The majority of terrestrial plants, including many important crops such as rice, wheat, soybean, and potato, are classified as C plants that assimilate atmospheric CO directly through the C photosynthetic pathway. C plants such as maize and sugarcane evolved from C plants, acquiring the C photosynthetic pathway to achieve high photosynthetic performance and high water- and nitrogen-use efficiencies. The recent application of recombinant DNA technology has made considerable progress in the molecular engineering of C photosynthesis over the past several years. It has deepened our understanding of the mechanism of C photosynthesis and provided valuable information as to the evolution of the C photosynthetic genes. It also has enabled us to express enzymes involved in the C pathway at high levels and in desired locations in the leaves of C plants for engineering of primary carbon metabolism.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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