1932

Abstract

The last decade has seen dramatic technological and conceptual changes in research on episodic memory and the brain. New technologies, and increased use of more naturalistic observations, have enabled investigators to delve deeply into the structures that mediate episodic memory, particularly the hippocampus, and to track functional and structural interactions among brain regions that support it. Conceptually, episodic memory is increasingly being viewed as subject to lifelong transformations that are reflected in the neural substrates that mediate it. In keeping with this dynamic perspective, research on episodic memory (and the hippocampus) has infiltrated domains, from perception to language and from empathy to problem solving, that were once considered outside its boundaries. Using the component process model as a framework, and focusing on the hippocampus, its subfields, and specialization along its longitudinal axis, along with its interaction with other brain regions, we consider these new developments and their implications for the organization of episodic memory and its contribution to functions in other domains.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143733
2016-01-04
2024-06-16
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/psych/67/1/annurev-psych-113011-143733.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143733&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Addis DR, Moscovitch M, Crawley AP, McAndrews MP. 2004. Recollective qualities modulate hippocampal activation during autobiographical memory retrieval. Hippocampus 14:752–62 [Google Scholar]
  2. Addis DR, Pan L, Musicaro R, Schacter DL. 2015. Divergent thinking and constructing episodic simulations. Memory In press [Google Scholar]
  3. Addis DR, Schacter DL. 2011. The hippocampus and imagining the future: Where do we stand?. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 5:173 [Google Scholar]
  4. Aggleton JP. 2012. Multiple anatomical systems embedded within the primate medial temporal lobe: implications for hippocampal function. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 36:1579–96 [Google Scholar]
  5. Aly M, Ranganath C, Yonelinas AP. 2013. Detecting changes in scenes: The hippocampus is critical for strength-based perception. Neuron 78:1127–37 [Google Scholar]
  6. Anderson MC, Huddleston E. 2012. Towards a cognitive and neurobiological model of motivated forgetting. Neb. Symp. Motiv. 58:53–120 [Google Scholar]
  7. Andrews-Hanna JR. 2012. The brain's default network and its adaptive role in internal mentation. Neuroscientist 18:251–70 [Google Scholar]
  8. Axmacher N, Henseler MM, Jensen O, Weinreich I, Elger CE, Fell J. 2010. Cross-frequency coupling supports multi-item working memory in the human hippocampus. PNAS 107:3228–33 [Google Scholar]
  9. Baddeley A, Allen R, Vargha-Khadem F. 2010. Is the hippocampus necessary for visual and verbal binding in working memory?. Neuropsychologia 48:1089–95 [Google Scholar]
  10. Bakker A, Kirwan CB, Miller M, Stark CE. 2008. Pattern separation in the human hippocampal CA3 and dentate gyrus. Science 319:1640–42 [Google Scholar]
  11. Bartlett FC. 1932. Remembering: A Study in Experimental and Social Psychology Cambridge, UK: Cambridge Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  12. Bartsch T, Dohring J, Rohr A, Jansen O, Deuschl G. 2011. CA1 neurons in the human hippocampus are critical for autobiographical memory, mental time travel, and autonoetic consciousness. PNAS 108:17562–67 [Google Scholar]
  13. Baumann O, Mattingley JB. 2013. Dissociable representations of environmental size and complexity in the human hippocampus. J. Neurosci. 33:10526–33 [Google Scholar]
  14. Beadle JN, Tranel D, Cohen NJ, Duff MC. 2013. Empathy in hippocampal amnesia. Front. Psychol. 4:69 [Google Scholar]
  15. Ben-Yakov A, Dudai Y. 2011. Constructing realistic engrams: Poststimulus activity of hippocampus and dorsal striatum predicts subsequent episodic memory. J. Neurosci. 31:9032–42 [Google Scholar]
  16. Ben-Yakov A, Eshel N, Dudai Y. 2013. Hippocampal immediate poststimulus activity in the encoding of consecutive naturalistic episodes. J. Exp. Psychol.: Gen. 142:1255–63 [Google Scholar]
  17. Ben-Yakov A, Rubinson M, Dudai Y. 2014. Shifting gears in hippocampus: temporal dissociation between familiarity and novelty signatures in a single event. J. Neurosci. 34:12973–81 [Google Scholar]
  18. Benoit RG, Gilbert SJ, Burgess PW. 2011. A neural mechanism mediating the impact of episodic prospection on farsighted decisions. J. Neurosci. 31:6771–79 [Google Scholar]
  19. Benoit RG, Szpunar KK, Schacter DL. 2014. Ventromedial prefrontal cortex supports affective future simulation by integrating distributed knowledge. PNAS 111:16550–55 [Google Scholar]
  20. Berryhill ME. 2012. Insights from neuropsychology: pinpointing the role of the posterior parietal cortex in episodic and working memory. Front. Integr. Neurosci. 6:31 [Google Scholar]
