1932

Abstract

Linkage disequilibrium refers to the association between alleles at different loci. The standard definition applies to two alleles in the same gamete, and it can be regarded as the covariance of indicator variables for the states of those two alleles. The corresponding correlation coefficient ρ is the parameter that arises naturally in discussions of tests of association between markers and genetic diseases. A general treatment of association tests makes use of the additive and nonadditive components of variance for the disease gene. In almost all expressions that describe the behavior of association tests, additive variance components are modified by the squared correlation coefficient ρ 2 and the nonadditive variance components by ρ4, suggesting that nonadditive components have less influence than additive components on association tests.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.genom.9.081307.164347
2008-09-22
2024-06-24
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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