The current understanding of the average flow properties of packed beds and particle suspensions, in which inertia plays a significant role on the particle length scale, is examined. The features of inertial suspensions posing challenges to theoriticians include the nonlinear and unsteady nature of the governing equations, the inability to superimpose solutions, the prevalence of hydrodynamic instabilities, and the existence of particle-particle collisions. We discuss two special cases of inertial suspensions, for which detailed kinetic theories have been developed: () particles in a gas, and () spherical, high-Reynolds number bubbles in liquid. Subsequently, we review recent applications of computational fluid dynamics to simulate the motion in particle suspensions with both inertia and vorticity in the continueous phase. The synthesis of these analytical and numerical techniques is a promising approach to address the many challenges of modelling inertial suspensions.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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