This review describes a mechanism of viral transformation involving activation of cellular signaling pathways. We focus on four viral oncoproteins: the E5 protein of bovine papillomavirus, which activates the platelet-derived growth factor β receptor; gp55 of spleen focus forming virus, which activates the erythropoietin receptor; polyoma virus middle T antigen, which resembles an activated receptor tyrosine kinase; and LMP-1 of Epstein-Barr virus, which mimics an activated tumor necrosis factor receptor. These examples indicate that diverse viruses induce cell transformation by activating cellular signal transduction pathways. Study of this mechanism of viral transformation will provide new insights into viral tumorigenesis and cellular signal transduction.


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  • Article Type: Review Article
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