1932

Abstract

Abstract

Since the detection a decade ago of the planetary companion of 51 Peg, more than 200 extrasolar planets have been unveiled, mostly by radial-velocity measurements but also in a few cases by photometric transit observations or in microlensing experiments. They present a wide variety of characteristics such as large masses with small orbital separations, high eccentricities, period resonances in multiplanet systems, etc. Meaningful features of the statistical distributions of orbital parameters for giant planets or of parent stellar properties have emerged. We discuss them in the context of the constraints they provide for planet-formation models, and in comparison to Neptune-mass planets in short-period orbits recently detected by radial-velocity surveys. Finally, the role of radial-velocity follow-up measurements of transit candidates is emphasized. Planetary physical parameters are determined, bringing important constraints for inner planet structure models.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.astro.45.051806.110529
2007-09-22
2024-06-17
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/deliver/fulltext/aa/45/1/annurev.astro.45.051806.110529.html?itemId=/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.astro.45.051806.110529&mimeType=html&fmt=ahah

Literature Cited

  1. Alibert Y, Baraffe I, Benz W, Chabrier G, Mordasini C. et al. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 455:L25 [Google Scholar]
  2. Alibert Y, Mordasini C, Benz W. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 417:L25 [Google Scholar]
  3. Alonso R, Brown TM, Torres G, Latham D, Sozzetti A. et al. 2004. Ap. J. 613:L153 [Google Scholar]
  4. Bakos GA, Noyes RW, Kovacs G, Latham D, Sasselov D. et al. 2007. Ap. J. 656:552 [Google Scholar]
  5. Balick B, Frank A. 2002. Annu. Rev. Astron. Astrophys. 40:439 [Google Scholar]
  6. Baraffe I, Alibert Y, Chabrier G, Benz W. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 450:1221 [Google Scholar]
  7. Baraffe I, Chabrier G, Barman T, Selsis F, Allard F, Hauschildt PH. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 436:L47 [Google Scholar]
  8. Baraffe I, Selsis F, Chabrier G, Barman TS, Allard F. et al. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 419:L13 [Google Scholar]
  9. Barbieri M, Gratton RG. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 384:879 [Google Scholar]
  10. Barnes S. 2001. Ap. J. 561:1095 [Google Scholar]
  11. Bastian TS, Dulk GA, Leblanc Y, Sault R. 2000. Ap. J. 545:1058 [Google Scholar]
  12. Bazot M, Bouchy F, Vauclair S, Santos NC. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 440:615 [Google Scholar]
  13. Bean JL, Benedict GF, Endl M. 2006. Ap. J. 653:L65 [Google Scholar]
  14. Beaulieu J-P, Bennett DP, Fouqué P, Williams A, Dominik M. et al. 2006. Nature 439:437 [Google Scholar]
  15. Beichman CA, Tanner A, Bryden G, Stapelfeldt KR, Werner MW. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 639:1166 [Google Scholar]
  16. Beirão P, Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 438:251 [Google Scholar]
  17. Benedict GF, McArthur BE, Forveille T, Delfosse X, Nelan E. et al. 2002. Ap. J. 581:L115 [Google Scholar]
  18. Benz W, Mordasini C, Alibert Y, Naef D. 2006. Proc. Conf. Tenth Anniversary of 51 Peg-b: Status of and prospects for hot Jupiter studies Haute Provence, Fr., ed. L Arnold, F Bouchy, C Moutou p. 24 Paris: Frontier Group [Google Scholar]
  19. Beuzit J-L, Moulliet D, Oppenheimer B, Monnier J. 2007. See Reipurth et al. 2007 p. 717
