Nucl. Phys. 41:120 1985.
    [Google Scholar]
  36. 36. 
    Bigi II, Uraltsev N Phys. Lett. B 280:271 1992.
    [Google Scholar]
  37. 37. 
    Bigi II, Uraltsev N, Vainshtein A Phys. Lett. B 293:430 (1992). Erratum. Phys. Lett. B 297:477 1992.
    [Google Scholar]
  38. 38. 
    Blok B, Shifman MA Nucl. Phys. B 399:441 1993.
    [Google Scholar]
  39. 39. 
    Blok B, Shifman MA Nucl. Phys. B 399:459 1993.
    [Google Scholar]
  40. 40. 
    Beneke M et al. Phys. Lett. B 459:631 1999.
    [Google Scholar]
  41. 41. 
    Lenz A Int. J. Mod. Phys. A 30:1543005 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  42. 42. 
    Artuso M, Borissov G, Lenz A Rev. Mod. Phys. 88:045002 (2016). Erratum. Rev. Mod. Phys. 91:049901 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  43. 43. 
    Kirk M, Lenz A, Rauh T J. High Energy Phys. 1712:68 (2017). Erratum. J. High Energy Phys. 2006:162 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  44. 44. 
    Lenz A, Rauh T Phys. Rev. D 88:034004 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  45. 45. 
    Carrasco N et al. Phys. Rev. D 90:014502 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  46. 46. 
    Carrasco N et al. Phys. Rev. D 92:034516 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  47. 47. 
    Bazavov A et al. Phys. Rev. D 97:034513 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  48. 48. 
    Lenz A Proc. Sci. CHARM2016:003 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  49. 49. 
    Lenz A, Piscopo ML, Vlahos C Phys. Rev. D 102:093002 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  50. 50. 
    Georgi H Phys. Lett. B 297:353 1992.
    [Google Scholar]
  51. 51. 
    Ohl T, Ricciardi G, Simmons EH Nucl. Phys. B 403:605 1993.
    [Google Scholar]
  52. 52. 
    Bigi II, Uraltsev NG Nucl. Phys. B 592:92 2001.
    [Google Scholar]
  53. 53. 
    Bobrowski M, Lenz A, Riedl J, Rohrwild J J. High Energy Phys. 1003:9 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  54. 54. 
    Bobrowski M, Lenz A, Rauh T arXiv:1208.6438 [hep-ph] 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  55. 55. 
    Asatrian H, Hovhannisyan A, Nierste U, Yeghiazaryan A J. High Energy Phys. 1710:191 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  56. 56. 
    Asatrian HM et al. Phys. Rev. D 102:033007 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  57. 57. 
    Wolfenstein L Phys. Lett. B 164:170 1985.
    [Google Scholar]
  58. 58. 
    Donoghue JF, Golowich E, Holstein BR, Trampetic J Phys. Rev. D 33:179 1986.
    [Google Scholar]
  59. 59. 
    Falk AF, Grossman Y, Ligeti Z, Petrov AA Phys. Rev. D 65:054034 2002.
    [Google Scholar]
  60. 60. 
    Cheng HY, Chiang CW Phys. Rev. D 81:114020 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  61. 61. 
    Jiang HY et al. Chin. Phys. C 42:063101 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  62. 62. 
    Hansen MT, Sharpe SR Phys. Rev. D 86:016007 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  63. 63. 
    Falk AF et al. Phys. Rev. D 69:114021 2004.
    [Google Scholar]
  64. 64. 
    Li HN, Umeeda H, Xu F, Yu FS Phys. Lett. B 810:135802 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  65. 65. 
    Amhis YS et al. arXiv:1909.12524 [hep-ex] 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  66. 66. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 110:101802 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  67. 67. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:011802 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  68. 68. 
    Zupanc A et al. Phys. Rev. D 80:052006 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  69. 69. 
    Starič M et al. Phys. Lett. B 753:412 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  70. 70. 
    Aaltonen TA et al. Phys. Rev. D 90:111103 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  71. 71. 
    Lees J et al. Phys. Rev. D 87:012004 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  72. 72. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 118:261803 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  73. 73. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. D 101:012005 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  74. 74. 
    Nayak M et al. Phys. Rev. D 102:071102(R) 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  75. 75. 
    Malde S, Thomas C, Wilkinson G Phys. Rev. D 91:094032 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  76. 76. 
    Harnew S, Rademacker J Phys. Lett. B 728:296 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  77. 77. 
    Atwood D, Soni A Phys. Rev. D 68:033003 2003.
    [Google Scholar]
  78. 78. 
    Lowrey N et al. Phys. Rev. D 80:031105 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  79. 79. 
    Evans T et al. Phys. Lett. B 757:520 (2016). Erratum. Phys. Lett. B 765:402 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  80. 80. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116:241801 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  81. 81. 
    Evans T, Libby J, Malde S, Wilkinson G Phys. Lett. B 802:135188 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  82. 82. 
    Aubert B et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 103:211801 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  83. 83. 
    Asner D et al. Phys. Rev. D 72:012001 2005.
    [Google Scholar]
  84. 84. 
    Libby J et al. Phys. Rev. D 82:112006 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  85. 85. 
    Bondar A, Poluektov A, Vorobiev V Phys. Rev. D 82:034033 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  86. 86. 
    Thomas C, Wilkinson G J. High Energy Phys. 1210:185 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  87. 87. 
