1932

Abstract

The region known as Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) had 652 million inhabitants in 2018. Historically, it has been divided into many countries, beginning with colonization from Spain and Portugal. Miscegenation with the indigenous population settled its now distinctive social, cultural, and ethnic characteristics. Spanish is the nearly universal language, considering its command by the educated class of Brazil. On average, LAC's development is at a middle-income level. Its economic, social, and cultural background is highly diverse, both between countries and within each nation. Demographically, LAC is following the global trend of aging, although countries are heterogeneous in population sizes and progressing through different stages of demographic and epidemiological transitions. Based on the current trends of mortality, fertility, and migration, it is estimated that by 2060, the population will reach a maximum of about 790 million, then start a decrease in a concomitant convergence toward population aging.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-soc-073018-022532
2019-07-30
2024-06-18
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/soc/45/1/annurev-soc-073018-022532.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-soc-073018-022532&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Averanga MA. 1998. Aspectos generales de la población boliviana La Paz, Boliv: Libr. Ed. Juventud
    [Google Scholar]
  2. Bloom D, Canning D, Sevilla J 2003. The Demographic Dividend: A New Perspective on the Economic Consequences of Population Change Santa Monica, CA: RAND
    [Google Scholar]
  3. Celada MT, Dos Santos Castelano Rodrigues F 2005. El español en Brasil: actualidad y memoria Rep., R. Inst. Elcano Estud. Int. Estratég Madrid, Spain:
    [Google Scholar]
  4. CEPAL (Com. Econ. Am. Lat. Caribe) 2015. Observatorio Demográfico, 2015 Santiago de Chile: CEPAL
    [Google Scholar]
  5. Chackiel J. 2004. La dinámica demográfica en América Latina Santiago de Chile: CELADE
    [Google Scholar]
  6. Cook SF, Borah W. 1960. The Indian Population of Central Mexico, 1531–1610 Berkeley: Univ. Calif. Press
    [Google Scholar]
  7. Diamond J. 1997. Guns, Germs, and Steel: The Fate of Human Societies New York: W. W. Norton
    [Google Scholar]
  8. Ehrlich PR. 1968. The Population Bomb: Population Control or Race to Oblivion? New York: Ballantine
    [Google Scholar]
  9. Giorguli-Saucedo SE, García-Guerrero VM, Masferrer C 2016. A Migration System in the Making: Demographic Dynamics and Migration Policies in North America and the Northern Triangle of Central-America Mexico City: Colegio de México
    [Google Scholar]
  10. ILO (International Labor Organization) 2003. Investing in Every Child, 2003 Geneva: ILO
    [Google Scholar]
  11. Livi-Bacci M. 2012. A Concise History of World Population New York: Wiley
    [Google Scholar]
  12. López-Ortega M. 2007. Modelling the supply of informal care to the elderly in Mexico Paper presented at iHEA 2007 6th World Congress: Explorations in Health Economics, Copenhagen July 8–11
    [Google Scholar]
  13. Lynch J. 1991. Los orígenes de la independencia hispanoamericana Barcelona: Ed. Crít.
  14. Margolis M. 2018. The pensions that ate Latin America. Bloomberg Opinion Jan 10
    [Google Scholar]
  15. Massey DS, Pren KA. 2012. Unintended consequences of US immigration policy: explaining the post-1965 surge from Latin America. Popul. Dev. Rev 38:11–29
    [Google Scholar]
  16. Massey DS, Pren KA, Durand J 2009. Nuevos escenarios de la migración México-Estados Unidos. Las consecuencias de la guerra antiinmigrante. Pap. Poblac. 15:101–28
    [Google Scholar]
  17. Odette LM, Soriano MEO. 2004. El Salvador. Informes nacionales sobre migración internacional en países de Centroamérica C Doña Reveco85–115 Santiago de Chile: CEPAL
    [Google Scholar]
  18. Ortiz I. 2015. Reformas de los sistemas de pensiones: visión de la OIT a partir de la experiencia internacional Presentation at Seminario de la Comisión Presidencial sobre el Sistema de Pensiones Santiago de Chile: June 16
    [Google Scholar]
  19. Palau T, Pérez N, Fisher S 1997. Inmigración y emigración en el Paraguay 1870–1960 Work. Pap. 90, BASE Investig. Soc., Asuncion, Parag .
    [Google Scholar]
  20. Pallares-Miralles M, Romero C, Whitehouse E 2012. International Patterns of Pension Provision II Washington, DC: World Bank
    [Google Scholar]
  21. Pardo I, Varela C. 2013. La fecundidad bajo el reemplazo y las políticas familiares en América Latina y el Caribe: qué puede aprenderse de la experiencia europea. Rev. Bras. Estud. Popul. 30:503–18
    [Google Scholar]
  22. Pew Res. Cent 2015. Hispanics of Cuban origin in the United States, 2013 Rep., Pew Res. Cent Washington, DC:
    [Google Scholar]
  23. Pol JC. 2004. Determinantes económicos de la migración entre Puerto Rico y Estados Unidos Rep., Unidad Investig. Econ., Dep. Econ., Univ. P. R San Juan, P. R:.
    [Google Scholar]
  24. Rivera-Arias A. 2017. Pasivo pensionario: factura impagable de corporativismo. Análisi de los sistemas de pensiones en México, 1925–2015 Licenciatura Thesis, El Colegio de México Ciudad de México:
    [Google Scholar]
  25. Rodríguez JP. 2008. Sangre y mestizaje en la América Hispánica. Anu. Colomb. Hist. Soc. Cult. 35:279–310
    [Google Scholar]
  26. Sánchez Albornoz N. 2014. Historia mínima de la población de América Latina. Cuatrocientos siglos de historia, desde los tiempos precolombinos hasta el (no tan lejano) año 2025 Madrid: Ed. Turner
    [Google Scholar]
  27. United Nations 2017. World population prospects: the 2017 revision Work. Pap. ESA/P/WP.241, Dep. Econ. Soc Aff., Popul. Div., U. N:.
    [Google Scholar]
  28. Urrutia L. 1997. Aproximación a un análisis del proceso migratorio cubano. Pap. Rev. Sociol. 52:49–56
    [Google Scholar]
  29. Valcárcel D. 2004. El español en Brasil: conjeturas. ABC Feb 9
    [Google Scholar]
  30. Valentini CA. 2007. Experiencias y propuestas en el proceso de integración lingüística con Brasil Paper presented at Congresos Internacionales de la Lengua Española, Cartagena Colomb:.
    [Google Scholar]
  31. Vallin J, Caselli G. 2004. L´avenir de l´humanité à plus long terme: après la transition?. Démographie: analyse et synthèse, Vol. 5: Histoire du peuplement et prévisions G Caselli, J Vallin, G Wunsch 405–46 Paris: Inst. Natl. Études Démogr.
    [Google Scholar]
  32. Wong R, Peláez M, Palloni A 2005. Autoinforme de salud general en adultos mayores de América Latina y el Caribe: su utilidad como indicador. Pan Am. J. Public Health 17:323–32
    [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-soc-073018-022532
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev-soc-073018-022532
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error