  21. Bird CM, Burgess N. 2008. The hippocampus and memory: insights from spatial processing. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 9:182–94 [Google Scholar]
  22. Bonnici HM, Chadwick MJ, Maguire EA. 2013. Representations of recent and remote autobiographical memories in hippocampal subfields. Hippocampus 23:849–54 [Google Scholar]
  23. Bowles B, Crupi C, Pigott S, Parrent A, Wiebe S. et al. 2010. Double dissociation of selective recollection and familiarity impairments following two different surgical treatments for temporal-lobe epilepsy. Neuropsychologia 48:2640–47 [Google Scholar]
  24. Buckner RL. 2010. The role of the hippocampus in prediction and imagination. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 61:27–48 [Google Scholar]
  25. Burgess AP, Ali L. 2002. Functional connectivity of gamma EEG activity is modulated at low frequency during conscious recollection. Intl. J. Psychophysiol. 46:91–100 [Google Scholar]
  26. Buzsaki G, Moser EI. 2013. Memory, navigation and theta rhythm in the hippocampal-entorhinal system. Nat. Neurosci. 16:130–38 [Google Scholar]
  27. Cabeza R, Ciaramelli E, Moscovitch M. 2012. Cognitive contributions of the ventral parietal cortex: an integrative theoretical account. Trends Cogn. Sci. 16:338–52 [Google Scholar]
  28. Cabeza R, Moscovitch M. 2013. Memory systems, processing modes, and components: functional neuroimaging evidence. Perspect. Psychol. Sci. 8:49–55 [Google Scholar]
  29. Cabeza R, St. Jacques P. 2007. Functional neuroimaging of autobiographical memory. Trends Cogn. Sci. 11:219–27 [Google Scholar]
  30. Chadwick MJ, Bonnici HM, Maguire EA. 2014. CA3 size predicts the precision of memory recall. PNAS 111:10720–25 [Google Scholar]
  31. Chadwick MJ, Hassabis D, Weiskopf N, Maguire EA. 2010. Decoding individual episodic memory traces in the human hippocampus. Curr. Biol. 20:544–47 [Google Scholar]
  32. Chadwick MJ, Mullally SL, Maguire EA. 2013. The hippocampus extrapolates beyond the view in scenes: an fMRI study of boundary extension. Cortex 49:2067–79 [Google Scholar]
  33. Ciaramelli E, Bernardi F, Moscovitch M. 2013. Individualized theory of mind (iToM): when memory modulates empathy. Front. Psychol. 4:4 [Google Scholar]
  34. Clark IA, Maguire EA. 2016. Remembering preservation in hippocampal amnesia. Annu. Rev. Psychol.6751–82 [Google Scholar]
  35. Cohn M, Moscovitch M, Lahat A, McAndrews MP. 2009. Recollection versus strength as the primary determinant of hippocampal engagement at retrieval. PNAS 106:22451–55 [Google Scholar]
  36. Conway MA. 2009. Episodic memories. Neuropsychologia 47:2305–13 [Google Scholar]
  37. Corkin S. 2013. Permanent Present Tense: The Unforgettable Life of the Amnesic Patient, H.M. New York: Basic Books [Google Scholar]
  38. Coutanche MN, Thompson-Schill SL. 2015. Rapid consolidation of new knowledge in adulthood via fast mapping. Trends Cogn. Sci. 19:486–88 [Google Scholar]
  39. Craik FIM. 1986. A functional account of age differences in memory. Human Memory and Cognitive Capabilities F Klix, H Hagendorf 409–22 Amsterdam: North-Holland [Google Scholar]
  40. Dalla Barba G, La Corte V. 2013. The hippocampus, a time machine that makes errors. Trends Cogn. Sci. 17:102–4 [Google Scholar]
  41. Danckert J, Ferber S, Pun C, Broderick C, Striemer C. et al. 2007. Neglected time: impaired temporal perception of multisecond intervals in unilateral neglect. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 191706–20 [Google Scholar]
  42. Danker JF, Anderson JR. 2010. The ghosts of brain states past: Remembering reactivates the brain regions engaged during encoding. Psychol. Bull. 136:87–102 [Google Scholar]
  43. Das SR, Mancuso L, Olson IR, Arnold SE, Wolk DA. 2015. Short-term memory depends on dissociable medial temporal lobe regions in amnestic mild cognitive impairment. Cereb. Cortex In press [Google Scholar]
  44. Daselaar SM, Fleck M, Dobbins IG, Madden DJ, Cabeza R. 2006. Effects of healthy aging on hippocampal and rhinal memory functions: an event-related fMRI study. Cereb. Cortex 16:1771–82 [Google Scholar]
  45. Davachi L, Dubrow S. 2015. How the hippocampus preserves order: the role of prediction and context. Trends Cogn. Sci. 19:92–99 [Google Scholar]
  46. Davidson PS, Anaki D, Ciaramelli E, Cohn M, Kim ASN. et al. 2008. Does parietal cortex support episodic memory? Evidence from focal lesion patients. Neuropsychologia 46:1743–55 [Google Scholar]
  47. Davidson PS, Drouin H, Kwan D, Moscovitch M, Rosenbaum RS. 2012. Memory as social glue: close interpersonal relationships in amnesic patients. Front. Psychol. 3:531 [Google Scholar]
  48. de Oliveira Alvares L, Einarsson EO, Santana F, Crestani AP, Haubrich J. et al. 2012. Periodically reactivated context memory retains its precision and dependence on the hippocampus. Hippocampus 22:1092–95 [Google Scholar]
  49. Dede AJ, Wixted JT, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. 2013. Hippocampal damage impairs recognition memory broadly, affecting both parameters in two prominent models of memory. PNAS 110:6577–82 [Google Scholar]
