1932

Abstract

I came of age as a nutrition scientist during the best of times—years that spanned a rapidly changing world of food and nutrition science, politics, and policy that greatly broadened the specialty and its influence on public affairs. I followed the conventional route in academe, working my way up the academic ladder in Boston from a base first in a school of public health and later in a teaching hospital and medical school, interspersed with stints in Washington, DC. Thus I tell a tale of two cities. Those were the best of times because nutrition science and policy converged and led to important policies and programs that shaped the field for the next 50 years.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nutr-071816-064932
2017-08-21
2024-06-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/nutr/37/1/annurev-nutr-071816-064932.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nutr-071816-064932&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Adlercreutz H, Fotsis T, Heikkinen R, Dwyer JT, Goldin BR, Gorbach SL. 1.  1982. Excretion of the lignins enterolactone and enterodiol and of equol in omnivorous and vegetarian postmenopausal women and in women with breast cancer. Lancet 2:1295–99 [Google Scholar]
  2. Adlercreutz H, Fotsis T, Heikkinen R, Dwyer JT, Woods M. 2.  et al. 1981. Diet and urinary excretion of lignins in female subjects. Med. Biol 59:259–61 [Google Scholar]
  3. Adlercreutz H, Hamalainen E, Gorbach SL, Goldin BR, Woods M, Dwyer JT. 3.  1989. Diet and plasma androgens in postmenopausal vegetarian and omnivorous women and postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 49:433–42 [Google Scholar]
  4. Altwajiri Y, Day RS, Harrist RB, Dwyer JT, Ausman LR, Labarthe D. 4.  2009. Sexual maturation in children affects diet-blood cholesterol association in children. Am. J. Prev. Med. 109:1048–57 [Google Scholar]
  5. Balentine DA, Dwyer JT, Erdman JW, Ferruzzi M, Gaine C. 5.  et al. 2015. Recommendations on reporting requirements for flavonoids in research. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 101:1113–25 [Google Scholar]
  6. Bobe G, Peterson JJ, Gridley G, Hyer M, Dwyer JT, Brown LM. 6.  2009. Flavonoid consumption and esophageal cancer among black and white men in the United States. Int. J. Cancer 125:1147–54 [Google Scholar]
  7. Casey VA, Dwyer JT, Berkey CS, Bailey SM, Coleman KA, Valadian I. 7.  1994. The distribution of body fat from childhood to adulthood in a longitudinal study population. Ann. Hum. Biol. 21:39–55 [Google Scholar]
  8. Casey VA, Dwyer JT, Berkey CS, Coleman KA, Gardner J, Valadian I. 8.  1991. Long-term memory of body weight and past weight satisfaction: a longitudinal follow-up study. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 53:1493–98 [Google Scholar]
  9. Casey VA, Dwyer JT, Coleman KA, Krall EA, Gardner J, Valadian I. 9.  1991. Accuracy of recall by middle-aged participants in a longitudinal study of their body size and indices of maturation earlier in life. Ann. Hum. Biol. 18:155–66 [Google Scholar]
  10. Casey VA, Dwyer JT, Coleman KA, Valadian I. 10.  1992. Body mass index from childhood to middle age: a 50-year follow-up. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 56:14–18 [Google Scholar]
  11. Castaneda C, Gordon PL, Uhlin KL, Levey AS, Kehayias JJ. 11.  et al. 2001. Resistance training to counteract the catabolism of a low protein diet in patients with chronic renal insufficiency. A randomized, controlled trail. Ann. Int. Med. 135:965–76 [Google Scholar]
  12. Chao S, Dwyer J. 12.  2004. Food and nutrition services in assisted living facilities: boon or big disappointment for elder nutrition?. Generations 28:72–77 [Google Scholar]
  13. Chao S, Dwyer J, Houser R, Tennstedt S, Jacques P. 13.  2990. What food and nutrition services should be regulated in assisted living facilities for older adults?. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 109:1048–57 [Google Scholar]
