The development and spread of breast and other human cancers are caused by the overexpression, mutation, and/or deletion of specific genes that drive these events. Finding genetic and molecular differences between cancerous and healthy cells can reveal the genetic determinants of cancer. This knowledge results in a better understanding of the carcinogenic process and improved predictive power, with implications for identifying new drug targets, designing novel therapies, and improving preclinical and clinical studies. We review the concepts of biomarker, genetic marker, and genetic determinant in cancer, with particular focus on the most aggressive and lethal form of breast cancer, termed inflammatory breast cancer (IBC). Using IBC as an example, we describe in detail the approaches to identify the genes that are responsible for—and not merely associated with—this disease.


Article metrics loading...

Loading full text...

Full text loading...


Data & Media loading...

  • Article Type: Review Article
This is a required field
Please enter a valid email address
Approval was a Success
Invalid data
An Error Occurred
Approval was partially successful, following selected items could not be processed due to error