  50. Diekelmann S, Born J. 2010. The memory function of sleep. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 11:114–26 [Google Scholar]
  51. Dudai Y. 2012. The restless engram: Consolidations never end. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 35:227–47 [Google Scholar]
  52. Duff MC, Brown-Schmidt S. 2012. The hippocampus and the flexible use and processing of language. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 6:69 [Google Scholar]
  53. Dunsmoor JE, Murty VP, Davachi L, Phelps EA. 2015. Emotional learning selectively and retroactively strengthens memories for related events. Nature 520:345–48 [Google Scholar]
  54. Ebbinghaus H. 1964 (1885). Memory: A Contribution to Experimental Psychology New York: Dover [Google Scholar]
  55. Eichenbaum H. 2014. Time cells in the hippocampus: a new dimension for mapping memories. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 15:732–44 [Google Scholar]
  56. Eichenbaum H, Yonelinas AP, Ranganath C. 2007. The medial temporal lobe and recognition memory. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 30:123–52 [Google Scholar]
  57. Ekstrom AD, Meltzer J, McNaughton BL, Barnes CA. 2001. NMDA receptor antagonism blocks experience-dependent expansion of hippocampal “place fields.”. Neuron 31:631–38 [Google Scholar]
  58. Engel AK, Kreiter AK, Konig P, Singer W. 1991. Synchronization of oscillatory neuronal responses between striate and extrastriate visual cortical areas of the cat. PNAS 88:6048–52 [Google Scholar]
  59. Evensmoen HR, Ladstein J, Hansen TI, Moller JA, Witter MP. et al. 2015. From details to large scale: The representation of environmental positions follows a granularity gradient along the human hippocampal and entorhinal anterior-posterior axis. Hippocampus 25:119–35 [Google Scholar]
  60. Frankland PW, Bontempi B. 2005. The organization of recent and remote memories. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 6:119–30 [Google Scholar]
  61. Furman O, Mendelsohn A, Dudai Y. 2012. The episodic engram transformed: Time reduces retrieval-related brain activity but correlates it with memory accuracy. Learn. Mem. 19:575–87 [Google Scholar]
  62. Gaesser B, Schacter DL. 2014. Episodic simulation and episodic memory can increase intentions to help others. PNAS 111:4415–20 [Google Scholar]
  63. Gaesser B, Spreng RN, McLelland VC, Addis DR, Schacter DL. 2013. Imagining the future: evidence for a hippocampal contribution to constructive processing. Hippocampus 23:1150–61 [Google Scholar]
  64. Gerraty RT, Davidow JY, Wimmer GE, Kahn I, Shohamy D. 2014. Transfer of learning relates to intrinsic connectivity between hippocampus, ventromedial prefrontal cortex, and large-scale networks. J. Neurosci. 34:11297–303 [Google Scholar]
  65. Ghosh VE, Moscovitch M, Melo Colella B, Gilboa A. 2014. Schema representation in patients with ventromedial PFC lesions. J. Neurosci. 34:12057–70 [Google Scholar]
  66. Gilboa A, Sekeres M, Moscovitch M, Winocur G. 2014. Higher-order conditioning is impaired by hippocampal lesions. Curr. Biol. 24:2202–7 [Google Scholar]
  67. Gilboa A, Verfaellie M. 2010. Telling it like it isn't: the cognitive neuroscience of confabulation. J. Int. Neuropsychol. Soc. 16:961–66 [Google Scholar]
  68. Goshen I, Brodsky M, Prakash R, Wallace J, Gradinaru V. et al. 2011. Dynamics of retrieval strategies for remote memories. Cell 147:678–89 [Google Scholar]
  69. Greenberg DL, Keane MM, Ryan L, Verfaellie M. 2009. Impaired category fluency in medial temporal lobe amnesia: the role of episodic memory. J. Neurosci. 29:10900–8 [Google Scholar]
  70. Hall SA, Rubin DC, Miles A, Davis SW, Wing EA. et al. 2014. The neural basis of involuntary episodic memories. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 26:2385–99 [Google Scholar]
  71. Hannula DE, Ranganath C. 2009. The eyes have it: Hippocampal activity predicts expression of memory in eye movements. Neuron 63:592–99 [Google Scholar]
  72. Haskins AL, Yonelinas AP, Quamme JR, Ranganath C. 2008. Perirhinal cortex supports encoding and familiarity-based recognition of novel associations. Neuron 59:554–60 [Google Scholar]
  73. Hassabis D, Maguire EA. 2009. The construction system of the brain. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 364:1263–71 [Google Scholar]
  74. Henke K. 2010. A model for memory systems based on processing modes rather than consciousness. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 11:523–32 [Google Scholar]
  75. Hirshhorn M, Grady C, Rosenbaum RS, Winocur G, Moscovitch M. 2012. The hippocampus is involved in mental navigation for a recently learned, but not a highly familiar environment: a longitudinal fMRI study. Hippocampus 22:842–52 [Google Scholar]
  76. Howard MW, Eichenbaum H. 2013. The hippocampus, time, and memory across scales. J. Exp. Psychol.: Gen. 142:1211–30 [Google Scholar]
  77. Howard LR, Javadi AH, Yu Y, Mill RD, Morrison LC. et al. 2014. The hippocampus and entorhinal cortex encode the path and Euclidean distances to goals during navigation. Curr. Biol. 24:1331–40 [Google Scholar]