  20. Bodaghee A, Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M. 2003. Astron. Astrophys. 404:715 [Google Scholar]
  21. Bodenheimer P, Hubickyj O, Lissauer J. 2000. Icarus 143:2 [Google Scholar]
  22. Bond JC, Tinney CG, Butler RP, Jones HRA, Marcy GW. et al. 2006. MNRAS 370:163 [Google Scholar]
  23. Bonfils X, Delfosse X, Udry S, Forveille T, Naef D. 2006. Proc. Conf. Tenth Anniversary of 51 Peg-b: Status of and prospects for hot Jupiter studies, Haute Provence, Fr. L Arnold, F Bouchy, C Moutou p. 111 Paris: Frontier Group [Google Scholar]
  24. Bonfils X, Delfosse X, Udry S, Santos NC, Forveille T, Ségransan D. 2005a. Astron. Astrophys. 442:635 [Google Scholar]
  25. Bonfils X, Forveille T, Delfosse X, Udry S, Mayor M. et al. 2005b. Astron. Astrophys. 443:L15 [Google Scholar]
  26. Bonfils X, Mayor M, Delfosse X, Forveille T, Gillon M. et al. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. In press (astro-ph/0704.0270) [Google Scholar]
  27. Boss AP. 1997. Science 276:1836 [Google Scholar]
  28. Boss AP. 2002. Ap. J. 567:L149 [Google Scholar]
  29. Boss AP. 2006. Ap. J. 643:501 [Google Scholar]
  30. Bouchy F, Pont F, Melo C, Santos NC, Mayor M. et al. 2005a. Astron. Astrophys. 431:1105 [Google Scholar]
  31. Bouchy F, Pont F, Santos NC, Melo C, Mayor M. et al. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 421:L13 [Google Scholar]
  32. Bouchy F, Udry S, Mayor M, Moutou C, Pont F. et al. 2005b. Astron. Astrophys. 444:L15 [Google Scholar]
  33. Brunini A, Cionco RG. 2005. Icarus 177:264 [Google Scholar]
  34. Burkert A, Ida S. 2007. Ap. J. 660:845 [Google Scholar]
  35. Burrows A, Hubeny I, Budaj J, Hubbard WB. 2007. Ap. J. 661:502 [Google Scholar]
  36. Butler RP, Marcy GW. 1996. Ap. J. 464:L153 [Google Scholar]
  37. Butler RP, Vogt SS, Marcy GW, Fischer DA, Wright JT. et al. 2004. Ap. J. 617:580 [Google Scholar]
  38. Charbonneau D, Allen LE, Megeath ST, Torres G, Alonso R. et al. 2005. Ap. J. 626:523 [Google Scholar]
  39. Charbonneau D, Brown TM, Latham DW, Mayor M. 2000. Ap. J. 529:L45 [Google Scholar]
  40. Charbonneau D, Brown TM, Noyes RW, Gilliland RL. 2002. Ap. J. 568:377 [Google Scholar]
  41. Chauvin G, Lagrange A-M, Zuckerman B, Dumas C, Mouillet D. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 438:L29 [Google Scholar]
  42. Chen YQ, Zhao G. 2006. Astron. J. 131:1816 [Google Scholar]
  43. Chiang EI, Murray N. 2002. Ap. J. 576:473 [Google Scholar]
  44. Cochran WD, Hatzes AP, Butler RP, Marcy GW. 1997. Ap. J. 483:457 [Google Scholar]
  45. Cochran WD, Hatzes AP, Paulson DB. 2002. Astron. J. 124:565 [Google Scholar]
  46. Collier Cameron A, Bouchy F, Hébrard G, Maxted P, Pollacco D. et al. 2007. MNRAS 375:951 [Google Scholar]
  47. Correia ACM, Udry S, Mayor M, Laskar J, Naef D. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 440:751 [Google Scholar]
  48. Cumming A, Marcy G, Butler P. 1999. Ap. J. 526:890 [Google Scholar]
  49. Cuntz M, Saar SH, Musielak ZE. 2000. Ap. J. 533:L151 [Google Scholar]
  50. da Silva L, Girardi L, Pasquini L, Setiawan J, von der Lühe O. et al. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 458:609 [Google Scholar]
  51. da Silva R, Udry S, Bouchy F, Mayor M, Moutou C. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 446:717 [Google Scholar]
  52. Delfosse X, Forveille T, Mayor M, Perrier C, Naef D, Queloz D. 1998. Astron. Astrophys. 338:L67 [Google Scholar]
  53. Deliyannis CP, Cunha K, Kind JR, Boesgaard AM. 2000. Astron. J. 119:2437 [Google Scholar]
