1932

Abstract

Abstract

Multiple endocrine neoplasia (MEN) type 1 and type 2 exhibit an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance. In the past two decades the germline mutations that cause these inherited syndromes have been identified. The large majority of patients with MEN1 have mutations in the gene. Mutations in the REarranged during Transfection () gene cause MEN2A, MEN2B, and familial medullary thyroid carcinoma (FMTC). Specific codon mutations within correlate with disease phenotype and severity. Also, children from families with MEN2A, MEN2B, or FMTC, who are found to have inherited a mutated allele, can be managed by prophylactic thyroidectomy, thus preventing the development of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC), the dominant endocrinopathy in patients with these hereditary syndromes. New insights into the molecular pathway of RET signal transduction are leading to novel targeted therapies in patients with locally advanced or metastatic hereditary MTC.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.med.58.100305.115303
2007-02-18
2024-06-19
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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