This review deals primarily with the bifurcation, stability, and evolution of gravity and capillary-gravity waves. Recent results on the bifurcation of various types of capillary-gravity waves, including two-dimensional solitary waves at the minimum of the dispersion curve, are reviewed. A survey of various mechanisms (including the most recent ones) to explain the frequency downshift phenomenon is provided. Recent significant results are given on “horseshoe” patterns, which are three-dimensional structures observable on the sea surface under the action of wind or in wave tank experiments. The so-called short-crested waves are then discussed. Finally, the importance of surface tension effects on steep waves is studied.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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