  54. Del Popolo A, Gambera M, Ercan N. 2001. MNRAS 325:1402 [Google Scholar]
  55. Deming D, Harrington J, Seager S, Richardson LJ. 2006. Ap. J. 644:560 [Google Scholar]
  56. Deming D, Seager S, Richardson LJ, Harrington J. 2005. Nature 434:740 [Google Scholar]
  57. Desidera S, Barbieri M. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 462:345 [Google Scholar]
  58. Desidera S, Gratton RG, Lucatello S, Claudi RU. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 454:581 [Google Scholar]
  59. Dotter A, Chaboyer B. 2003. Ap. J. 596:L101 [Google Scholar]
  60. Durisen RH, Boss AP, Mayer L, Nelson AF, Quinn T, Rice WKM. 2007. See Reipurth et al. 2007 p. 607
  61. Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Pont F, Santos NC, Mayor M. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 461:171 [Google Scholar]
  62. Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, García López R, Randich S. 2004a. Astron. Astrophys. 418:703 [Google Scholar]
  63. Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, Gilli G. 2006a. Astron. Astrophys. 449:809 [Google Scholar]
  64. Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, Villar V, Bihain G. 2004b. Astron. Astrophys. 426:619 [Google Scholar]
  65. Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Santos NC, Shchukina NG, Mayor M, Rebolo R. 2006b. Astron. Astrophys. 445:633 [Google Scholar]
  66. Eggenberger A, Udry S, Mayor M. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 417:353 [Google Scholar]
  67. Eggenberger A, Udry S, Mazeh T, Segal Y, Mayor M. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 466:1179 [Google Scholar]
  68. Endl M, Cochran WD, Kürster M, Paulson DB, Wittenmyer RA. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 649:436 [Google Scholar]
  69. Endl M, Kürster M, Els S, Hatzes AP, Cochran WD. et al. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 392:671 [Google Scholar]
  70. Famaey B, Pont F, Luri X, Udry S, Mayor M, Jorissen A. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 461:957 [Google Scholar]
  71. Fernandes J, Santos NC. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 427:607 [Google Scholar]
  72. Fischer D, Marcy G, Butler RP, Vogt S, Frink S, Apps K. 2001. Ap. J. 551:1107 [Google Scholar]
  73. Fischer D, Valenti JA. 2005. Ap. J. 622:1102 [Google Scholar]
  74. Ford E, Havlickova M, Rasio FA. 2001. Icarus 150:303 [Google Scholar]
  75. Ford E, Rasio F. 2006. Ap. J. 638:L45 [Google Scholar]
  76. Ford E, Rasio FA, Yu K. 2003. Scientific Frontiers in Research on Extrasolar Planets ASP Conf. Ser., ed. D Deming, S Seager 294181 San Francisco: ASP [Google Scholar]
  77. Fortney JJ, Marley MS, Barnes JW. 2007. Ap. J. 659:1661 [Google Scholar]
  78. Fuhrmann K, Pfeiffer MJ, Bernkopf J. 1997. Astron. Astrophys. 326:1081 [Google Scholar]
  79. Galland F, Lagrange A-M, Udry S, Chelli A, Pepe F. et al. 2005a. Astron. Astrophys. 444:L21 [Google Scholar]
  80. Galland F, Lagrange A-M, Udry S, Chelli A, Pepe F. et al. 2005b. Astron. Astrophys. 443:337 [Google Scholar]
  81. García López RJ, Perez de Taoro MR. 1998. Astron. Astrophys. 334:599 [Google Scholar]
  82. Gaudi SB, Seager S, Mallen-Ornelas G. 2005. Ap. J. 623:472 [Google Scholar]
  83. Gilli G, Israelian G, Ecuvillon A, Santos NC, Mayor M. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 449:723 [Google Scholar]
  84. Gilliland RL, Brown TM, Guhathakurta P, Sarajedini A, Milone EF. et al. 2000. Ap. J. 545:L47 [Google Scholar]
  85. Giménez A. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 356:213 [Google Scholar]