  78. Hower KH, Wixted J, Berryhill ME, Olson IR. 2014. Impaired perception of mnemonic oldness, but not mnemonic newness, after parietal lobe damage. Neuropsychologia 56:409–17 [Google Scholar]
  79. Hunsaker MR, Kesner RP. 2013. The operation of pattern separation and pattern completion processes associated with different attributes or domains of memory. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 37:36–58 [Google Scholar]
  80. Hyman JM, Wyble BP, Goyal V, Rossi CA, Hasselmo ME. 2003. Stimulation in hippocampal region CA1 in behaving rats yields long-term potentiation when delivered to the peak of theta and long-term depression when delivered to the trough. J. Neurosci. 23:11725–31 [Google Scholar]
  81. James W. 1950 (1890). Principles of Psychology 1 New York: Dover [Google Scholar]
  82. Jensen O, Lisman JE. 2005. Hippocampal sequence-encoding driven by a cortical multi-item working memory buffer. Trends Neurosci. 28:67–72 [Google Scholar]
  83. Jensen O, Tesche CD. 2002. Frontal theta activity in humans increases with memory load in a working memory task. Eur. J. Neurosci. 15:1395–99 [Google Scholar]
  84. Johnson EL, Knight RT. 2015. Intracranial recordings and human memory. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 31:18–25 [Google Scholar]
  85. Josselyn SA, Kohler S, Frankland PW. 2015. Finding the engram. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 16:521–34 [Google Scholar]
  86. Kandel ER, Dudai Y, Mayford MR. 2014. The molecular and systems biology of memory. Cell 157:163–86 [Google Scholar]
  87. Kim H. 2015. Encoding and retrieval along the long axis of the hippocampus and their relationships with dorsal attention and default mode networks: the HERNET model. Hippocampus 25:4500–10 [Google Scholar]
  88. Kim J, Yassa MA. 2013. Assessing recollection and familiarity of similar lures in a behavioral pattern separation task. Hippocampus 23:287–94 [Google Scholar]
  89. Kim S, Dede AJO, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. 2015. Memory, scene construction, and the human hippocampus. PNAS 112:4767–72 [Google Scholar]
  90. Kopelman MD, Wilson BA, Baddeley AD. 1989. The autobiographical memory interview: a new assessment of autobiographical and personal semantic memory in amnesic patients. J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol. 11:724–44 [Google Scholar]
  91. Kwan D, Craver CF, Green L, Myerson J, Rosenbaum RS. 2013. Dissociations in future thinking following hippocampal damage: evidence from discounting and time perspective in episodic amnesia. J. Exp. Psychol.: Gen. 142:1355–69 [Google Scholar]
  92. Lee AC, Yeung LK, Barense MD. 2012. The hippocampus and visual perception. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 6:91 [Google Scholar]
  93. Levine B, Svoboda E, Hay JF, Winocur G, Moscovitch M. 2002. Aging and autobiographical memory: dissociating episodic from semantic retrieval. Psychol. Aging 17:677–89 [Google Scholar]
  94. Levine B, Svoboda E, Turner GR, Mandic M, Mackey A. 2009. Behavioral and functional neuroanatomical correlates of anterograde autobiographical memory in isolated retrograde amnesic patient M.L. Neuropsychologia 47:2188–96 [Google Scholar]
  95. Lewis PA, Durrant SJ. 2011. Overlapping memory replay during sleep builds cognitive schemata. Trends Cogn. Sci. 15:343–51 [Google Scholar]
  96. Long NM, Burke JF, Kahana MJ. 2014. Subsequent memory effect in intracranial and scalp EEG. NeuroImage 84:488–94 [Google Scholar]
  97. Madore KP, Addis DR, Schacter DL. 2015. Creativity and memory: effects of an episodic-specificity induction on divergent thinking. Psychol. Sci. 261461–68 [Google Scholar]
  98. Madore KP, Schacter DL. 2014. An episodic specificity induction enhances means-end problem solving in young and older adults. Psychol. Aging 29:913–24 [Google Scholar]
  99. Maguire EA, Intraub H, Mullally SL. 2015. Scenes, spaces, and memory traces: What does the hippocampus do?. Neuroscientist In press [Google Scholar]
  100. Maguire EA, Mullally SL. 2013. The hippocampus: a manifesto for change. J. Exp. Psychol.: Gen. 142:1180–89 [Google Scholar]
  101. Malykhin NV, Lebel RM, Coupland NJ, Wilman AH, Carter R. 2010. In vivo quantification of hippocampal subfields using 4.7 T fast spin echo imaging. NeuroImage 49:1224–30 [Google Scholar]
  102. McClelland JL, McNaughton BL, O'Reilly RC. 1995. Why there are complementary learning systems in the hippocampus and neocortex: insights from the successes and failures of connectionist models of learning and memory. Psychol. Rev. 102:419–57 [Google Scholar]
  103. McCormick C, St-Laurent M, Ty A, Valiante TA, McAndrews MP. 2013. Functional and effective hippocampal-neocortical connectivity during construction and elaboration of autobiographical memory retrieval. Cereb. Cortex 25:1297–305 [Google Scholar]
  104. Merhav M, Karni A, Gilboa A. 2014. Neocortical catastrophic interference in healthy and amnesic adults: a paradoxical matter of time. Hippocampus 24:121653–62 [Google Scholar]
