A common C825T polymorphism in the gene , which encodes the β3 subunit of heterotrimeric G proteins, was identified in cell lines from patients with hypertension. The 825T allele is associated with increased intracellular signal transduction. Many population-based and case-control studies in different ethnicities have investigated an association between this polymorphism and hypertension, obesity, and atherosclerosis. A critical assessment of published studies suggests that 825T allele carriers have an increased risk for hypertension combined with features of the metabolic syndrome, such as dyslipidemia, hypercholesterolemia, insulin resistance, and obesity. It is anticipated that this polymorphism will be used in clinical practice to better characterize hypertension and for individualized treatment regimens.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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