  86. Goldreich P, Sari R. 2003. Ap. J. 585:1024 [Google Scholar]
  87. Goldreich P, Soter S. 1966. Icarus 5:375 [Google Scholar]
  88. Goldreich P, Tremaine S. 1980. Ap. J. 241:425 [Google Scholar]
  89. Gonzalez G. 1997. MNRAS 285:403 [Google Scholar]
  90. Gonzalez G. 1998. Astron. Astrophys. 334:221 [Google Scholar]
  91. Gonzalez G. 1999. MNRAS 308:447 [Google Scholar]
  92. Gonzalez G. 2003. Rev. Mod. Phys. 75:101 [Google Scholar]
  93. Gonzalez G, Laws C. 2000. Astron. J. 119:390 [Google Scholar]
  94. Gonzalez G, Laws C, Tyagi S, Reddy BE. 2001. Astron. J. 121:432 [Google Scholar]
  95. Gould A, Udalski A, An D, Bennett DP, Zhou AY. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 644:L37 [Google Scholar]
  96. Greaves JS, Holland WS, Jayawardhana R, Wyatt MC, Dent WRF. 2004. MNRAS 348:1097 [Google Scholar]
  97. Guillot T. 2005. Annu. Rev. Earth Planet. Sci. 33:493 [Google Scholar]
  98. Guillot T, Santos NC, Pont F, Iro N, Melo C, Ribas I. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 453:21 [Google Scholar]
  99. Haisch KE Jr, Lada EA, Lada CJ. 2001. Ap. J. 553:L153 [Google Scholar]
  100. Halbwachs JL, Arenou F, Mayor M, Udry S, Queloz D. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 355:581 [Google Scholar]
  101. Halbwachs JL, Mayor M, Udry S. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 431:1129 [Google Scholar]
  102. Harrington H, Hansen B, Luszcz S, Seager S, Deming D. et al. 2006. Science 314:623 [Google Scholar]
  103. Hatzes AP, Guenther EW, Endl M, Cochran WD, Döllinger MP, Bedalov A. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 437:743 [Google Scholar]
  104. Heiter U, Luck RE. 2003. Astron. J. 126:2015 [Google Scholar]
  105. Henry GW, Marcy GW, Butler RP, Vogt SS. 2000. Ap. J. 529:L41 [Google Scholar]
  106. Hubbard WB, Hattori MF, Burrows A, Hubeny I, Sudarsky D. 2007. Icarus. 187:358 [Google Scholar]
  107. Ida S, Lin DNC. 2004a. Ap. J. 616:567 [Google Scholar]
  108. Ida S, Lin DNC. 2004b. Ap. J. 604:388 [Google Scholar]
  109. Ida S, Lin DNC. 2005. Ap. J. 626:1045 [Google Scholar]
  110. Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, Rebolo R. 2001. Nature 411:163 [Google Scholar]
  111. Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, Rebolo R. 2003. Astron. Astrophys. 405:753 [Google Scholar]
  112. Israelian G, Santos NC, Mayor M, Rebolo R. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 414:601 [Google Scholar]
  113. James D, Melo C, Santos NC, Bouvier J. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 446:971 [Google Scholar]
  114. Johnson JA, Marcy GW, Fischer DA, Laughlin G, Butler RP. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 647:600 [Google Scholar]
  115. Jorissen A, Mayor M, Udry S. 2001. Astron. Astrophys. 379:992 [Google Scholar]
  116. Konacki M. 2005a. Ap. J. 626:431 [Google Scholar]
  117. Konacki M. 2005b. Nature 436:230 [Google Scholar]
  118. Konacki M, Torres G, Jha S, Sasselov D. 2003. Nature 121:507 [Google Scholar]
  119. Kornet K, Bodenheimer P, Róyczka M, Stepinski TF. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 430:1133 [Google Scholar]
  120. Kornet K, Wolf S, Róyczka M. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 458:661 [Google Scholar]
  121. Laughlin G. 2000. Ap. J. 545:1064 [Google Scholar]
  122. Laughlin G, Adams FC. 1997. Ap. J. 491:L51 [Google Scholar]
  123. Laughlin G, Bodenheimer P, Adams FC. 2004. Ap. J. 612:L73 [Google Scholar]
  124. Laughlin G, Butler RP, Fischer DA, Marcy GW, Vogt SS, Wolf AS. 2005. Ap. J. 622:1182 [Google Scholar]