  14. Chao S, Dwyer J, Tennstedt S, Jacques P, Houser R. 14.  2007. Food and nutrition care indicators: experts’ views on quality indicators for food and nutrition services in assisted living facilities for elders. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 107:1590–98 [Google Scholar]
  15. Coleman KA, Dwyer JT, Casey V. 15.  1994. Accuracy of memories from childhood and adolescence related to growth and size. Curr. Psychol. 13:233–40 [Google Scholar]
  16. Couris R, Tataronis G, McCloskey W, Singer D, Oertel L. 16.  et al. 2006. Dietary vitamin K variability affects International Normalized Ratio (INR) coagulation indices. Int. J. Vitam. Nutr. 76:65–74264–67 [Google Scholar]
  17. Dickens C. 17.  1959. A Tale of Two Cities Philadelphia: TB Peterson & Brothers [Google Scholar]
  18. Dwyer JT. 18.  1980. Diets for children and adolescents that meet the dietary goals. Am. J. Dis. Child. 134:1073–80 [Google Scholar]
  19. Dwyer JT, Andrew EM, Berkey C, Valadian I, Reed RB. 19.  1983. Growth in “new” vegetarian preschool children using the Jenss-Bayley curve fitting technique. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 37:815–27 [Google Scholar]
  20. Dwyer JT, Andrew EM, Valadian I, Reed RB. 20.  1980. Size, obesity and leanness in vegetarian preschool children. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 77:434–39 [Google Scholar]
  21. Dwyer JT, Berman E. 21.  1978. Battling the bulge: a continuing struggle. Two-year follow-up of successful losers in a commercial dieting concern. Proc. 2nd Int. Conf. Obes AN Howard 277–94 Washington, DC: Butterworth's [Google Scholar]
  22. Dwyer JT, Bye RL, Holt PL, Lauze SR. 22.  1988. Unproven nutrition therapies for AIDS: What is the evidence?. Nutr. Today 23:25–33 [Google Scholar]
  23. Dwyer JT, Coleman KA. 23.  1997. Insights on dietary recall from a longitudinal study: accuracy over four decades. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 65:1153S–58S [Google Scholar]
  24. Dwyer JT, Cunniff PJ, Maroni BJ, Kopple JD, Burrowes JD. 24.  et al. 1998. The hemodialysis pilot study: nutrition program and participant characteristics at baseline. The HEMO Study Group. J. Renal Nutr. 8:11–20 [Google Scholar]
  25. Dwyer JT, Dietz WH, Andrews EM, Suskind RM. 25.  1982. Nutritional status of vegetarian children. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 35:204–16 [Google Scholar]
  26. Dwyer JT, Dietz WH, Hass G, Suskind R. 26.  1979. Risk of nutritional rickets among vegetarian children. Am. J. Dis. Child. 133:134–40 [Google Scholar]
  27. Dwyer JT, Elder JP, Montgomery DH, Parcel GS, Perry CI. 27.  et al. 1997. School meal programs: year 2000 and beyond. Sch. Food Serv. Res. Rev. 20:Suppl.3–5 [Google Scholar]
  28. Dwyer JT, Evans M, Stone EJ, Feldman HA, Lytle L. 28.  et al. 2001. Adolescents’ eating patterns influence their nutrient intakes. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 101:798–802 [Google Scholar]
  29. Dwyer JT, Feldman HA, Yang M, Webber LS, Must A. 29.  et al. 2002. Maintenance of lightweight correlates with decreased cardiovascular risk factors in early adolescence. J. Adolesc. Health 31:117–24 [Google Scholar]
  30. Dwyer JT, Feldman JJ, Mayer J. 30.  1967. Adolescent dieters: Who are they? Physical characteristics, attitudes and dieting practices of adolescent girls. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 20:1045–56 [Google Scholar]
  31. Dwyer JT, Feldman JJ, Mayer J. 31.  1970. The social psychology of dieting. J. Health Soc. Behav. 11:269–87 [Google Scholar]
  32. Dwyer JT, Gardner J, Halvorsen K, Krall EA, Cohen A, Valadian I. 32.  1989. Memory of food intake in the distant past. Am. J. Epidemiol. 30:1033–46 [Google Scholar]
  33. Dwyer JT, Hewes LV, Mitchell PD, Nicklas TA, Montgomery DH. 33.  et al. 1996. Improving school breakfasts: effects of the CATCH Eat-Smart Program on the nutrient content of school breakfasts. Prev. Med. 25:413–22 [Google Scholar]
