1932

Abstract

This chapter reviews the extensive literature on bias in favor of in-groups at the expense of out-groups. We focus on five issues and identify areas for future research: () measurement and conceptual issues (especially in-group favoritism vs. out-group derogation, and explicit vs. implicit measures of bias); () modern theories of bias highlighting motivational explanations (social identity, optimal distinctiveness, uncertainty reduction, social dominance, terror management); () key moderators of bias, especially those that exacerbate bias (identification, group size, status and power, threat, positive-negative asymmetry, personality and individual differences); () reduction of bias (individual vs. intergroup approaches, especially models of social categorization); and () the link between intergroup bias and more corrosive forms of social hostility.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135109
2002-02-01
2024-04-18
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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135109
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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