1932

Abstract

Ecologies shape cultures; cultures influence the development of personalities. There are both universal and culture-specific aspects of variation in personality. Some culture-specific aspects correspond to cultural syndromes such as complexity, tightness, individualism, and collectivism. A large body of literature suggests that the Big Five personality factors emerge in various cultures. However, caution is required in arguing for such universality, because most studies have not included emic (culture-specific) traits and have not studied samples that are extremely different in culture from Western samples.

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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135200
2002-02-01
2024-06-24
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/content/journals/10.1146/annurev.psych.53.100901.135200
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  • Article Type: Review Article
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