  125. Laws C, Gonzalez G. 2001. Ap. J. 553:405 [Google Scholar]
  126. Laws C, Gonzalez G. 2003. Ap. J. 595:1148 [Google Scholar]
  127. Laws C, Gonzalez G, Walker KM, Tyagi S, Dodsworth J. et al. 2003. Astron. J. 125:2664 [Google Scholar]
  128. Lecavelier des Etangs A, Vidal-Madjar A, McConnell JC, Hébrard G. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 418:L1 [Google Scholar]
  129. Levison H, Morbidelli A, Gomes R, Tsiganis K, Beckman DA. 2007. See Reipurth et al. 2007 p. 669
  130. Levison HF, Lissauer JJ, Duncan MJ. 1998. Astron. J. 116:1998 [Google Scholar]
  131. Levrard B, Correia ACM, Chabrier G, Baraffe I, Selsis F, Laskar J. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 462:L5 [Google Scholar]
  132. Lin DNC, Bodenheimer P, Richardson DC. 1996. Nature 380:606 [Google Scholar]
  133. Lin DNC, Ida S. 1997. Ap. J. 477:781 [Google Scholar]
  134. Lineweaver CH. 2001. Icarus 151:307 [Google Scholar]
  135. Livio M, Pringle JE. 2003. MNRAS 346:L42 [Google Scholar]
  136. Lovis C, Mayor M, Pepe F, Alibert Y, Benz W. et al. 2006. Nature 441:305 [Google Scholar]
  137. Luck RE, Heiter U. 2006. Astron. J. 132:3069 [Google Scholar]
  138. Marcy GW, Butler RP. 1996. Ap. J. 464:L147 [Google Scholar]
  139. Marcy GW, Butler RP, Fischer D, Vogt S, Tinney JT. et al. 2005. Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 158:24 [Google Scholar]
  140. Marcy GW, Butler RP, Vogt SS, Fischer D, Lissauer JJ. 1998. Ap. J. 505:L147 [Google Scholar]
  141. Marcy GW, Butler RP, Vogt SS, Liu MC, Laughlin G. et al. 2001. Ap. J. 555:418 [Google Scholar]
  142. Martell S, Laughlin G. 2002. Ap. J. 577:L45 [Google Scholar]
  143. Marzari F, Weidenschilling SJ. 2002. Icarus 156:570 [Google Scholar]
  144. Mayer L, Quinn T, Wadsley J, Stadel J. 2002. Science 298:1756 [Google Scholar]
  145. Mayor M, Pepe F, Queloz D, Bouchy F, Rupprecht G. et al. 2003. The Messenger 114:20 [Google Scholar]
  146. Mayor M, Queloz D. 1995. Nature 378:355 [Google Scholar]
  147. Mayor M, Udry S, Naef D, Pepe F, Queloz D. et al. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 415:391 [Google Scholar]
  148. Mazeh T, Krymolowski Y, Rosenfeld G. 1997. Ap. J. 477:L103 [Google Scholar]
  149. Mazeh T, Naef D, Torres G, Latham DW, Mayor M. et al. 2000. Ap. J. 532:L55 [Google Scholar]
  150. Mazeh T, Zucker S, Pont F. 2005. MNRAS 356:955 [Google Scholar]
  151. McArthur BE, Endl M, Cochran WD, Benedict GF, Fischer DA. et al. 2004. Ap. J. 614:L81 [Google Scholar]
  152. McCullough P, Stys J, Valenti J, Johns-Krull C, Janes K. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 648:1228 [Google Scholar]
  153. Melo C, Santos NC, Gieren W, Pietrzynski G, Ruiz MT. et al. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 467:721 [Google Scholar]
  154. Melo C, Santos NC, Pont F, Guillot T, Israelian G. et al. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 460:251 [Google Scholar]
  155. Mizuno H. 1980. Prog. Theor. Phys. Suppl. 64:54 [Google Scholar]
  156. Montalban J, Rebolo R. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 386:1039 [Google Scholar]
  157. Moro-Martín A, Carpenter JM, Meyer MR, Hillenbrand LA, Malhotra R. et al. 2007. Ap. J. 658:1312 [Google Scholar]
  158. Mugrauer M, Neuhäuser R, Seifahrt A, Mazeh T, Guenther E. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 440:1051 [Google Scholar]
  159. Murray N, Chaboyer B. 2002. Ap. J. 566:442 [Google Scholar]
  160. Murray N, Chaboyer B, Arras P, Hansen B, Noyes RW. 2001. Ap. J. 555:801 [Google Scholar]