  34. Dwyer JT, Holden JM, Andrews K, Roseland J, Zhao C. 34.  et al. 2007. Measuring vitamins and minerals in dietary supplements for nutrition studies in the USA. Anal. Bioanal. Chem. 389:37–46 [Google Scholar]
  35. Dwyer JT, Kandel RF, Mayer L, Mayer J, Dowd K. 35.  1974. The “new” vegetarians: group affiliation and dietary strictures related to attitudes and lifestyle. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 64:376–82 [Google Scholar]
  36. Dwyer JT, LaRive B, Leung J, Rocco M, Burrowes JD. 36.  et al. 2002. Nutritional status affects quality of life in Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study patients at baseline. J. Renal Nutr. 12:213–23 [Google Scholar]
  37. Dwyer JT, LaRive B, Leung J, Rocco MV, Greene T. 37.  et al. 2005. Are nutritional status indicators associated with mortality in the Hemodialysis (HEMO) Study?. Kidney Int 68:1–11 [Google Scholar]
  38. Dwyer JT, Madans JH, Turnbull B, Cornoni-Huntley J, Dresser C, Everett DF. 38.  1994. Diet, indicators of kidney disease, and later mortality among older persons in the NHANES I Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study. J. Am. Public Health 84:1299–307 [Google Scholar]
  39. Dwyer JT, Mayer J. 39.  1974. A preventive program for obesity control: five-year follow-up on the success of an educational endeavor to influence physical activity and diet among thirteen-year-old girls. Obesity WL Burland, PD Samuel, J Yudken 253–70 London: Churchill Livingstone [Google Scholar]
  40. Dwyer JT, Mayer J. 40.  1975. Beyond economics and nutrition: the complex basis of food policy. Science 188:566–70 [Google Scholar]
  41. Dwyer JT, Miller LG, Arduino NL, Andrew EM, Dietz WH. 41.  et al. 1980. Mental age and IQ of predominantly vegetarian children. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 76:142–47 [Google Scholar]
  42. Dwyer J, Nahin RL, Rogers GT, Barnes PM, Jacques PM. 42.  et al. 2013. Prevalence and predictors of children's dietary supplement use: the 2007 National Health Interview Survey. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 97:1331–37 [Google Scholar]
  43. Dwyer J, Peterson J, Winters B, Liu W, Mitchell DC, Atkinson K. 43.  2008. Do flavonoid intakes of postmenopausal women with breast cancer vary on very low fat diets?. Nutr. Cancer 60:450–60 [Google Scholar]
  44. Dwyer JT, Picciano MF, Betz JM, Coates PM. 44.  2004. Mission and activities of the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. J. Food Comp. Anal. 17:493–500 [Google Scholar]
  45. Dwyer JT, Picciano MF, Betz JM, Fisher KD, Saldanha LG. 45.  et al. 2008. Progress in developing analytical and label-based dietary supplement databases at the NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. J. Food Comp. Anal. 21:S83–93 [Google Scholar]
  46. Dwyer J, Picciano MF, Raiten DJ. 46.  Memb. Steer. Comm. 2003. Collection of food and dietary supplement intake data: What We Eat in America—NHANES. J. Nutr. 133:590S–600S [Google Scholar]
  47. Dwyer J, Picciano MF, Raiten DJ. 47.  Memb. Steer. Comm. 2003. Estimation of usual intakes: What We Eat in America—NHANES. J. Nutr. 133:609S–23S [Google Scholar]
  48. Dwyer J, Picciano MF, Raiten DJ. 48.  Memb. Steer. Comm. 2003. Food and dietary supplement databases for What We Eat in America-NHANES. J. Nutr. 133:624S–34S [Google Scholar]
  49. Dwyer J, Picciano MF, Raiten DJ. 49.  Memb. Steer. Comm. 2003. Future directions for the integrated CSFII-NHANES: What We Eat in America-NHANES. J. Nutr. 133:576S–81S [Google Scholar]
  50. Dwyer JT, Saldanha LG, Bailey R, Costello RB, Betz JM. 50.  et al. 2014. A free new dietary supplement label database for registered dietitian nutritionists. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 114:1512–17 [Google Scholar]
  51. Dwyer JT, Salvato-Schille AM, Coulston A, Casey VA, Cooper WC, Selles WD. 51.  1995. The use of unconventional remedies among HIV-positive men living in California. J. Assoc. Nurses AIDS Care 6:17–28 [Google Scholar]
