Recent clinical studies of acute renal failure in adults have focused attention on the biocompatibility of the dialysis membrane as a possible factor influencing patient morbidity and mortality. In this article, we review the concept of dialysis membrane biocompatibility and highlight the difficulty of finding an ideal definition. We then expand on the possible roles of complement and neutrophil activation by dialysis membranes, which may prolong the recovery from acute renal failure. The results of several clinical studies analyzing the impact of dialysis membranes on the course and outcome of acute renal failure are discussed. Finally, the possible relevance of biocompatibility in continuous renal replacement therapies is emphasized.

Keyword(s): complementneutrophils

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  • Article Type: Review Article
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