  161. Murray N, Hansen B, Holman M, Tremaine S. 1998. Science 279:69 [Google Scholar]
  162. Naef D, Mayor D, Beuzit J-L, Perrier C, Queloz D. et al. 2005. Proc. 13th Cool Stars, Stellar Systems and the Sun ESA SP-560:833 [Google Scholar]
  163. Nelson A. 2000. Ap. J. 537:L65 [Google Scholar]
  164. Nelson RP. 2003. MNRAS 345:233 [Google Scholar]
  165. Nelson RP, Papaloizou JCB. 2004. MNRAS 350:849 [Google Scholar]
  166. Nelson RP, Papaloizou JCB, Masset F, Kley W. 2000. MNRAS 318:18 [Google Scholar]
  167. Neuäuser R, Guenther E, Wuchterl G, Mugrauer M, Bedalov A, Hauschildt PH. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 435:L13 [Google Scholar]
  168. O’Donovan F, Charbonneau D, Mandushev G, Dunham E, Latham D. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 651:L61 [Google Scholar]
  169. Papaloizou JCB, Terquem C. 2006. Rep. Prog. Phys. 69:119 [Google Scholar]
  170. Pasquini L. 2006. Proc. ESO-Lisbon-Aveiro Conf. Precision Spectrosc. Astrophys., ESO Astrophys. Symp. In press [Google Scholar]
  171. Patience J, White RJ, Ghez A, McCabe C, McLean IS. et al. 2002. Ap. J. 581:654 [Google Scholar]
  172. Pätzold M, Rauer H. 2002. Ap. J. 568:L117 [Google Scholar]
  173. Paulson DB, Cochran WD, Hatzes AP. 2004a. Astron. J. 127:3579 [Google Scholar]
  174. Paulson DB, Saar SH, Cochran WD, Hatzes AP. 2002. Astron. J. 124:572 [Google Scholar]
  175. Paulson DB, Saar SH, Cochran WD, Henry GW. 2004b. Astron. J. 127:1644 [Google Scholar]
  176. Paulson DB, Sneden C, Cochran WD. 2003. Astron. J. 125:3185 [Google Scholar]
  177. Pepe F, Correia ACM, Mayor M, Tamuz O, Benz W. et al. 2007. Astron. Astrophys. 462:769 [Google Scholar]
  178. Pepe F, Mayor M, Queloz D, Benz W, Bertaux J-L. et al. 2005. The Messenger 120:22 [Google Scholar]
  179. Pepe F, Mayor M, Rupprecht G, Avila G, Ballester P. et al. 2002. The Messenger 110:9 [Google Scholar]
  180. Perrier C, Sivan JP, Naef D, Beuzit J-L, Mayor M. et al. 2003. Astron. Astrophys. 410:1039 [Google Scholar]
  181. Perryman M, Hainaut O, Dravins D, Leger A, Quirrenbach A. et al. 2005. ESA-ESO Work. Group Extra-Solar Planets, Rep. 1 (astro-ph/0506163) [Google Scholar]
  182. Pinsonneault MH, DePoy DL, Coffee M. 2001. Ap. J. 556:L59 [Google Scholar]
  183. Pollack JB, Hubickyj O, Bodenheimer P, Lissauer JJ, Podolak M, Greenzweig Y. 1996. Icarus 124:62 [Google Scholar]
  184. Pont F, Bouchy F, Melo C, Santos NC, Mayor M. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 438:1123 [Google Scholar]
  185. Pont F, Bouchy F, Queloz D, Santos NC, Melo C. et al. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 426:L15 [Google Scholar]
  186. Pourbaix D. 2001. Astron. Astrophys. 369:L22 [Google Scholar]
  187. Pourbaix D, Arenou F. 2001. Astron. Astrophys. 372:935 [Google Scholar]
  188. Queloz D, Mayor M, Weber L, Blécha A, Burnet M. et al. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 354:99 [Google Scholar]
  189. Quillen AC. 2002. Astron. J. 124:400 [Google Scholar]
  190. Raghavan D, Henry TJ, Mason BD, Subasavage JP, Jao W-C. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 646:523 [Google Scholar]
  191. Randich S, Sestito P, Primas F, Pallavicini R, Pasquini L. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 450:557 [Google Scholar]
  192. Rasio FA, Ford E. 1996. Science 274:954 [Google Scholar]
  193. Reddy BE, Lambert DL, Laws C, Gonzalez G, Covey K. 2002. MNRAS 335:1005 [Google Scholar]
  194. Reid IN. 2002. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac. 114:306 [Google Scholar]