  52. Dwyer JT, Stone EJ, Yang M, Feldman H, Webber LS. 52.  et al. 1998. Predictors of overweight and overfatness in a multiethnic pediatric population. Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health Collaborative Research Group. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 67:602–10 [Google Scholar]
  53. Dwyer JT, Stone E, Yang M, Webber L, Must A. 53.  et al. 2000. Prevalence of marked overweight and obesity in a multiethnic pediatric population: findings from the Child and Adolescent Trial for Cardiovascular Health (CATCH) study. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 100:1149–55 [Google Scholar]
  54. Dwyer JT, Woteki C, Bailey R, Britten P, Carriquiry A. 54.  et al. 2014. Fortification: new findings and implications. Nutr. Rev. 27:127–41 [Google Scholar]
  55. 55. Exec. Off. Pres. 1969. White House Conference on Food, Nutrition and Health Rep., Exec. Off. Pres. Washington, DC: [Google Scholar]
  56. Framson CM, LeLeiko NS, Dallal GE, Roubenoff R, Snelling LK, Dwyer JT. 56.  2007. Energy expenditure in critically ill children. Pediatr. Crit. Care Med. 8:264–67 [Google Scholar]
  57. Ghiron L, Dwyer JT, Stollman L. 57.  1989. Nutrition support of the HIV positive, ARC and AIDS Patients. Clin. Nutr. 8:103–13 [Google Scholar]
  58. Goldin BR, Adlercreutz H, Gorbach SL, Warram JH, Dwyer JT. 58.  et al. 1982. Estrogen excretion patterns and plasma levels in vegetarian and omnivorous women. N. Engl. J. Med. 307:1542–47 [Google Scholar]
  59. Goldin BR, Adlercreutz H, Gorbach SL, Woods MN, Dwyer JT. 59.  et al. 1986. Relationship between estrogen levels and diets of Caucasian American and Oriental immigrant women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 44:945–53 [Google Scholar]
  60. Gorbach SL, Morrill-LaBrode AM, Woods MN, Dwyer JT, Selles WD. 60.  et al. 1990. Changes in food patterns during a low-fat dietary intervention in women. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 90:802–9 [Google Scholar]
  61. Jacques PF, Cassidy A, Rogers G, Peterson JJ, Dwyer JT. 61.  2015. Dietary flavonoid intakes and cardiovascular disease incidence in the Framingham offspring cohort. Br. J. Nutr. 114:1496–503 [Google Scholar]
  62. Jacques PF, Cassidy A, Rogers G, Peterson JJ, Meigs JB, Dwyer JT. 62.  2013. Higher dietary flavonol is associated with lower incidence of type 2 diabetes. J. Nutr. 143:174–80 [Google Scholar]
  63. Kaiser R. 63.  2009. So Damned Much Money: The Triumph of Lobbying and Corrosion of American Government Washington, DC: Washington Post Books [Google Scholar]
  64. Krall E, Valadian I, Dwyer JT, Gardner J. 64.  1988. Recall of childhood illnesses. J. Clin. Epidemiol. 41:1059–64 [Google Scholar]
  65. Mayer J, Dwyer J. 65.  1979. Food and Nutrition Policy in a Changing World Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  66. McCullough ML, Peterson JJ, Patel R, Jacques PF, Shah R, Dwyer JT. 66.  2012. Flavonoid intake and cardiovascular disease mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 95:454–64 [Google Scholar]
  67. Snetselaar L, Dwyer JT, Adler S, Petot GJ. 67. MDRD Study Group et al. 1994. Reduction of dietary protein and phosphorus in the modification of diet in renal disease feasibility study. J. Acad. Nutr. Diet. 94:986–91 [Google Scholar]
  68. Mugrditchian L, Arent-Fine J, Dwyer JT. 68.  1992. The nutrition of the HIV-infected child: part I: a review of clinical issues and therapeutic strategies. Top. Clin. Nutr. 7:1–10 [Google Scholar]
  69. Nicklas TA, Stone E, Montgomery D, Snyder P, Zive M. 69.  et al. 1994. Meeting the dietary goals for school meals by the year 2000: the CATCH Eat Smart School Nutrition Program. J. Health Educ. 25:299–307 [Google Scholar]
  70. 70. Off. Technol. Assess. 1978. Nutrition research alternatives Rep., Off. Technol. Assess. Washington, DC: [Google Scholar]