  105. Merhav M, Karni A, Gilboa A. 2015. Not all declarative memories are created equal: fast mapping as a direct route to cortical declarative representations. NeuroImage 11780–92 [Google Scholar]
  106. Migo EM, Mayes AR, Montaldi D. 2012. Measuring recollection and familiarity: improving the remember/know procedure. Conscious. Cogn. 21:1435–55 [Google Scholar]
  107. Miller JF, Neufang M, Solway A, Brandt A, Trippel M. et al. 2013. Neural activity in human hippocampal formation reveals the spatial context of retrieved memories. Science 342:1111–14 [Google Scholar]
  108. Mitchell JP. 2009. Inferences about mental states. Philos. Trans. R. Soc. Lond. B 364:1309–16 [Google Scholar]
  109. Montaldi D, Mayes AR. 2011. Familiarity, recollection and medial temporal lobe function: an unresolved issue. Trends Cogn. Sci. 15:339–40 [Google Scholar]
  110. Morgan LK, Macevoy SP, Aguirre GK, Epstein RA. 2011. Distances between real-world locations are represented in the human hippocampus. J. Neurosci. 31:1238–45 [Google Scholar]
  111. Moscovitch DA, Chiupka CA, Gavric DL. 2013. Within the mind's eye: Negative mental imagery activates different emotion regulation strategies in high versus low socially anxious individuals. J. Behav. Ther. Exp. Psychiatry 44:426–32 [Google Scholar]
  112. Moscovitch M. 1992. Memory and working-with-memory: a component process model based on modules and central systems. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 4:257–67 [Google Scholar]
  113. Moscovitch M. 1995. Recovered consciousness: a hypothesis concerning modularity and episodic memory. J. Clin. Exp. Neuropsychol. 17:276–90 [Google Scholar]
  114. Moscovitch M. 2008. The hippocampus as a “stupid,” domain-specific module: implications for theories of recent and remote memory, and of imagination. Can. J. Exp. Psychol. 62:62–79 [Google Scholar]
  115. Moscovitch M, Vriezen ER, Goshen-Gottstein Y. 1993. Implicit tests of memory in patients with focal lesions or degenerative brain disorders. The Handbook of Neuropsychology 8 F Boller, J Grafman 133–73 Amsterdam: Elsevier Sci. [Google Scholar]
  116. Moscovitch M, Winocur G. 1992. Frontal lobes and memory. The Encyclopedia of Learning and Memory: A Volume in Neuropsychology LR Squire 182–87 New York: Macmillan [Google Scholar]
  117. Moscovitch M, Winocur G. 2002. The frontal cortex and working with memory. The Frontal Lobes DT Stuss, RT Knight 188–209 Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  118. Mullally SL, Intraub H, Maguire EA. 2012. Attenuated boundary extension produces a paradoxical memory advantage in amnesic patients. Curr. Biol. 22:261–68 [Google Scholar]
  119. Nadel L. 2008. Hippocampus and context revisited. Hippocampal Place Fields: Relevance to Learning and Memory S Mizumori 3–15 Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  120. Nadel L, Hoscheidt S, Ryan LR. 2013. Spatial cognition and the hippocampus: the anterior-posterior axis. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 25:22–28 [Google Scholar]
  121. Nadel L, Moscovitch M. 1997. Memory consolidation, retrograde amnesia and the hippocampal complex. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 7:217–27 [Google Scholar]
  122. Nadel L, Peterson MA. 2013. The hippocampus: part of an interactive posterior representational system spanning perceptual and memorial systems. J. Exp. Psychol.: Gen. 142:1242–54 [Google Scholar]
  123. Nader K, Hardt O. 2009. A single standard for memory: the case for reconsolidation. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 10:224–34 [Google Scholar]
  124. Nichols EA, Kao YC, Verfaellie M, Gabrieli JD. 2006. Working memory and long-term memory for faces: evidence from fMRI and global amnesia for involvement of the medial temporal lobes. Hippocampus 16:604–16 [Google Scholar]
  125. Nieuwenhuis IL, Takashima A. 2011. The role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex in memory consolidation. Behav. Brain Res. 218:325–34 [Google Scholar]
  126. Norman KA. 2010. How hippocampus and cortex contribute to recognition memory: revisiting the complementary learning systems model. Hippocampus 20:1217–27 [Google Scholar]
  127. Nyhus E, Curran T. 2010. Functional role of gamma and theta oscillations in episodic memory. Neurosci. Biobehav. Rev. 34:1023–35 [Google Scholar]
  128. O'Keefe J, Nadel L. 1978. The Hippocampus as a Cognitive Map Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  129. Olsen RK, Moses SN, Riggs L, Ryan JD. 2012. The hippocampus supports multiple cognitive processes through relational binding and comparison. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 6:146 [Google Scholar]
  130. Olson IR, Page K, Moore KS, Chatterjee A, Verfaellie M. 2006. Working memory for conjunctions relies on the medial temporal lobe. J. Neurosci. 26:4596–601 [Google Scholar]
  131. Osipova D, Takashima A, Oostenveld R, Fernandez G, Maris E, Jensen O. 2006. Theta and gamma oscillations predict encoding and retrieval of declarative memory. J. Neurosci. 26:7523–31 [Google Scholar]