  195. Reipurth B, Jewitt D, Keil K. eds. 2007. Protostars and Planets V. Tucson: Univ. Ariz. Press [Google Scholar]
  196. Rice WKM, Armitage PJ. 2003. Ap. J. 598:L55 [Google Scholar]
  197. Rice WKM, Armitage PJ, Bonnel IA, Bate MR, Jeffers SV, Vine SG. 2003. MNRAS 346:L36 [Google Scholar]
  198. Rivera EJ, Lissauer JJ, Butler RP, Marcy GW, Vogt SS. et al. 2005. Ap. J. 634:625 [Google Scholar]
  199. Robinson SE, Laughlin G, Bodenheimer P, Fischer D. 2006. Ap. J. 643:484 [Google Scholar]
  200. Rubenstein EP, Schaefer BE. 2000. Ap. J. 529:1031 [Google Scholar]
  201. Ryan SG. 2000. MNRAS 316:L35 [Google Scholar]
  202. Saar SH, Donahue RA. 1997. Ap. J. 485:319 [Google Scholar]
  203. Sadakane K, Honda S, Kawanomoto S, Takeda Y, Takada-Hidai M. 1999. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 51:505 [Google Scholar]
  204. Sadakane K, Ohkubo M, Takada Y, Sato B, Kambe E, Aoki W. 2002. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 54:911 [Google Scholar]
  205. Saffe C, Gómez M, Chavero C. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 443:609 [Google Scholar]
  206. Safronov VS. 1969. Evoliutsiia Doplanetnogo Oblaka Moscow: Izdatel'stvo Nauka [Google Scholar]
  207. Sahu KC, Casertano S, Bond HE, Valenti J, Smith TE. et al. 2006. Nature 443:534 [Google Scholar]
  208. Sandquist EL, Dokter JJ, Lin DNC, Mardling RA. 2002. Ap. J. 572:1012 [Google Scholar]
  209. Sandquist EL, Taam RE, Lin DNC, Burkert A. 1998. Ap. J. 506:L65 [Google Scholar]
  210. Santos NC, Benz W, Mayor M. 2005. Science 310:251 [Google Scholar]
  211. Santos NC, Bouchy F, Mayor M, Pepe F, Queloz D. et al. 2004a. Astron. Astrophys. 426:L19 [Google Scholar]
  212. Santos NC, Ecuvillon A, Israelian G, Mayor M, Melo C. et al. 2006b. Astron. Astrophys. 458:997 [Google Scholar]
  213. Santos NC, García López R, Israelian G, Mayor M, Rebolo R. et al. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 386:1028 [Google Scholar]
  214. Santos NC, Israelian G, García López R, Mayor M, Rebolo R. et al. 2004b. Astron. Astrophys. 427:1085 [Google Scholar]
  215. Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 363:228 [Google Scholar]
  216. Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M. 2001. Astron. Astrophys. 373:1019 [Google Scholar]
  217. Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M. 2004. Astron. Astrophys. 415:1153 [Google Scholar]
  218. Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M, Bento JP, Almeida PC. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 437:1127 [Google Scholar]
  219. Santos NC, Israelian G, Mayor M, Rebolo R, Udry S. 2003. Astron. Astrophys. 398:363 [Google Scholar]
  220. Santos NC, Mayor M, Naef D, Pepe F, Queloz D. et al. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 356:599 [Google Scholar]
  221. Santos NC, Pont F, Melo C, Israelian G, Bouchy F. et al. 2006a. Astron. Astrophys. 450:825 [Google Scholar]
  222. Sato B, Ando H, Kambe E, Takeda Y, Izumiura H. et al. 2003. Ap. J. 597:L157 [Google Scholar]
  223. Sato B, Fischer DA, Henry GW, Laighlin G, Butler RP. et al. 2005. Ap. J. 633:465 [Google Scholar]
  224. Sato B, Izumiura H, Toyota E, Kambe E, Takeda Y. et al. 2007. Ap. J. 661:527 [Google Scholar]
  225. Setiawan J, Rodmann J, da Silva L, Hatzes AP, Pasquini L. et al. 2005. Astron. Astrophys. 437:L31 [Google Scholar]
  226. Shkolnik E, Walker GAH, Bohlender DA. 2003. Ap. J. 597:1092 [Google Scholar]
  227. Smith VV, Cunha K, Lazzaro D. 2001. Astron. J. 121:3207 [Google Scholar]
