Improved immunosuppressive regimens, advances in surgical proficiency and techniques, and improved supportive medical care have translated into dramatic increases in graft survival in organ transplantation and in patient outcome in bone marrow transplantation. Though effective immunosuppression has also led to an increase in infectious complications, several recent advances, including the development of effective surveillance protocols and antiviral therapy and the use of prophylactic antibiotics, appear to have made a significant positive impact on the management of infections and survival of transplant recipients. In addition, a clearer understanding of noninfectious pulmonary complications, such as bronchiolitis obliterans, and continued improvement in techniques for evaluating a host of posttransplant pulmonary disorders will likely further enhance posttransplant therapy and survival.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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