  132. Palombo DJ, Keane MM, Verfaellie M. 2015. The medial temporal lobes are critical for reward-based decision making under conditions that promote episodic future thinking. Hippocampus 25:345–53 [Google Scholar]
  133. Park L, St-Laurent M, McAndrews MP, Moscovitch M. 2011. The immediacy of recollection: the use of the historical present in narratives of autobiographical episodes by patients with unilateral temporal lobe epilepsy. Neuropsychologia 49:1171–76 [Google Scholar]
  134. Penfield W, Mathieson G. 1974. Memory: autopsy findings and comments on the role of hippocampus in experiential recall. Arch. Neurol. 31:145–54 [Google Scholar]
  135. Penfield W, Milner B. 1958. Memory deficit produced by bilateral lesions in the hippocampal zone. AMA Arch. Neurol. Psychiatry 79:475–97 [Google Scholar]
  136. Pertzov Y, Miller TD, Gorgoraptis N, Caine D, Schott JM. et al. 2013. Binding deficits in memory following medial temporal lobe damage in patients with voltage-gated potassium channel complex antibody-associated limbic encephalitis. Brain 136:2474–85 [Google Scholar]
  137. Piolino P, Desgranges B, Eustache F. 2009. Episodic autobiographical memories over the course of time: cognitive, neuropsychological and neuroimaging findings. Neuropsychologia 47:2314–29 [Google Scholar]
  138. Poppenk J, Evensmoen HR, Moscovitch M, Nadel L. 2013. Long-axis specialization of the human hippocampus. Trends Cogn. Sci. 17:230–40 [Google Scholar]
  139. Poppenk J, Moscovitch M. 2011. A hippocampal marker of recollection memory ability among healthy young adults: contributions of posterior and anterior segments. Neuron 72:931–37 [Google Scholar]
  140. Prebble SC, Addis DR, Tippett LJ. 2013. Autobiographical memory and sense of self. Psychol. Bull. 139:815–40 [Google Scholar]
  141. Preston AR, Eichenbaum H. 2013. Interplay of hippocampus and prefrontal cortex in memory. Curr. Biol. 23:R764–73 [Google Scholar]
  142. Quamme JR, Yonelinas AP, Norman KA. 2007. Effect of unitization on associative recognition in amnesia. Hippocampus 17:192–200 [Google Scholar]
  143. Quiroga RQ. 2012. Concept cells: the building blocks of declarative memory functions. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 13:587–97 [Google Scholar]
  144. Race E, Keane MM, Verfaellie M. 2015. Sharing mental simulations and stories: hippocampal contributions to discourse integration. Cortex 63:271–81 [Google Scholar]
  145. Ranganath C, Ritchey M. 2012. Two cortical systems for memory-guided behaviour. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 13:713–26 [Google Scholar]
  146. Reagh ZM, Watabe J, Ly M, Murray E, Yassa MA. 2014. Dissociated signals in human dentate gyrus and CA3 predict different facets of recognition memory. J. Neurosci. 34:13301–13 [Google Scholar]
  147. Reber TP, Henke K. 2012. Integrating unseen events over time. Conscious. Cogn. 21:953–60 [Google Scholar]
  148. Renoult L, Davidson PS, Palombo DJ, Moscovitch M, Levine B. 2012. Personal semantics: at the crossroads of semantic and episodic memory. Trends Cogn. Sci. 16:550–58 [Google Scholar]
  149. Renoult L, Davidson PS, Schmitz E, Park L, Campbell K. et al. 2015. Autobiographically significant concepts: more episodic than semantic in nature? An electrophysiological investigation of overlapping types of memory. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 27:57–72 [Google Scholar]
  150. Ritchey M, Montchal ME, Yonelinas AP, Ranganath C. 2015. Delay-dependent contributions of medial temporal lobe regions to episodic memory retrieval. eLife 4:e05025 [Google Scholar]
  151. Ritchey M, Wing EA, LaBar KS, Cabeza R. 2013. Neural similarity between encoding and retrieval is related to memory via hippocampal interactions. Cereb. Cortex 23:2818–28 [Google Scholar]
  152. Robin J, Hirshhorn M, Rosenbaum RS, Winocur G, Moscovitch M, Grady CL. 2015. Functional connectivity of hippocampal and prefrontal networks during episodic and spatial memory based on real-world environments. Hippocampus 25:81–93 [Google Scholar]
  153. Robin J, Moscovitch M. 2014. The effects of spatial contextual familiarity on remembered scenes, episodic memories, and imagined future events. J. Exp. Psychol.: Learn. Mem. Cogn. 40:459–75 [Google Scholar]
  154. Robin J, Wynn J, Moscovitch M. 2015. The spatial scaffold: the effects of spatial context on memory for events. J. Exp. Psychol.: Learn. Mem. Cogn. In press [Google Scholar]
  155. Robinson E, Aveyard P, Daley A, Jolly K, Lewis A. et al. 2013. Eating attentively: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of food intake memory and awareness on eating. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 47:728–42 [Google Scholar]
  156. Romero K, Moscovitch M. 2012. Episodic memory and event construction in aging and amnesia. J. Mem. Lang. 67:270–84 [Google Scholar]
  157. Rosenbaum RS, Gilboa A, Levine B, Winocur G, Moscovitch M. 2009. Amnesia as an impairment of detail generation and binding: evidence from personal, fictional, and semantic narratives in K.C. Neuropsychologia 47:2181–87 [Google Scholar]