  228. Soker N. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 386:885 [Google Scholar]
  229. Sozzetti A. 2004. MNRAS 354:1194 [Google Scholar]
  230. Sozzetti A, Torres G, Latham DW, Carney BW, Stefanik RP. et al. 2006. Ap. J. 649:428 [Google Scholar]
  231. Stevens I. 2005. MNRAS 356:1053 [Google Scholar]
  232. Suchkov AA, Schultz AB. 2001. Ap. J. 549:L237 [Google Scholar]
  233. Tabachnik S, Tremaine S. 2002. MNRAS 335:151 [Google Scholar]
  234. Takeda G, Rasio AF. 2005. Ap. J. 627:1001 [Google Scholar]
  235. Takeda Y, Honda S. 2005. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 57:65 [Google Scholar]
  236. Takeda Y, Sato B, Kambe E, Aoki W, Honda S. et al. 2001. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 53:1211 [Google Scholar]
  237. Trilling DE, Benz W, Guillot T, Lunine JI, Hubbard WB, Burrows A. 1998. Ap. J. 500:428 [Google Scholar]
  238. Trilling DE, Lunine JI, Benz W. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 394:241 [Google Scholar]
  239. Udalski A, Paczynski B, Zebrun K, Szymaski M, Kubiak M. et al. 2002a. Acta Astron. 52:1 [Google Scholar]
  240. Udalski A, Zebrun K, Szymanski M, Kubiak M, Soszynski I. et al. 2002b. Acta Astron. 52:115 [Google Scholar]
  241. Udry S, Eggenberger A, Beuzit J-L, Lagrange AM, Mayor M, Chauvin G. 2004. Rev. Mex. Astron. Astrof. 21:215 [Google Scholar]
  242. Udry S, Fischer D, Queloz D. 2007. See Reipurth et al. 2007 p. 685
  243. Udry S, Mayor M, Benz W, Bertaux JL, Bouchy F. et al. 2006. Astron. Astrophys. 47:361 [Google Scholar]
  244. Udry S, Mayor M, Naef D, Pepe F, Queloz D. et al. 2000. Astron. Astrophys. 356:590 [Google Scholar]
  245. Udry S, Mayor M, Naef D, Pepe F, Queloz D. et al. 2002. Astron. Astrophys. 90:267 [Google Scholar]
  246. Udry S, Mayor M, Santos NC. 2003. Astron. Astrophys. 407:369 [Google Scholar]
  247. Valencia D, O’Connell RJ, Sasselov D. 2006. Icarus 181:545 [Google Scholar]
  248. Vauclair S. 2004. Ap. J. 605:874 [Google Scholar]
  249. Vidal-Madjar A, Désert JM, Lecavelier des Etangs A, Hébrard G, Ballester GE. et al. 2004. Ap. J. 604:L69 [Google Scholar]
  250. Vidal-Madjar A, Lecavelier des Etangs A, Désert JM, Ballester GE, Ferlet R. et al. 2003. Nature 422:143 [Google Scholar]
  251. Vogt SS, Butler RP, Marcy GW, Fischer DA, Henry GW. et al. 2005. Ap. J. 632:638 [Google Scholar]
  252. Ward W. 1997. Icarus 126:261 [Google Scholar]
  253. Weidenschilling SJ, Marzari F. 1996. Nature 384:619 [Google Scholar]
  254. Weldrake DTF, Sackett PD, Bridges TJ, Freeman KC. 2005. Ap. J. 620:1043 [Google Scholar]
  255. Wilden BS, Jones BF, Lin DNC, Soderblom DR. 2002. Astron. J. 124:2799 [Google Scholar]
  256. Wolszczan A, Frail DA. 1992. Nature 355:145 [Google Scholar]
  257. Woolf V, Wallerstein G. 2006. Publ. Astron. Soc. Jpn. 118:218 [Google Scholar]
  258. Wright JT. 2005. PASP 117:657 [Google Scholar]
  259. Wu Y, Murray N. 2003. Ap. J. 589:605 [Google Scholar]
  260. Zakamska NL, Tremaine S. 2004. Astron. J. 128:869 [Google Scholar]
  261. Zhao G, Chen YQ, Qiu HM, Li ZW. 2002. Astron. J. 124:2224 [Google Scholar]
  262. Zucker S, Mazeh T. 2001. Ap. J. 562:1038 [Google Scholar]
  263. Zucker S, Mazeh T. 2002. Ap. J. 568:L113 [Google Scholar]
  264. Zucker S, Naef D, Latham DW, Mayor M, Mazeh T. et al. 2002. Ap. J. 568:363 [Google Scholar]
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.astro.45.051806.110529
Loading
/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.astro.45.051806.110529
Loading

Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error