Several recent advances have been made in the management of prostate cancer. Active surveillance is an increasingly attractive and reasonable approach for those with low-volume, low-risk disease. For locally advanced or localized high-risk disease, neoadjuvant and adjuvant therapies are emerging as the standard of care. Innovative uses of traditional hormonal treatments can potentially limit common side effects. Recent data also support the utility of second-line hormonal therapy. For the first time, a survival advantage with the use of chemotherapy has been established. Much work is under way to augment its efficacy with novel agents such as targeted therapeutics and tumor vaccines. Recent scientific breakthroughs suggest additional strategies in treating prostate cancer.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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