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Abstract

▪ Abstract

Almost all vessels carrying fluids within the body are flexible, and interactions between an internal flow and wall deformation often underlie a vessel's biological function or dysfunction. Such interactions can involve a rich range of fluid-mechanical phenomena, including nonlinear pressure-drop/flow-rate relations, self-excited oscillations of single-phase flow at high Reynolds number and capillary-elastic instabilities of two-phase flow at low Reynolds number. We review recent advances in understanding the fundamental mechanics of flexible-tube flows, and discuss physiological applications spanning the cardiovascular system (involving wave propagation and flow-induced instabilities of blood vessels), the respiratory system (involving phonation, the closure and reopening of liquid-lined airways, and Marangoni flows on flexible surfaces), and elsewhere in the body (involving active peristaltic transport driven by fluid-structure/muscle interactions).

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.fluid.36.050802.121918
2004-01-21
2024-06-18
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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