Video technology allows surgeons to offer patients operations through small incisions. While these minimally invasive techniques have been employed for a wide range of operations for many years, only recently has a laparoscopic cholecystectomy been possible. Compared to the same operation performed via laparotomy, it is deemed the “gold standard.” Overall mortality after laparoscopic cholecystectomy ranges from 0–1%, and the rate of major complications is less than 5%. As a group, general surgeons are beyond their initial learning curve for laparoscopic cholecystectomy, but the majority of iatrogenic injuries can be successfully avoided by appreciating the limitations and pitfalls of laparoscopic surgery, and by carefully dissecting the hepatocystic triangle before dividing any structure. Early identification and management of complications will minimize potentially devastating complications of small, unrecognized injuries. Physicians need to accurately advise patients of the proposed advantages and potential problems of laparoscopic cholecystectomy before referring them to a surgeon.

Keyword(s): bilegallstoneshemorrhageinjuryoutcome

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  • Article Type: Review Article
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