This review concerns recent progress in primary atomization modeling. The numerical approaches based on direct simulation are described first. Although direct numerical simulation (DNS) offers the potential to study the physical processes during primary atomization in detail, thereby supplementing experimental diagnostics, it also introduces severe numerical challenges. We outline these challenges and the numerical methods to address them, highlighting some recent efforts in performing detailed simulation of the primary atomization process. The second part is devoted to phenomenological models of primary atomization. Because earlier conventional models of breakup are well reported in the available literature, we highlight only two recent developments: () stochastic simulation of the liquid jet depletion in the framework of fragmentation under scaling symmetry and () primary atomization in terms of Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) mixing with a strong variation of density.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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