1932

Abstract

The microbial community colonizing the gastrointestinal tract, collectively termed the gut microbiota, is an important element of the host organism due to its impact on multiple aspects of health. The digestion of food, secretion of immunostimulatory molecules, performance of chemical reactions in the intestine, and production of metabolites by the microbiota contribute to host homeostasis and disease. Recent discoveries indicate that these major functions are not constantly performed over the course of a day, but rather undergo diurnal fluctuations due to compositional and biogeographical oscillations in the microbiota. Here, we summarize the characteristics and origins of diurnal microbiome rhythms as well as their functional consequences for the circadian biology of the host. We describe the major known pathways of circadian host-microbiome communication and discuss possible implications of altered diurnal microbiome rhythms for human disease.

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2022-08-22
2024-04-22
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