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Abstract

In this review, we examine randomized controlled trials of community interventions to affect health. The evidence supports the efficacy of community interventions for preventing tobacco, alcohol, and other drug use; several recent trials have shown the benefits of community interventions for preventing multiple problems of young people, including antisocial behavior. However, the next generation of community intervention research needs to reflect more fully the fact that most psychological and behavioral problems of humans are interrelated and result from the same environmental conditions. The evidence supports testing new comprehensive community interventions that focus on increasing nurturance in communities. Nurturing communities will be ones in which families, schools, neighborhoods, and workplaces () minimize biologically and socially toxic events, () richly reinforce prosocial behavior, and () foster psychological acceptance. Such interventions also have the potential to make neighborhoods more sustainable.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.032408.153526
2009-04-27
2024-06-13
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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.clinpsy.032408.153526
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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