  158. Rosenbaum RS, Priselac S, Köhler S, Black SE, Gao F. et al. 2000. Remote spatial memory in an amnesic person with extensive bilateral hippocampal lesions. Nat. Neurosci. 3:1044–48 [Google Scholar]
  159. Rozin P, Dow S, Moscovitch M, Rajaram S. 1998. What causes humans to begin and end a meal? A role for memory for what has been eaten, as evidenced by a study of multiple meal eating in amnesic patients.. Psychol. Sci. 9:392–96 [Google Scholar]
  160. Rubin DC, Umanath S. 2015. Event memory: a theory of memory for laboratory, autobiographical, and fictional events. Psychol. Rev. 122:1–23 [Google Scholar]
  161. Rubin RD, Watson PD, Duff MC, Cohen NJ. 2014. The role of the hippocampus in flexible cognition and social behavior. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 8:742 [Google Scholar]
  162. Rugg MD, Vilberg KL. 2013. Brain networks underlying episodic memory retrieval. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 23:255–60 [Google Scholar]
  163. Ryan JD, Moses SN, Barense M, Rosenbaum RS. 2013. Intact learning of new relations in amnesia as achieved through unitization. J. Neurosci. 33:9601–13 [Google Scholar]
  164. Sadeh T, Maril A, Goshen-Gottstein Y. 2012. Encoding-related brain activity dissociates between the recollective processes underlying successful recall and recognition: a subsequent-memory study. Neuropsychologia 50:2317–24 [Google Scholar]
  165. Schacter DL, Addis DR, Hassabis D, Martin VC, Spreng RN, Szpunar KK. 2012. The future of memory: remembering, imagining, and the brain. Neuron 76:677–94 [Google Scholar]
  166. Schacter DL, Dobbins IG, Schnyer DM. 2004. Specificity of priming: a cognitive neuroscience perspective. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 5:853–62 [Google Scholar]
  167. Schlichting ML, Preston AR. 2014. Memory reactivation during rest supports upcoming learning of related content. PNAS 111:15845–50 [Google Scholar]
  168. Schnider A. 2008. The Confabulating Mind: How the Brain Creates Reality Oxford, UK: Oxford Univ. Press [Google Scholar]
  169. Shallice T, Cooper R. 2012. The organisation of mind. Cortex 48:1366–70 [Google Scholar]
  170. Sharon T, Moscovitch M, Gilboa A. 2011. Rapid neocortical acquisition of long-term arbitrary associations independent of the hippocampus. PNAS 108:1146–51 [Google Scholar]
  171. Sheldon S, Levine B. 2013. Same as it ever was: Vividness modulates the similarities and differences between the neural networks that support retrieving remote and recent autobiographical memories. NeuroImage 83:880–91 [Google Scholar]
  172. Sheldon S, McAndrews MP, Moscovitch M. 2011. Episodic memory processes mediated by the medial temporal lobes contribute to open-ended problem solving. Neuropsychologia 49:2439–47 [Google Scholar]
  173. Sheldon S, Moscovitch M. 2012. The nature and time-course of medial temporal lobe contributions to semantic retrieval: an fMRI study on verbal fluency. Hippocampus 22:1451–66 [Google Scholar]
  174. Sheldon S, Romero K, Moscovitch M. 2013. Medial temporal lobe amnesia impairs performance on a free association task. Hippocampus 23:405–12 [Google Scholar]
  175. Sheldon SA, Moscovitch M. 2010. Recollective performance advantages for implicit memory tasks. Memory 18:681–97 [Google Scholar]
  176. Shohamy D, Wagner AD. 2008. Integrating memories in the human brain: hippocampal-midbrain encoding of overlapping events. Neuron 60:378–89 [Google Scholar]
  177. Simons J, Peers P, Mazuz Y, Berryhill M, Olson I. 2010. Dissociation between memory accuracy and memory confidence following bilateral parietal lesions. Cereb. Cortex 20:479–85 [Google Scholar]
  178. Simons JS, Spiers HJ. 2003. Prefrontal and medial temporal lobe interactions in long-term memory. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 4:637–48 [Google Scholar]
  179. Skinner EI, Fernandes MA. 2007. Neural correlates of recollection and familiarity: a review of neuroimaging and patient data. Neuropsychologia 45:2163–79 [Google Scholar]
  180. Smith CN, Jeneson, Frascino JC, Kirwan CB, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. 2014a. When recognition memory is independent of hippocampal function. PNAS 111:9935–40 [Google Scholar]
  181. Smith CN, Urgolites ZJ, Hopkins RO, Squire LR. 2014b. Comparison of explicit and incidental learning strategies in memory-impaired patients. PNAS 111:475–79 [Google Scholar]
  182. Spreng RN, Mar RA, Kim AS. 2009. The common neural basis of autobiographical memory, prospection, navigation, theory of mind, and the default mode: a quantitative meta-analysis. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 21:489–510 [Google Scholar]
  183. Squire LR, Wixted JT. 2011. The cognitive neuroscience of human memory since H.M. Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 34:259–88 [Google Scholar]
  184. Staresina BP, Alink A, Kriegeskorte N, Henson RN. 2013. Awake reactivation predicts memory in humans. PNAS 110:21159–64 [Google Scholar]