    Di Canto A et al. Phys. Rev. D 99:012007 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  88. 88. 
    del Amo Sanchez P et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 105:081803 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  89. 89. 
    Abe K et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 99:131803 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  90. 90. 
    Golowich E, Hewett J, Pakvasa S, Petrov AA Phys. Rev. D 76:095009 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  91. 91. 
    Silvestrini L arXiv:1510.05797 [hep-ph] 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  92. 92. 
    Bona M et al. J. High Energy Phys. 0803:049 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  93. 93. 
    Bause R, Gisbert H, Golz M, Hiller G Phys. Rev. D 101:115006 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  94. 94. 
    Fajfer S, Košnik N Phys. Rev. D 87:054026 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  95. 95. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Lett. B 767:177 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  96. 96. 
    Aaltonen T et al. Phys. Rev. D 85:012009 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  97. 97. 
    Nisar N et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 112:211601 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  98. 98. 
    Dash N et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 119:171801 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  99. 99. 
    Babu V et al. Phys. Rev. D 97:011101 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  100. 100. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:191803 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  101. 101. 
    Mendez H et al. Phys. Rev. D 81:052013 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  102. 102. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 122:211803 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  103. 103. 
    Aaij R et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1407:41 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  104. 104. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 116:191601 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  105. 105. 
    Zyla P et al. PTEP 2020:083C01 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  106. 106. 
    Grossman Y, Kagan AL, Nir Y Phys. Rev. D 75:036008 2007.
    [Google Scholar]
  107. 107. 
    Bigi II, Paul A, Recksiegel S J. High Energy Phys. 1106:89 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  108. 108. 
    Lenz A arXiv:1311.6447 [hep-ph] 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  109. 109. 
    Grossman Y, Schacht S J. High Energy Phys. 1907:20 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  110. 110. 
    Balitsky I, Braun VM, Kolesnichenko A Nucl. Phys. B 312:509 1989.
    [Google Scholar]
  111. 111. 
    Khodjamirian A, Petrov AA Phys. Lett. B 774:235 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  112. 112. 
    Chala M, Lenz A, Rusov AV, Scholtz J J. High Energy Phys. 1907:161 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  113. 113. 
    Nierste U Proc. Sci. Beauty2019:048 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  114. 114. 
    Cheng HY, Chiang CW Phys. Rev. D 100:093002 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  115. 115. 
    Dery A, Nir Y J. High Energy Phys. 1912:104 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  116. 116. 
    Müller S, Nierste U, Schacht S Phys. Rev. Lett. 115:251802 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  117. 117. 
    Brod J, Kagan AL, Zupan J Phys. Rev. D 86:014023 2012.
    [Google Scholar]
  118. 118. 
    Bause R, Golz M, Hiller G, Tayduganov A Eur. Phys. J. C 80:65 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  119. 119. 
    Nierste U, Schacht S Phys. Rev. D 92:054036 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  120. 120. 
    Nierste U, Schacht S Phys. Rev. Lett. 119:251801 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  121. 121. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Lett. B 728:585 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  122. 122. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Rev. D 93:052018 2016.
    [Google Scholar]
  123. 123. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Lett. B 769:345 2017.
    [Google Scholar]
  124. 124. 
    Aaij R et al. Phys. Lett. B 726:623 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  125. 125. 
    Aaij R et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1902:126 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  126. 126. 
    Aaij R et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1410:5 2014.
    [Google Scholar]
  127. 127. 
    Lees J et al. Phys. Rev. D 87:052010 2013.
    [Google Scholar]
  128. 128. 
    Aubert B et al. Phys. Rev. D 78:051102 2008.
    [Google Scholar]
  129. 129. 
    Lees J et al. Phys. Rev. D 84:031103 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  130. 130. 
    del Amo Sanchez P et al. Phys. Rev. D 81:111103 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  131. 131. 
    Kim J et al. Phys. Rev. D 99:011104 2019.
    [Google Scholar]
  132. 132. 
    Bediaga I et al. Phys. Rev. D 80:096006 2009.
    [Google Scholar]
  133. 133. 
    Williams M J. Instrum. 5:P09004 2010.
    [Google Scholar]
  134. 134. 
    Henze N Ann. Stat. 16:772 1988.
    [Google Scholar]
  135. 135. 
    Schilling MF J. Am. Stat. Assoc. 81:799 1986.
    [Google Scholar]
  136. 136. 
    Williams M Phys. Rev. D 84:054015 2011.
    [Google Scholar]
  137. 137. 
    Bigi II arXiv:hep-ph/0107102 2001.
    [Google Scholar]
  138. 138. 
    Durieux G, Grossman Y Phys. Rev. D 92:076013 2015.
    [Google Scholar]
  139. 139. 
    Aaij R et al. J. High Energy Phys. 1803:182 2018.
    [Google Scholar]
  140. 140. 
    Aaij R et al. Eur. Phys. J. C 80:986 2020.
    [Google Scholar]
  141. 141. 
    Korner J, Kramer M Phys. Lett. B 275:495 1992.
    [Google Scholar]
  142. 142. 
    Hinson J et al. Phys. Rev. Lett. 94:191801 2005.
    [Google Scholar]
  143. 143. 
    Link J et al. Phys. Lett. B 634:165 2006.
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102419-124613
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nucl-102419-124613
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error