  71. Olsen IE, Richardson DK, Schmid CH, Ausman LM, Dwyer JT. 71.  2002. Intersite differences in weight growth velocity of extremely premature infants. Pediatrics 110:1125–32 [Google Scholar]
  72. Osler W. 72.  1995. Valedictory address at Johns Hopkins University. JAMA 44:705–10 [Google Scholar]
  73. Ouyang CM, Dwyer JT, Jacques PF, Chuang LM, Haas CF, Weinger K. 73.  2015. Diabetes self-care behaviours and clinical outcomes among Taiwanese patients with type 2 diabetes. Asia Pac. J. Clin. Nutr. 24:438–43 [Google Scholar]
  74. Prelack K, Dwyer JT, Yu YM, Sheridan RL, Tompkins RG. 74.  1997. Urinary urea nitrogen is imprecise as a predictor of protein balance in burned children. J. Am. Diet. Assoc. 97:489–95 [Google Scholar]
  75. Prelack K, Stamatelatos I, Yu Y, Sheridan R, Dwyer JT. 75.  et al. 2000. Measures of extracellular water by neutron activation analysis in acutely burned children: 200. J. Burn Care Res. 21:S234 [Google Scholar]
  76. 76. Pres. Reorgan. Proj. 1979. Organizing for development: final report; reorganization study of federal community and economic development programs Rep., Off. Manag. Budg. Washington, DC: [Google Scholar]
  77. Rowe S, Alexander N, Clydesdale F, Applebaum R, Atkinson S. 77.  et al. 2009. Funding food science and nutrition research: financial conflicts and scientific integrity. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 89:1–7 [Google Scholar]
  78. Shilts R. 78.  1987. And the Band Played On New York: St. Martin's Press [Google Scholar]
  79. Shull MW, Dwyer JT, Reed RB, Valadian I, Palumbo R, Thorne H. 79.  1977. Velocities of growth in vegetarian preschool children. Pediatrics 60:410–17 [Google Scholar]
  80. Simopoulos AP. 80.  1981. The politics of nutrition Rep 81–2278 Semin. Staff Train. Extramur. Progr. (STEP) Off. Dir., Natl. Inst. Health Washington, DC: [Google Scholar]
  81. 81. Staff Select Comm. Nutr. Human Needs. 1977. Final report of the Select Committee on Nutrition and Human Needs Rep., US Senate Washington, DC: [Google Scholar]
  82. Stare FJ. 82.  1991. Adventures in Nutrition Hanover, MA: Christopher Publ. House [Google Scholar]
  83. Teschan PE, Beck GJ, Dwyer JT, Greene T, Klahr S. 83.  et al. 1998. Effect of a ketoacid-aminoacid-supplemented very low protein diet on the progression of advanced renal disease: a reanalysis of the MDRD feasibility study. Clin. Nephrol. 50:273–83 [Google Scholar]
  84. Wang Y, Gapstur S, Gaudet M, Peterson J, Dwyer J, McCullough M. 84.  2014. Evidence for an association of dietary flavonoid intake with breast cancer by estrogen receptor status is limited. J. Nutr. 144:1603–11 [Google Scholar]
  85. Wang Y, Stevens VL, Shah R, Peterson JJ, Dwyer JT. 85.  et al. 2014. Dietary flavonoid and proanthocyanidin intakes and prostate cancer risk in a prospective cohort of US men. Am. J. Epidemiol. 179:974–86 [Google Scholar]
  86. Weaver CM, Dwyer J, Fulgoni VL, King JC, Leveille GA. 86.  et al. 2014. Processed foods: contributions to nutrition. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 99:1525–42 [Google Scholar]
  87. Wittes J, Barrett-Connor E, Braunwald E, Chesney M, Cohen H. 87.  et al. 2007. Monitoring the randomized trials of the Women's Health Initiative: the experience of the Data Safety Monitoring Board. Clin. Trials 4:218–34 [Google Scholar]
  88. Woods MN, Gorbach SL, Longcope C, Goldin BR, Dwyer JT, Morrill-LaBrode A. 88.  1989. Low-fat, high-fiber diet and serum estrone sulfate in premenopausal women. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 49:1179–83 [Google Scholar]
  89. Wynder EL, Cohen LA, Muscat JE, Winters B, Dwyer JT, Blackburn GL. 89.  1997. Breast cancer: weighing the evidence for the promoting role of dietary fat. J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 89:766–75 [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-nutr-071816-064932
Loading
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error