  185. Stickgold R. 2013. Parsing the role of sleep in memory processing. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 23:847–53 [Google Scholar]
  186. St-Laurent M, Moscovitch M, Jadd R, McAndrews MP. 2014. The perceptual richness of complex memory episodes is compromised by medial temporal lobe damage. Hippocampus 24:560–76 [Google Scholar]
  187. Strange BA, Witter MP, Lein ES, Moser EI. 2014. Functional organization of the hippocampal longitudinal axis. Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 15:655–69 [Google Scholar]
  188. Svoboda E, McKinnon MC, Levine B. 2006. The functional neuroanatomy of autobiographical memory: a meta-analysis. Neuropsychologia 44:2189–208 [Google Scholar]
  189. Takashima A, Nieuwenhuis IL, Jensen O, Talamini LM, Rijpkema M, Fernandez G. 2009. Shift from hippocampal to neocortical centered retrieval network with consolidation. J. Neurosci. 29:10087–93 [Google Scholar]
  190. Talmi D. 2013. Enhanced emotional memory: cognitive and neural mechanisms. Curr. Dir. Psychol. Sci. 22:430–36 [Google Scholar]
  191. Talmi D, Grady CL, Goshen-Gottstein Y, Moscovitch M. 2005. Neuroimaging the serial position curve: a test of single-store versus dual-store models. Psychol. Sci. 16:716–23 [Google Scholar]
  192. Tambini A, Ketz N, Davachi L. 2010. Enhanced brain correlations during rest are related to memory for recent experiences. Neuron 65:280–90 [Google Scholar]
  193. Tanaka KZ, Pevzner A, Hamidi AB, Nakazawa Y, Graham J, Wiltgen BJ. 2014. Cortical representations are reinstated by the hippocampus during memory retrieval. Neuron 84:2347–54 [Google Scholar]
  194. Teyler TJ, Rudy JW. 2007. The hippocampal indexing theory and episodic memory: updating the index. Hippocampus 17:1158–69 [Google Scholar]
  195. Tonegawa S, Pignatelli M, Roy DS, Ryan TJ. 2015. Memory engram storage and retrieval. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 35:101–9 [Google Scholar]
  196. Tse D, Langston RF, Kakeyama M, Bethus I, Spooner PA. et al. 2007. Schemas and memory consolidation. Science 316:76–82 [Google Scholar]
  197. Tulving E. 1983. Elements of Episodic Memory Oxford, UK: Clarendon [Google Scholar]
  198. Tulving E. 2002. Episodic memory: from mind to brain. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 53:1–25 [Google Scholar]
  199. van Kesteren MT, Ruiter DJ, Fernandez G, Henson RN. 2012. How schema and novelty augment memory formation. Trends Neurosci. 35:211–19 [Google Scholar]
  200. Verfaellie M, Bousquet K, Keane MM. 2014. Medial temporal and neocortical contributions to remote memory for semantic narratives: evidence from amnesia. Neuropsychologia 61:105–12 [Google Scholar]
  201. Viard A, Desgranges B, Eustache F, Piolino P. 2012. Factors affecting medial temporal lobe engagement for past and future episodic events: an ALE meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies. Brain Cogn. 80:111–25 [Google Scholar]
  202. Viskontas IV, Carr VA, Engel SA, Knowlton BJ. 2009a. The neural correlates of recollection: Hippocampal activation declines as episodic memory fades. Hippocampus 19:265–72 [Google Scholar]
  203. Viskontas IV, Quiroga RQ, Fried I. 2009b. Human medial temporal lobe neurons respond preferentially to personally relevant images. PNAS 106:21329–34 [Google Scholar]
  204. Wang SH, Morris RG. 2010. Hippocampal-neocortical interactions in memory formation, consolidation, and reconsolidation. Annu. Rev. Psychol. 61:49–79 [Google Scholar]
  205. Wimmer GE, Shohamy D. 2012. Preference by association: how memory mechanisms in the hippocampus bias decisions. Science 338:270–73 [Google Scholar]
  206. Winocur G, Moscovitch M. 2011. Memory transformation and systems consolidation. J. Int. Neuropsychol. Soc. 17:766–80 [Google Scholar]
  207. Winocur G, Moscovitch M, Bontempi B. 2010. Memory formation and long-term retention in humans and animals: convergence towards a transformation account of hippocampal-neocortical interactions. Neuropsychologia 48:2339–56 [Google Scholar]
  208. Yassa MA, Lacy JW, Stark SM, Albert MS, Gallagher M, Stark CE. 2011. Pattern separation deficits associated with increased hippocampal CA3 and dentate gyrus activity in nondemented older adults. Hippocampus 21:968–79 [Google Scholar]
  209. Yazar Y, Bergstrom ZM, Simons JS. 2014. Continuous theta burst stimulation of angular gyrus reduces subjective recollection. PLOS ONE 9:e110414 [Google Scholar]
  210. Yonelinas AP. 2013. The hippocampus supports high-resolution binding in the service of perception, working memory and long-term memory. Behav. Brain Res. 254:34–44 [Google Scholar]
  211. Zola-Morgan S, Squire LR, Amaral DG. 1986. Human amnesia and the medial temporal region: enduring memory impairment following a bilateral lesion limited to field CA1 of the hippocampus. J. Neurosci. 6:2950–67 [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-psych-113011-143733
Loading

Supplementary Data

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error