1932

Abstract

The recent inclusion of research criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder in the fourth edition of the should help physicians recognize women with symptoms of irritability, tension, dysphoria, and lability of mood that seriously interfere with their lifestyle. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder can be differentiated from premenstrual syndrome, which is primarily reserved for milder physical symptoms and minor mood changes. The use of criteria from the in conjunction with prospective daily charting for at least two menstrual cycles is now accepted as common practice in confirming the diagnosis. Treatment options range from the conservative (lifestyle and stress management) to treatment with psychotropic medications and hormonal or surgical interventions to eliminate ovulation for the more extreme cases. Results from several randomized, placebo-controlled trials have clearly demonstrated that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, as well as medical or surgical oophorectomy, are effective in treating premenstrual dysphoric disorder. Taken together, these data indicate that treatment may be accomplished by either eliminating the hormonal trigger or by reversing the sensitivity of the serotonergic system.

Loading

Article metrics loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.med.48.1.447
1997-02-01
2024-06-13
Loading full text...

Full text loading...

/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.med.48.1.447
Loading
  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error